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Fannie (Green Cloud) Decorah (abt. 1880)

Fannie "Nąnąžį́wįga" Decorah formerly Green Cloud
Born about [location unknown]
Daughter of and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married about 1898 in Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Wife of — married about 1905 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died [date unknown] [location unknown]
Profile last modified | Created 7 Feb 2020
This page has been accessed 376 times.
Fannie was Ho-Chunk.




Fannie was born about 1880, the daughter of Green Cloud.


The censuses give her Hocąk name as Na-na-zhee-win-kaw, which is for Nąnąžį́wįga, from , "tree"; nąžį́, "standing"; -wį-, a feminine gender infix; and -ga, a definite article suffix used in personal names. So the name means, "Standing Tree." This is probably an Upper Moiety name.


The 1922 census shows unambiguously that Henry Decorah had three wives simultaneously: Fannie (Green Cloud) Decorah, Mary S. Decorah and Louisa Decorah. In the censuses, all her children bear the surname "Decorah", except the last two who have the surname "Payer," indicating dual parentage. The 1922 census gives a nearly complete list of her children:

Sarah (Hīnū́gā) Decorah, b. 1899
Susie Decorah, b. 1906 (1910 census)
Agnes (Hīnū́gā) Decorah, b. 1908
Minnie Decorah, b. 1910
Ruth Payer, b. 1912
Henry Cloud Payer, b. 1915
Joseph Payer, b. 1916
Moses Payer, b. 1918

However, a land grant of property from Fannie's father Green Cloud lists two of these children with the surname "Payer". (Land Patent, 26-69-0002) The recipients of this inheritance were:

Samuel Thunderchief, jr.
Agnes Payer
Minnie Payer
Joseph Payer
Moses Payer
Harry Mason Blackhawk (son of Ruth Payer)
Susie Smith
Stacy Payer
Wilbert Backdeer
Benjamin Walker
Vincent Walker
LeRoy Walker
Elizabeth Jean Walker

It therefore transpires that all her children from Agnes on derived from an unidentified Payer, with whom she did not reside. Agnes, however, had a birth order name of Hīnū́gā, which is "First Daughter." Agnes' older sister Sarah was obviously the first daughter, which shows that Agnes was the first daughter of Payer, whereas Sarah was the only daughter Fannie had with Henry Decorah. Stacy Payer was the son of Lizzie Hawk and Barcley Payer.


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G  >  Green Cloud  |  D  >  Decorah  >  Fannie (Green Cloud) Decorah

Categories: Ho-Chunk