Lucy (Goodvillage) Blowsnake
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Lucy Nąwazógᵋwįga (Goodvillage) Blowsnake (abt. 1848)

Lucy Nąwazógᵋwįga Blowsnake formerly Goodvillage
Born about in Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Daughter of [father unknown] and
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married about 1868 (to about 1916) in Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Died [date unknown] in Wisconsin, United Statesmap [uncertain]
Profile last modified | Created 19 Oct 2020
This page has been accessed 130 times.
Lucy was Ho-Chunk.

Contents

Biography

Birth

Lucy was born in 1848 in Wisconsin. (1900 census)

Name

The censuses give her Hocąk name as NauNaZoKaRiWinKah, a mistranscription of NauWaZoKaReWinKah, from , "tree, wood"; hawazók, "to be springy, spring-like; to bend by pulling, to bend by pushing (away from oneself), to bend something down or over; to push towards horizontal"; hare, "to swing"; -wį-, a feminine gender infix; -ga, a definite article suffix used in personal names. Her son Jasper's marriage record gives her name as Nowosogawinka, which is a phonetic variant of the same name, Nąwazógᵋwįga. The name means, "She (Swings) the Tree (Branch) by Bending it Over", akin to the well attested Thunderbird Clan name Nąnazógᵋwįga, "She who Bends the Tree Down". For Nąwazógᵋwįga, Lurie has "Bends the Boughs". (3, 113 nt 7) This name is more commonly a Bear Clan name referencing the practice of bears bending small trees or branches. However, this name also applies to large birds landing on springy tree branches. Since we know that Lucy was a member of the Eagle Clan (Lurie 5), it is this second image which the name references.

Her maiden name of "Goodvillage" was given in her daughter Stella's Social Security claim.

Lineage

"Goodvillage" is not a particularly common name. We find in the 1880 census a large Goodvillage clan living around their matriarch Mary Decorah. The census organizes them thus:

Mary Decorah (b. 1800)

John Goodvillage (b. 1822)
Shula (b. 1825)
Martha (b. 1847) m. John Rainbow (b. 1850)
Nauchinga {Nąjįga, "Strikes the Trees"} (b. 1853)
Julia (b. 1868)
Doctor Goodvillage (b. 1856) m. Mary (b. 1836)
Charles (b. 1867)
David (b. 1867)
Noola (b. 1869)
Edeo (b. 1872)
John (b. 1876)
Jane (b. 1878)

Lucy may have been the daughter of Mary Decorah Goodvillage, but John, or some other unlisted member of this clan, could also have been her father. Mary's age is probably slightly exaggerated.

Brothers

Some of Lucy's brothers who were living in Nebraska in the mid-1870s were mentioned by Mountain Wolf Woman (Lurie 2-3):

Good Village
Squeaking Wing
Captures the Lodge
Hágaga (Third Son)
Big Naǧi (Naǧixųnųga = Fourth Son)
Little Naǧi (Naǧixųnųnįka = Fifth Son)

Children

Lucy had the following children with Charles Blowsnake (Lurie):

Annie White Thunder Woman (Wakajaskawiga) (b. 1867)
Jasper Crashing Thunder Blowsnake (b. 1869)
Wīhą́gā (Bald ?) Eagle Woman (Caxšebᵋwiga)
Will Hénaga Strikes Standing Wojįną̄žįga Blowsnake (d. Dec 1899)
Sam Hágaga Hočą́gᵋxetega Blowsnake (b. 1874)
Aksígaga Third Daughter (died in infancy)
Stella Aksígaxų́nųnįka Xehacíwįga Mountain Wolf Woman Whitepine Stacy (b. Apr 1884)

Other Lucy Goodvillages

The Lucy married to David Goodvillage is a different person: her birthdate is 1855, and her Hocąk name is given as NiAhTahKiWinKah which is for Nį-ątágᵋwįga, "Still Water Woman", a well attested Waterspirit Clan name. (1910 census, #467)

Sources

  • 1880 Federal Census for Douglas, Marquette, Wisconsin; Roll: 1435; Page: 527A; Enumeration District: 219; Description: Douglas and Briggsville Village. Tenth Census of the United States, 1880. (NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1900 Federal Census for Wittenberg, Shawano, Wisconsin; Page: 24; Enumeration District: 0175 (Wittenberg Town, Wittenberg Village); FHL microfilm: 1241817. United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900. T623, 1854 rolls.
  • 1905 Indian census; Roll: M595_671; Line: 5. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1910 Indian census; Roll: M595_671; Line: 88; Agency: Wittenberg. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1910 Indian census; Roll: M595_671; Line: 467; Agency: Wittenberg. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1911 Indian census; Roll: M595_570; Line: 15; Agency: Tomah Indian Ind'l School. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • Iowa Marriage Records, 1880–1922; Iowa Department of Public Health; Des Moines, Iowa; Volume: 434 (Muscatine - Wright); Microfilm. Record Group 048. #12079, County of Woodbury, 14 January 1909. State Historical Society of Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa.
  • Social Security Applications and Claims, 1936-2007. For Stella Blowsnake Stacy.
  • Nancy O. Lurie (ed.), Mountain Wolf Woman, Sister of Crashing Thunder: The Autobiography of a Winnebago Indian (U. Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 1961).
  • Tom Jones, Michael Schmudlach, Matthew Daniel Mason, Amy Lonetree, and George A. Greendeer, People of the Big Voice: Photographs of Ho-Chunk Families by Charles Van Schaick, 1879-1942 (Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2011) 195, 197.


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Categories: Ho-Chunk