Richard Croshaw Graves

Richard Croshaw Graves (1734 - 1798)

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Richard Croshaw Graves
Born in Skimimo Plantation, Bruton Parish, York, Virginiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Son of and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Indian Fields Plantation, New Kent County, Virginiamap
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Richard Croshaw Graves was the 4th son of Ralph Graves II, Esq., and his 2nd wife, Elizabeth ______UNK. He was born in 1734 at his parents' home plantation of Skimimo, in Bruton Parish, near Williamsburg, in York County, Virginia. He was just a teenager when his father died in 1749. In his father's Will he inherited 900+ acres in New Kent County known as "Indian Fields". He made this his home plantation.

Richard Croshaw Graves married Elizabeth Valentine, b. ca. 1739 in York County, in early 1760. They had the following children:[1]

  1. Henry GRAVES b: Nov. 1760 in New Kent, Virginia
  2. William GRAVES b: ABT 1770 in New Kent, Virginia
  3. Richard GRAVES b: ABT 1772 in Staunton, Augusta, Virginia
  4. Joseph Croshaw GRAVES b: ABT 1774 in New Kent, Virginia
  5. Edmund Valentine GRAVES b: APR 1780 in New Kent, Virginia
  6. Polly GRAVES b: ABT 1782 in New Kent, Virginia
  7. Elizabeth GRAVES b: ABT 1784 in New Kent, Virginia

Richard Croshaw Graves and wife raised their family at Indian Fields in New Kent County, Virginia. It was said that his generosity led to some financial reverses, obliging him to sell 2/3 of the plantation for debts in about 1668 but he retained approximately 250 acres. In October 1680 the family suffered a personal tragedy when Richard's oldest son, Henry, died of smallpox just before his 21st birthday.[2]

Richard Croshaw Graves was an American patriot. He commanded the New Kent and Charles County militias during the American Revolution (1776-82). After the war, he returned to his beloved Indian Fields plantation and had a beautiful colonial Manor House constructed for his growing family between 1782-84. He died there in 1798. The property passed to his son, Colonel Richard Graves.

The Graves family retained possession of Indian Fields until 1863 when it was sold. The manor house, now known as "Spring Hill," has survived and in 2002 it was registered with the National Register of Historic Places. It is located on the Chickahominy River near Providence Forge, New Kent County, Virginia.[3]

Local legend has it that Thomas Jefferson spent the eve of his wedding to Martha Wayles Skelton at Indian Fields with his friend Richard C. Graves . The young lawyer was traveling from Williamsburg, where he was attending court sessions, to Martha's family home, "The Forest," located in Charles City County. He began his journey on Christmas Eve, and arrived at "The Forest" shortly after Christmas Day, 1771. He would have spent Christmas enroute with the Graves family. Jefferson applied for a marriage license on December 31, 1771 and the couple was married on New Year's Day, 1772.[4]


  1. Ripples & Waves Family Tree and Graves Family Association Website - See "Generation 6: Children of Ralph Graves"
  2. Spring Hill Final Nomination NRHP 2002, pg. 16, cites 17th Century documents
  3.,_Virginia) Spring Hill Wikipedia article]
  4. Thomas Jefferson: Statesman of Science, by Silvio A. Bedini (Macmillan Publishing Co.: New York, 1990), pg. 56.

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Images: 1
Spring Hill Manor House
Spring Hill Manor House


Richard Croshaw is 18 degrees from Claude Monet, 14 degrees from Gigi Tanksley and 17 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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