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Aquilino (Gomes Ribeiro) Ribeiro (1885 - 1963)

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Aquilino Ribeiro formerly Gomes Ribeiro
Born in Carregal de Tabosa, Sernancelhe, Viseu, Portugalmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugalmap
Profile last modified 30 Apr 2019 | Created 19 Jun 2018
This page has been accessed 102 times.
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Summary: Aquilino Gomes Ribeiro was originally meant to join the priesthood. Instead he became involved in the Portuguese Republican Party and later emerged as a diplomat and one of the great Portuguese novelists of the 20th century.

Aquilino Gomes Ribeiro was born on the 13th of September 1885 in Carregal de Tabosa, Portugal. He was the natural son of Joaquim Francisco Ribeiro, a priest, and Mariana do Rosário Gomes. Aquilino was baptized in the Church Matriz dos Alhais in Vila Nova de Paiva.

Aquilino was expelled from the seminary in 1904 and returned to Soutosa. He later left for Lisbon where he conspired against the liberal monarchy.


  • A via sinuosa (1918)
  • Terras do demo (1919)
  • Filhas da Babilônia (1920)
  • Andam faunos pelos bosques (1926)
  • O homem que matou o diabo (1930)
  • A batalha sem fim (1932)
  • As três mulheres de Sansão (1932)
  • Maria Benigna (1933)
  • Aventura maravilhosa (1936)
  • São Bonaboião:anacoreta e mártir (1937)
  • Mónica (1939)
  • O servo de Deus e a casa roubada (1941)
  • Volfrâmio (1943)
  • Lápides partidas (1945)
  • Caminhos errados (1947)
  • O arcanjo negro (1947)
  • Humildade gloriosa (1954)
  • A Casa Grande de Romarigães (1957)
  • Quando os lobos uivam (1958), in English: When the Wolves Howl, translated by Patricia McGowan Pinheiro (1963)
  • A mina de diamantes (1958)
  • Arcas encoiradas (1962)
  • Casa do escorpião (1963)

Research Notes

  • Serafina Martins, "Aquilino Ribeiro." The Camões Institute of Cooperation and Portuguese Language ( : accessed 30 Apr 2019), 1 pg (2019)
Aquilino was born on 13 Sep 1885 in the parish Carregal de Tabosa, county of Sernancelhe, district of Viseu in region Norte of Portugal. He was the son of Mariana do Rosário Gomes and Joaquim Francisco Ribeiro. Several of his novels record memories of his youth. He was both adventerous and later politically motivated.
Aquilino called himself a 'workman of the letters.' He worked 'tirelessly' until the day he died (27 May 1963). A few months before that he had traveled to Porto to be honored for his fifty years as a 'master' of literature.
Aquilino worked at one point with José Ferreira da Silva on a piece of fiction that also depicted republican propaganda and was critical of the monarchical regime. It was this passion that later landed him in jail. In 1907 he had boxes of explosives in his home which accidentally went off killing two coreligionists. He escaped and led a clandestine life for a while in Lisbon and then Paris. He enrolled in a Sorbonne Philosophy course where he learned from masters such as George Dumas and André Lalande.
While in Paris he met Grete Tiedemann, his first wife and the mother of his oldest son. In 1914 he was forced to move back to his family. Grete died in 1927. In 1932 Aquilino's exile had ended and he returned to Portugal. There he married Jerónima Dantas Machado, daughter of Bernardino Machado, the president of the Republic deposed by Sidónio Pais. Their only child was a son born 1930, outside of the country.
In 1958 criminal prosecutions were formed against him for being 'injurious to the institutions of power.'
  • Cruz, Duarte Ivo. Aquilino ou o teatro do romancista (PT: Fundacao Calouste Gulbenkian, May 1985), No. 85, p 69.
In a study of the theater of Aquilino Ribeiro, Taborda de Vasconcelos admits that it is defensible to classify Tombo in Hell and The Mantle of Our Lady as narratives in dialogue. But he then adds the specifically theatrical aspects of these two parts: the good achieved in every scene, the clear cut of action in their respective times, the relief attributed to the characters and physiognomies of the creatures that move in them, and above all else that is, the overabundance of the speeches of each, at one or other step, perhaps loosened, but generally as incisive as the dramatization of the environment demands it.
There were hardly any ripples of political instability about social persons in the early twentieth century. Discreet, indirect revelations were woven into the works to prevent editorial delays. Originally art criticism was written by José Figueiredo and Aquilino Ribeiro while Avelino de Almeida handled the theater reviews and Joaquim Manso and Júlio Brandão the literary portions. Around 1918 Atlantida went through many changes and redactions were printed giving credit to Pedro Bordalo Pinheiro (Technical Director), José Baptista (Editor) and Menezes ('Secretary of Wording').


  • [Interview transmitted on Radio Clube Português, under the heading "Profile of an Artist", July 16, 1957. Realization of Churches Caeiro. Vinyl Record Transcription (LP), Sassetti Edition / Music Guild]
  • Portugal. Assembly of the Republic. Ceremony of Tribute and Transfer of Aquilino Ribeiro to the National Pantheon: September 19, 2007 . Lisbon: Assembly of the Repulica, 2008.
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