1880 (47) : Death of father Thomas GREEN (24 Oct).
1892 (59) : Death of mother Sarah Jane GREEN, née DOUGLASS (23 Feb).
1910 (76) : Death in Gosford, NSW.
Thomas GREEN was born on 15 January 1833 in the Lower Hawkesbury District, NSW.
Thomas was the oldest of 10 children of Thomas GREEN (1803-1880) and Sarah Jane DOUGLASS (1810-1892).
He married Sarah GREENTREE in 1854 and together they had 12 children (4 boys and 8 girls).
In 1885, Thomas GREEN is listed as landholder of a 290 acre property at “Fairviel” near Mangrove Creek, owning 7 horses, 25 cattle and 18 pigs. At that time, he is the only GREEN listed as holding property near Mangrove Creek.￼
A Thomas GREEN is listed in the 1891 Census as living at Mangrove Creek in a household together with two other males and six females.￼ A Thomas GREEN (this one?) is listed in the 1901 Census as living in Mangrove in a household together with one other male and one female.￼￼
Thomas was the grandson of William GREEN and Mary ROSE. Mary, was the daughter of Thomas and Jane Rose, one of the very first free settlers to arrive in Australia. Captain Arthur Phillip’s instructions on landing in January 1788 were to found a settlement and to cultivate the land using convict labour. Early food production by convict labour however was generally a failure and Phillip had realised by July that he needed experienced farmers. He wrote on 9th July 1788 to Evan Nepean, Under Secretary of the Home Department: ‘If fifty farmers were sent out with their families, they would do more in one year in rendering this colony independent of the mother country, as to provisions, than a thousand convicts.’ Finally, four years later, the British Government sent out a small group of settlers with their families, numbering fifteen.
Thomas and Jane Rose and their then family of four, Thomas, Mary, Joshua and Richard, were amoung this group who had sailed from England in the Bellona on 8 August 1792 and disembarked at Port Jackson on 16 Wednesday 16 January 1793. This family was the first family of free settlers to arrive in the colony, hence the area where their grants were made, became known as Liberty Plains. Thomas and Jane’s family increased by the births of John, Sarah and Henry in the intervening years. Within a week of their arrival, Thomas and Jane in accordance with their agreement with the British Government took up their grant of land of 120 acres at Liberty Plains on the right bank of the rivulet Powell’s Creek, and named it Hunter’s Hut. A further grant of 70 acres was made to them on 10 May 1798. The land however was poor and the crops were unpredictable in quantity and quality. In 1794, much better farming land was being opened up by Lieutenant-Governor Grose on the banks of the Hawkesbury River. By 1802, Thomas Rose had gone into partnership with his son-in-law William Green and had purchased a property on the Wilberforce Road, Laurel Farm which remained in the family for 110 years.￼
Thomas died in 1910 and is buried at the small St. Thomas' CofE Cemetery at Upper Mangrove, NSW. 
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↑ Thomas & Jane ROSE Genealogy: descendents of Thomas ROSE b.1754 and Jane TOPP b.1757), compiled by: the Thomas and Jane Rose Family Society, 18 Apr 2008, www.users.bigpond.com/rosefamilysociety/genealogy/genealogy.html
↑Transcript of the Parliamentary Return of Landholders 1885 (District: Windsor): Town [Mangrove Creek], from the NSW Legislative Assembly, Votes & Proceedings 1885 (2nd Session) Vol. 3 - Appendix 2. pp. 435 - 457.
↑ NSW Census 1891, Sub-District 35A of Gosford (Mangrove Creek area), Gosford, Northumberland.
↑ NSW Census 1901, Residents of Mangrove Creek and Table Lands, Gosford District, Northumberland.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Thomas by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Thomas: