"We have all studied at the Bauhaus," states Newsweek (December 15, 1969). Walter Gropius founded the Bauhaus in Weimar in 1919. After 1925, he moved it to Dessau, where it made its most important contributions. Gropius was one of the architects who "led the character and ideals of American building onto another path," according to a publication by the Museum of Modern Art. The influence of the Bauhaus extended to the visual arts, including stage scenery, furniture, textile and industrial design.
Even before World War I, Gropius advocated the use of prefabricated construction elements. Like his colleague, Miles van der Rohe, Gropius taught his students to have regard for skill and craftsmanship. He adhered to his fundamental aim of "giving a soul to the lifeless product of the machine." As early as 1911, his Fagus factory in Alfeld attracted the attention of architects all over the world. His building for the Bauhaus in Dessau is considered a monument of modern architectural design.
In 1928, Gropius returned to Berlin as a independent architect and built a housing complex in the Siemensstadt settlement. In 1934, he emigrated to London. In 1937, he was appointed to teach at the School of Architecture of Harvard University. He served as Dean of the School of Architecture for many years until his retirement in 1952. In 1946, Gropius founded the Architects' Collaborative with his students. Until his death, he remained a member of the Collaborative, which worked strictly as a team both in carrying out work assignments and in sharing remuneration.
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