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Arthur Guinness was the creator of Guinness stout and the founder of the Guinness Brewery, St James' Gate.
Arthur's place of birth has been the subject of some question, or "family tradition." One often reported birth place is the home of his Read grandparents, at Huttonread, Co. Kildare, Ireland. It was then the custom for an expectant mother to return to her home to give birth.
At the time of his birth, Arthur's father was employed by the Rev. Dr Arthur Price, rector of Celbridge (later Archbishop of Cashel), as the Land Steward to his property. One of the Steward's responsibilities was to brew the beer for the workers at the estate near Cashel.
Arthur married Olivia Whitmore, daughter and co-heiress of William Whitmore, on the 14th June 1761 at St Mary, Dublin; they had at least twenty-one children, of which ten or twelve survived to adulthood:
Arthur probably learned about beer brewing by helping his father. Once on his own, Arthur started with a small brewery near Leixlip. He gifted that business to his younger brother, and on 31 December 1759, signed a lease on a floundering brewery at St James’s Gate in Dublin. By the 1770s, Arthur was brewing the new darker ale called porter. In the span of only eight years, he went from a new member of the Dublin Brewers and Maltsters Corporation to become Master of the Corporation. In 1799, he made the momentous decision to brew only the iconic Guinness porter.
Arthur was buried at Read family plot Oughterard, Co. Kildare.
He left a considerable fortune of £23,000, as well as the thriving business, and "a legacy and a name that would stand the test of time." Three of his sons continued the Guinness Brewery: Arthur, Benjamin, and William Lunell.
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