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François Girouard (abt. 1621 - abt. 1693)

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François "dit Lavaranne" Girouard
Born about in La Chaussée, Saumurois, Anjou, Francemap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married about in Port-Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Port-Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 4 May 2011 | Last significant change: 22 Aug 2018
14:34: Julien Cassaigne edited the Birth Place for François Girouard. [Thank Julien for this | 1 thank-you received]
This page has been accessed 7,024 times.

Categories: Acadians | La Chaussée, Vienne | Girouard Name Study | French Immigrants to Acadia | Port-Royal, Acadie.

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François Girouard is an Acadian.
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Discuss: ACADIA

Contents

Biography

Discussion

Parentage. In some trees François' parents are listed as François Girouard and Geraldine Marie Vienneau. Stephen White does not list them in his DGFA nor in the corrections.
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François Girouard migrated from France to Acadia.
Flag of Acadia
François GIROUARD dit La Varanne, born around 1621, a "laboureur." He married around 1647 to Jeanne Aucoin, daughter of Martin Aucoin and Barbe Minguet and sister of Michelle Aucoin (married to Michel Boudrot). On the 1671 census at Port Royal he is 50 years old; in 1686, age 70 years [sic]. He died before the census of 1693. Between about 1648 and 1660, the couple had five children: Jacques (dit Jacob), Marie, Marie-Madeleine, Germain, and Anne (Anne-Charlotte). [1]. He came to Acadia around 1640[2] with Aulnay de Chainisary aboard the St. Jehan, shown on the La Rochelle Admiralty Records. [citation needed] NOTE: he is not on the ship list of 1636 posted here Could not find any other ship lists from that era.
According to the 1767 depositions of their descendants, François and Jeanne came to Acadie as husband and wife. [3]
Around the time of their daughter Marie-Madeleine's birth (1654), Port-Royal was captured by Robert Sedgwick, who led 300 British soldiers and volunteers.[4] Although the commander of Port Royal left for France, most Acadians, including the Girouards remained in Acadia. They were permitted to retain their land and belongings and were guaranteed religious freedom. Dunn[4] describes life in Acadia during the 16 years of nominal British rule:
"During the years of British rule, most of the Port-Royal population moved upriver away from the town. Using the agricultural practices initiated under D'Aulnay, the Acadians dyked and cultivated extensive salt marshes along the river and raised livestock. Through necessity, residents had reached an accommodation with New England traders who had become their sole source for the goods that they could not produce themselves... New England traders exchanged their goods for Acadian produce and furs... There were seventy to eighty families in the Port-Royal area in 1665."
The family homestead was located about 15 km east of the Fort on the south shore of the Dauphin (Anapolis) River near present-day Tupperville Nova Scotia.[5][6] In 1671[7], 8 arpents[8] of their land was cultivated. They also had 16 cattle and 12 sheep.
By the time their youngest child Anne was 7 years old (1667), the British had ceded Acadie to France and French settlement resumed.[9]

Biographie

"Les Girouard en Acadie ont pour ancêtre François, né en France vers 1621, qui arriva ici aux années 1640. François épousa vers 1647 Jeanne Aucoin, de qui il eut cinq enfants, dont Jacques (ou Jacob), né vers 1648."[1]

1636 D'Aulnay brings the first French families to settle permanently[10][4]
c1640 Arrival in Acadia
c1647 marriage to Jeanne Aucoin
c1648 birth, son Jacques (dit Jacob)
c1650 birth, daughter Marie
c1654 birth, daughter Marie-Madeleine
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases[11]
c1656 birth, son Germain
c1660 birth, son Anne (Anne-Charlotte)
1667-70 Treaty of Breda cedes Acadia to the French; settlement resumes[12]
b1693 death, François died in Port-Royal before 1693.[13].

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 p=718-719. Stephen A. White, DICTIONNAIRE GENEALOGIQUE DES FAMILLES ACADIENNES; 1636-1714; Moncton, New Brunswick, Centre d'Etudes Acadiennes, 1999, 2 vols.; p. 718; own copy. #1:
  2. White, Stephen A. Origins of the Pioneers of Acadia. According to the Depositions Made by Their Descendants at Belle- Ile-en-Mer in 1767.
  3. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, p 23-24(1654 Capture of Port-Royal); p25-27;29 (the English period 1654-1670).
  4. 1707 homestead location of their son Jacques Girouard. In Au Coeur de l'Acadie Acadian Settlement on the Annapolis River 1707 Map Parks Canada
  5. Circa 1609 Map of Port Royal showing rivière du Dauphin. Map originally published in Canada: the Empire of the North by Agnes C. Laut
  6. Charles Trahan's translations adding land holdings to 1671 Census
  7. Statistics Canada defines an arpent as 0.845 acres. According to Clark (Clark, Andrew Hill, Acadia: The Geography of Early Nova Scotia to 1760. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968, p 87): "The arpent was a basic French unit of land measurement, both linear and areal, but its size at the time is uncertain. In length, 200 feet may be a rough equivalent for an arpent in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; it was later standardized to 192 feet. An areal arpent may have been something less than an acre (the usual equivalent was .845 acres) although it has been given the equivalent of as much as an acre and a half in some twentieth century definitions."
  8. In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  9. Massignon, Geneviève. "Les parlers français d'Acadie, enquête linguistique", Librairie Klincksieck, Paris, 1962, 2 tomes, p32 first French families in Acadia; 36, 67(Girouard family.
  10. William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  11. In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  12. His wife was a widow in the 1693 census
  • 1693 Acadian Census at Port-Royal: Jean AUCOIN (widow of Francois GIROUARD) 60, Julien LORD (son-in-law) 41, Charlotte GIROUD (wife) 33, Alexandre 17, Jacques 14, Pierre 12, Marie 6, Madeleine 1; 20 cattle, 40 sheep, 10 pigs, 20 arpents, 2 guns Acadian Census of 1693-Beaubassin

Acknowledgements



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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with François by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with François:

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Images: 13
François Girouard et Jeanne Aucoin
François Girouard et Jeanne Aucoin

Recensement de l'Acadie de 1671 Image 8
Recensement de l'Acadie de 1671 Image 8

Milton Girouard Image 2
Milton Girouard Image 2

Milton Girouard Image 3
Milton Girouard Image 3

Milton Girouard Image 14
Milton Girouard Image 14

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Collaboration

On 10 Jul 2018 at 13:36 GMT Jacqueline Girouard wrote:

Girouard-34 and Girouard-4507 appear to represent the same person because: unsourced unconnected profile can be safely merged.

On 16 Feb 2015 at 18:55 GMT John DeRoche wrote:

Why is the wife on this profile, shown as "private"?



François is 20 degrees from SJ Baty, 23 degrees from Orville Redenbacher and 19 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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