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Antoine Grignon (abt. 1815)

Antoine Grignon
Born about [location unknown]
Ancestors ancestors
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died [date unknown] [location unknown]
Profile last modified | Created 22 Sep 2019
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“Personally appeared before me [21 Sept. 1838] the Subscriber, a Notary Public in and for said County, Antoine Grignon, aged about twenty three years, who being duly sworn according to Law, doth depose and say that he is the son of Augustus Grignon and Man-au-tau-see — that his father was a White man and his mother a full blood Winnebago woman — that he resides at Prairie du Chien, and has done for the last six years. That immediately before he came here to reside, he had been called out in the Black Hawk war, by the Government of the United States, and that he took up arms in favor of his Country altho it was against the nation of Indians from which he had in part derived his birth — That during his six year residence at this place, he has been continually engaged among the Indians as Interpreter … That he expects to spend his life among the Indians and that he at all times intends to render them such services as may be in his power. That he was one of the Interpreters who accompanied the Indians to Washington and aided in making the Treaty with them which was consummated on the 1st November 1837—That for that service he received two thousand dollars …” (Waggoner, 30-31)


As he stated above, he had taken up arms against the Sauk Nation whence he was in part descended. The origin of this descent was remembered by Lurie's informants, who stated that Nąga, Antoine's grandfather, was of Sauk extraction. (Lurie, "Check List," ##2-3, p. 53)


Beginning in 1832, he became a resident of Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, which at that time was part of Michigan Territory. (Waggoner, 30)


  • Linda M. Waggoner (ed.), “Neither White Men Nor Indians: Affidavits from the Winnebago Mixed-blood Claim Commissions, Prairie Du Chien, Wisconsin, 1838-1839” (Roseville, Minnesota: Park Genealogical Books, 2002). Extracted from Territorial Papers of the United States, Wisconsin, 1836-1848. M236. “Special Files of the Office of Indian Affairs,” 1836- 46. “Special File 161” (Roll 41). “Special File 190” (Roll 42). National Archives, Washington D.C., Documents on Microfilm, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Record Group 75).
  • Nancy Oestreich Lurie, "A Check List of Treaty Signers by Clan Affiliation," Journal of the Wisconsin Indians Research Institute, 2, #1 (June, 1966): 50-73.

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