Thomas Greene

Thomas Greene (bef. 1610 - bef. 1652)

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Gov Thomas Greene
Born before in Bobbing, Kent, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Brother of
Husband of — married 1634 (to 1638) in St. Mary's, Province of Marylandmap
Husband of — married after 1638 (to 1650) in Province of Marylandmap
Descendants descendants
Died before in St Mary's County, Province of Marylandmap
Profile last modified 29 Sep 2019 | Created 21 Feb 2011 | Last significant change: 29 Sep 2019
15:16: Candice Cross edited the data for Thomas Greene (bef.1610-bef.1652). (Merged Greene-7226 into Greene-398: Clear duplicate.) [Thank Candice for this | 1 thank-you received]
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Thomas Greene was a US Southern Colonist.
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Thomas Greene migrated from England to Colonial America.
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BORN in England
BAPTIZED at Bobbing, Kent on 27 March 1609/10.[1][2]

FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: Thomas Greene of Bobbing, Kent County, England, who was created a Knight Bachelor of the Realm in 1622. MOTHER: Margaret, daughter of Thomas Webb of Frittenden. BROTHERS: Robert, Esq.; John; Jeremiah. MARRIED first, Ann Cox, who probably died in 1638. MARRIED second, in 1643 Millicent Browne [other sources dispute this]. MARRIED third, by 1647 Winifred Seyborn, widow of Nicholas Harvey. She subsequently married Robert Clarke (ca. 1611-1664). CHILDREN. SONS Thomas; Leonard Greene (?-1688), who married Ann; Robert, who married Mary, daughter of William Boreman/Boarman (ca. 1630-1709); and Francis.

EDUCATION: literate.


IMMIGRATED: as a free adult. 22 NOV 1633 TO 25 MAR 1634. On the "Ark" from Cowes, Isle of Wight, England to St. Marys County, Maryland.[3]

RESIDED: St Marys, St Mary's, Maryland--1637 [4]

PROPERTY: granted a large manor of 10,000 acres from Lord Baltimore. 1633/34--50 acres for each of his children (4). 1638--100 acres each for transporting 2 children, Thomas and Leonard Greene. 1644--100 acres right of his wife Winifred Seybourne for transporting herself into the province in 1638. 15 SEP 1647--2500 acres granted to his 3 sons who gave it the name of "Green's Inheritance".

SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: an original adventurer in founding of the colony; brought two servants with him on his arrival in Maryland; his wife [Winifred Seyborne] immigrated in 1638, and two of his children followed in 1644 [other sources dispute this]; he was a close friend of Leonard Calvert and Father Thomas Copley, a Jesuit priest; Gent., by 1637/38.

OCCUPATION: planter. LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Assembly, present 1637/38, special writ 1638/39, St. Mary's Hundred, St. Mary's County, 1640-1641, special writ 1641/42 (Aggrievances), St. Mary's Hundred, St. Mary's County, 1642A (Accounts; probably Laws), present 1642B (Laws); Upper House, 1646/47, 1649, 1650 (Laws 1; dismissed by the 2nd session). OTHER PROVINCIAL OFFICES: Council, 1644-1647, 1648-1650; justice, Provincial Court, 1644-1647, 1648-1650: Held the office of Second Provincial Governor appointed by Leonard Calvert on June 9, 1647, but he was never commissioned and was superseded by William Stone on August 6, 1648; acting governor, 1649.

STANDS ON PUBLIC/PRIVATE ISSUES: a strong supporter of the Jesuits against Lord Baltimore in first decade of settlement of the colony; he was accused of partiality as acting governor, 1648; as acting governor in October 1649, he proclaimed Charles Stuart the "undoubted rightfull heire" to the English throne; discharged from all offices on August 6, 1650, for usurping authority [5]

WILL: St Marys County, Maryland, Will abstract: written 18 Nov 1650 (Age: 41). After reserving a livelihood for himself, assigns to his friends Henry Adams & James Langworth entire estate, real & personal, for benefit of wife Winifred & children Thomas, Leonard, Robert & Francis. Test: Richd. Willan, Alice Smith. [6]

DEATH: Greens Rest Plantation, St Mary's, Maryland. Death would have been before 1651/52 Jan 20 which was estate probate.[7]

BURIAL: St. Mary's Chapel Cemetery, St. Mary's City, St. Mary's County, Maryland

Text from "The Maryland Semmes and Kindred Families"

THOMAS GREENE, one of the " twenty gentlemen of very good fashion " who sailed on the Ark and the second Provincial Governor of Maryland, was one of the most interesting characters of early Maryland and one whose history has been quite neglected. He had invested in the adventure to a minor extent, so consequently its success was of more than casual interest. He was always styled by Governor Leonard Calvert "my well beloved friend," but the tradition that he was a kinsman of Leonard Calvert has not been proved and he oft repeated statement that he married Helen, a daughter of George, Lord Baltimore, is merely a myth of genealogy. His brother, Robert Greene, Esq., emigrated to Maryland, but being the son and heir to the parental estates in England, he returned to the mother country, but before departing he assigned his land rights to his brother Thomas.

Governor Thomas Greene was a member of the Catholic faith, like most of the gentlemen on the Ark, a Royalist in politics, a supporter of the Stuart dynasty, and for his loyalty to the Crown he was castigated figuratively before his death by the radical elements which were then gaining strength in the Province—principally the Puritans who had been outlawed in Virginia and virtually driven out and to whom Lord Baltimore offered a haven in his Province.

His marriage to Mistress Ann Cox, a spinster, (Mistress in the 17th century was the title given to an unmarried woman of gentle birth who had acquired an estate and independent status. The statement that she was the widowed sister of Thomas Gerard is wholly unfounded.) who was among the few gentlewomen on the initial voyage of the Ark and the "Dove", was undoubtedly the first Christian marriage to have been celebrated on Maryland soil. She died within a few years, but was living as late as April, 1638. He married secondly Mistress Winifred Seybourne [Seaborne] who arrived in Maryland some time during 1638.

The mother of his children has been the subject of much discussion, but of the two younger sons there is no question of their being the issue of Winifred his last wife. When he applied for land rights on September 15, 1647, among the claims was " 100 acres more being the right of his wife Mrs. Winifred Seyborn for Transporting herself into the Province 1638." It is therefore proved that she emigrated and financed her passage in 1638. At the same time he proved rights for 50 acres each for his children "100 more for Transporting 2 children in the year 1644 vizt Thomas and Leonard Green." From the strict construction of the wording, there is no implication that Mistress Seyborne brought them over or was their mother. Mistress Seyborne came in 1638 and the boys came six years later. This point is important. They were less than 18 years of age in 1650 and they came out of England in 1644. There is no record of Thomas Greene returning to England, so the only inference that can be placed on the matter is that two older children were born in England and had at one time been sent to England, presumably for a year or two of schooling. [8]

Text from Wikipedia
Thomas Greene is the subject of an article which explains Norton connection: The Greene family of Maryland did not descend from the Green family of Norton's Green, but rather through the illegitimate child of Sir John Norton of Northwood, Sir Thomas Norton who took on the alias Greene; hence the descendants surname of Greene.[7] He was descended from Nicholas de Norton, who lived in the reign of King Stephen,[8] and was possessed of much land in the neighborhood of Norton and Faversham, as appeared by the chartulary of the monastery of St. Augustine.[8]

Governor Thomas Greene was the son of Sir Thomas Greene Of Bobbing Kent and Margaret Webb of Frittenden, Kent, England. Gov. Thomas had three brothers; Jerimiah Greene, John Greene, and the Hon. Robert Greene, Lord of Bobbing Manor who had joined his brother in Maryland for a time, but returned to England as the eldest son to inherit his father's property. Governor Greene's father, Sir Thomas, was created a Knight Bachelor of the Realm by King James I on 5 September 1622.[9][10] at Windsor Castle in Berkshire, England.

Sir Thomas Greene's father was Sir Robert Green of Bobbing Kent who married Frances Darrel, daughter of Thomas Darrel of Scotney. Sir Robert was the son of Sir Thomas Norton alias Greene and his wife Alice Heveningham, daughter of Sir George Heveningham. George, by his mother Alice Bruyn, was a first cousin of Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk.[11][12] Sir Thomas was the illegitimate child of Sir John Norton of Northwood through whom the family descended.[7] Between 1536 and 1541, Sir Thomas Norton Greene was granted royal favours by Henry VIII. During the dissolution of the monasteries the rectory at Bobbing Manor along with "all manors, messuages, glebe, tithes and hereditaments in the parishes and fields of Bobbing, Iwade, Halstow, and Newington" were granted to him by the King.[9]

The Diary of Father White, an account of what took place on the trip from England to MD shows that Thomas Greene m. Mrs. Ann Cox. It was said to be the first Christian marriage in Maryland.
Greene family historians do not claim that Governor Thomas Greene's father, Thomas Greene, married Helen Calvert.
Child of Thomas Greene and second wife Winifred is: Robert Greene, born ca. 1646 in St. Mary's County, Maryland; died Bef. May 12, 1716 in St. Mary's County, Maryland; married Mary Ann Boarman [Boreman, Borman] ca. 1679 in St. Mary's County, Maryland.
Thomas was the second Colonial Governor of Maryland between 1647-1649. He received over 14,000 acres in land patents. He was a member of the privy council, justice of the provincial court, and acting governor for William Stone. Thomas was married two times: [now DISPUTED: Elizabeth Calvert, sister of Leonard Calvert, 1st Colonial Governor of Maryland;] 1. Ann Gerrard widow of ___ Cox, sister of Thomas Gerrard; and 2. Winefred [possibly widow of] ___ Seybourne.


  1. Richardson's Royal Ancestry, Volume III, page 118 GREENE #20 (citation below)
  2. The Tyler Collection, The Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies; Kent, England, Tyler Index to Parish Registers, 1538-1874
  3. Russell, George Ely, and Donna Valley Russell, eds. "The Ark and the Dove Adventures." by The Society of The Ark and The Dove." Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2005. Pages 112-113.
  4. Maryland, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1772-1890 online at Operations Inc; 1999.
  5. Edward C. Papenfuse, et al. "A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789". 2 Vols. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979, 1985. Pages 373-4, 943.
  6. Maryland Calendar of Wills: v5, p235 (from Pat. Rec1,p188)
  7. Newman, Harry Wright. "The Maryland Seemes and Kindred Families: A Genealogical History of Marmaduke Semme (s), Gent., and His Descendants, Including the Allied Families of Greene, Simpson, Boarman, Matthews, Thompson, Middleton, and Neale. Baltimore, Maryland: The Maryland Historical Society, 1956. Page 137.
  8. Newman, Harry Wright. The Maryland Semmes and Kindred Families: A Genealogical History of Marmaduke Semme(s), Gent., and His Descendants, Including the Allied Families of Greene, Simpson, Boarman, Matthews, Thompson, Middleton, and Neale." Baltimore: The Maryland Historical Society, 1956. Page 134.

See Also:


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Magna Carta Project

Magna Carta trail
Thomas Greene is listed in Magna Carta Ancestry as a Gateway Ancestor, but is not currently in a trail to a Magna Carta Surety Baron that has been reviewed/approved by the Magna Carta project. See Base Camp for more information about Magna Carta trails. ~ Noland-165 07:52, 19 November 2018 (UTC)
Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Royal Ancestry series, 2nd edition, 4 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2011), Vol I, pp xxiii-xxix
In July 2019, Susan Gore joined the Magna Carta Project as Gateway Guardian for this profile. (See details about the role of Gateway Guardians and Trail Tenders here.)

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On 27 Sep 2019 at 14:55 GMT A Hayes wrote:

Greene-398 and Greene-7226 appear to represent the same person because: Two Governor Thomas Greenes -- location of birth, name of spouse Winifred, location of death within 3 months (will signing vs. will probate?)

On 30 Jun 2019 at 15:50 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

thanks Susan - I corrected the link in my comment & added FindAGrave to the "see also" list of sources.

On 30 Jun 2019 at 12:30 GMT Susan (Knight) Gore wrote:

Liz, that correct Find a Grave link is:

On 30 Jun 2019 at 00:40 GMT Susan (Knight) Gore wrote:

Perhaps this is the old cemetery that has been suggested as his burial place:

On 29 Jun 2019 at 21:17 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

thought it might be FindAGrave, but no - his memorial there says for burial: "Body lost or destroyed"

Find A Grave: Memorial #122272778 for Thomas Greene

update - memorial number corrected - thanks Susan!

On 29 Jun 2019 at 21:10 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

not his entry in Richardson's Royal Ancestry, volume III, pages 118-119 GRESLEY 19. Richardson has his death date as "shortly before 20 Jan. 1651/2" but no mention of where he died, much less where he was buried.

On 29 Jun 2019 at 20:43 GMT Susan (Knight) Gore wrote:

What is the documentation for this sentence:

"BURIAL: St. Mary's Chapel Cemetery, St. Mary's City, St. Mary's County, Maryland?'

On 28 Nov 2018 at 18:29 GMT Susan (Knight) Gore wrote:

I find no documentation for the 7 March date either. I think the date of birth should be changed to before 27 March 1610.

On 28 Nov 2018 at 17:54 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Richardson has baptism as 27 March 1609/10. I don't see support for the 7 March date. Is it a typo for the date of baptism?

On 26 Jul 2018 at 11:47 GMT Jim Baucom Jr. wrote:

22 Greens and 4 others have matching Y DNA at family tree DNA under Gov. F Green and wife Winifred Seybourne, including my cousin (kit 366009) a descendant of Cornelius Green b 1818TN d abt 1870 Morgan Co AL.

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Rejected matches › Thomas Greene (abt.1580-)Thomas Greene

Thomas is 20 degrees from Cari Starosta, 14 degrees from Marie-Antoinette d'Autriche and 9 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.