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Joseph Gould (1822 - 1910)

Joseph Gould
Born in Ducklington, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdommap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 12 Mar 1849 in Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdommap
Husband of — married 12 Nov 1860 in Kane, ILmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Sparta, Monroe, Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 13 Aug 2014
This page has been accessed 226 times.



Information from Secondary Sources

In Virginia Drew Watson's genealogy [1]shows Joseph Gould is shown as the father of "Sarah (Sade) Gould" who is Sarah Avis (Gould) Roberts on WikiTree. He was born 3 March 1822 in Ducklington, Oxfordshire, England. He married Esther Heasty Irwin in 1861 who gave birth to Sarah 9 January 1862. The source shows Sarah's birthdate as "1962", which is doubtless in error. Both his marriage to Esther and the birth of Sarah took place in Elgin, Illinois. Virginia Watson indicates that Joseph died 13 August 1910 in Sparta Wisconsin.

Stephen Hanson's copy of Virginia Watson's paper includes a sheet with an obituary of Joseph Gould. Steve Hanson shared photocopies of Watson's genealogy with his children. The obituary [2] indicates that Joseph Gould died at age 88 after having lived in Sparta, Wisconsion for 37 years. He died at the home of his daughter, Sarah (Gould) Roberts, Saturday 13 August (1910). He was born at Ducklington, Oxfordshire, England on 7 March 1822, where he grew up. He married Mrs. Emma Lardner in 1849 and brought his family to Illinois in 1854. His wife, Emma died in 1860. He remarried to Mrs. Esther Irwin. The family moved to Wisconsin in 1869 and to specifically to Sparta in 1873. His second wife, Esther died 3 April, 1883. He joined the Congretational church when he arrived in 1873 and became a deacon in 1887 until the end of his life. He was survived by four daughters in 1910:

1. Miss Anna Gould, living in Orange, California

2. Mrs. Alfred Webster, living in Baker, Montana

3. Mrs. Louise Webster, living in Angelo (Wisconsin, near Sparta) and

4. Mrs. Sarah Gould Roberts, of Sparta Wisconsin.

Neither source mentions his military service during the US Civil War. His family told of his having served in Sherman's Army in Tennessee until he became sick near Memphis in 1862. He was hospitalized for the rest of the War and "sent home to die," according to his granddaughter Esther (Roberts) Hanson . [3]

Information From Primary Sources

Oxfordshire church records show the baptism of a Joseph Goold born to Thomas and Jane Goold on 10 Mar 1822 in Ducklington with Hardwick. [4] It seems that 7 Mar 1822 is a possible birthdate, although if correct it would mean he was baptized, literally as a newborn.

English records show a marriage between a Joseph Gould and Emma Lardner 12 March 1849 in Oxfordshire. [5] The 1851 British Census shows Joseph and Emma Gould living in Ducklington, Oxfordshire with Lardner girls--step children to Joseph Gould--five and three years of age and too very small children Louisa--one year of age--and an infant girl, later identified as Jane. [6] His occupation is listed as fisherman. The family made passage between Liverpool and New York City arriving 19 September 1853. [7] This is consistent with arrival of the family in Illinois in 1854.

The 1860 Census found the family in Elgin Illinois. It included Joseph and Emma, as well as Joseph's step daughters, Gemima and Sarah age 15 and 11, respectively, and Joseph's three daughters, Louisa, Jane, and Anna age 10, 9, and 7, respectively. The Lardner girls had taken the name Gould. The Census was recorded 29 June, 1860. [8] Joseph Gould married Mrs. Esther Irwin Heasty, a Scotch Irish immigrant in Illinois in November 1860, just four months after the Census. [9]

They had a daughter named Sarah, who was born 9 January 1862. Joseph served with Union forces in the 127th Illinois Infantry Regiment during the US Civil War. [10] His record shows that he was left behind near Memphis, Tennessee because of illness, and spent most of the war in Washington, DC, He was released from service in 1865.

Sarah A. Gould is listed as the only child living with Joseph and Esther in 1870. [11] The family moved to Sparta, Wisconsin where Sarah married Stephen J. Roberts who was born in Sparta, the son of Welsh immigrants.

No information has been found yet to either support the death of Emma in 1860 or her life thereafter. None of Emma's daughters lived with Joseph and Esther in Wisconsin in 1870. For the Lardner girls, this is not necessarily surprising since Joseph Gould was not their father, and both were in their twenties. No further information has been found about Gemima Lardner. Sarah E Lardner married a farmer and lived in Washington State and later near Sparta. The Lardner girls were not mentioned in Joseph Gould's obituary, cited above. Louisa Gould had remained in Elgin, Illinois working as a domestic worker. She married Frank E. Webster in 1876. They lived in Angelo, Wisconsin, which is near Sparta. Anna Gould does not appear in the Census record after 1860. In 1870 she is shown still living in Elgin with a dentist named Truesdell and his wife. Her sister Jane Gould is also listed as part of the Truesdell household as a boarder and working at the watch factory. Anna, who was 17 in 1870 had changed her name to Truesdell, and appeared to have been adopted. Her sister Jane, who was calling herself Jennie or Jannie, had kept the name Gould. Jannie's age in 1870 (19 yrs.) identifies her as Jane Gould and not Gemima Lardner who would have been 25 years of age. Anna's adoption by the Truesdells is born out by her use of their name for the rest of her life, and her description as an adopted daughter in 1900. The Truesdells moved to Orange, California by 1880, which is where Anna spent the rest of her life. Jane married Alfred Webster, who was Frank Webster's brother. They also lived around Sparta. Joseph Gould's obituary is correct in its essentials. Joseph Gould's 1900 US Census record his immigration date at 1855. [12]


The 1860 Census for Elgin, Kane County, Illinois, records: [8]

  1. Joseph Gould, age 38, b. England; Laborer
  2. Emma Gould, age 37, b. England; Wife
  3. Gemima Gould, age 15, b. England; Serving at Home
  4. Sarah E. "Larner", age 11, b. England
  5. Louisa Gould, age 10, b. England
  6. Jane Gould, age 9, b. England
  7. Anna Gould, age 7, b. England

The 1880 census for Sparta, Monroe County, Wisconsin, records: [13]

  1. Joseph Gould, age 58, born in England; a farmer; both parents b. in England
  2. Esther Gould, his wife, age 57, born in Ireland; both parents b. in Ireland
  3. Sarah Gould, their daughter, age 18, born in Illinois; she was a store clerk and
  4. Martha Taylor, a dressmaker who was a boarder, age 18, born in Ireland.


  1. Watson, Virginia D. (1980). The Family of Stephen and Margaret Jones: a Personal Perspective.
  2. Obituary Joseph Gould. Undated (circa 1910). Unidentified Newspaper, Sparta, WI. Found in genealogical records kept by Stephen Hanson , Joseph Gould's great grandson.
  3. Personal Recollections of her son Steve Hanson to his son Chris Hanson on various occasions.
  4. Oxfordshire, England, Church of England Births and Baptisms, 1813-1915 Oxfordshire Family History Society; Oxford, Oxfordshire, England; Anglican Parish Registers; Reference Number: PAR90/1/R2/1 Lehi, UT, USA 2016. Available: June 6, 2019. Output: Name: Joseph Goold; Baptism Date: 10 Mar 1822; Baptism Place: Ducklington with Hardwick, Oxfordshire, England; Father: Thomas Goold; Mother: Jane Goold.
  5. "England Marriages, 1538–1973 ," database, FamilySearch ( : 10 February 2018), Joseph Gould and Emma Lardner, 12 Mar 1849; citing Saint Giles,Oxford,Oxford,England, reference , index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 887,487.
  6. "England and Wales Census, 1851," database with images, FamilySearch : 24 October 2017), Joseph Gould, Ducklington, Oxfordshire, England; citing Ducklington, Oxfordshire, England, p. 2, from "1851 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast ( : n.d.); citing PRO HO 107, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.
  7. New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957. Year: 1853; Arrival: New York, New York; Microfilm Serial: M237, 1820-1897; Microfilm Roll: Roll 131; Line: 36; List Number: 986. Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006.Original data - Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-1897; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M237, 675 rolls); Records of the U.S. Customs Service, R Edit Repository. Output: Name: Emma Gould; Arrival Date: 19 Sep 1853; Birth Date: abt 1823; Age: 30; Gender: Female; Ethnicity/ Nationality: English; Place of Origin: England; Port of Departure: Liverpool, England; Destination: United States of America.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "United States Census, 1860", database with images, FamilySearch ( : 13 December 2017), Joseph Gould, 1860.
  9. Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, 1763-1900 Illinois State Archives. Available: May 30, 2019. Output: Groom: GOULD, JOSEPH Bride: ERWIN, ESTHER Date: 1860-11-12 License No 3998 County: KANE.
  10. Illinois Civil War Muster and Descriptive Rolls Illinois State Archives, Compiled by Fred Delap in cooperation with the Illinois State Archives. Available:, 5/30/2019 Joseph Gould is found on the roster for the 127th Illinois Infantry Regiment, Company C.
  11. "United States Census, 1870," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 12 April 2016), Joseph Gould, Wisconsin, United States; citing p. 28, family 208, NARA microfilm publication M593 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 553,228.
  12. "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 31 May 2019), Joseph Ghould in household of Stephen Roberts, Sparta city Ward 2 & 4, Monroe, Wisconsin, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 108, sheet 15A, family 317, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,241,808.
  13. "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 23 August 2017), Esther Gould in entry for Joseph Gould, 1880; citing enumeration district ED 28, sheet 62A, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d), roll 1439; FHL microfilm 1,255,439.
  • "England and Wales Census, 1841," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 25 May 2019), Joseph Goold in household of Thomas Lee, Ducklington, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom; from "1841 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast ( : n.d.); citing PRO HO 107, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.

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