A 24-60 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.
B-517 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.
Rus 14-18 in The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766.
Family # 9 in the 1775 Grimm census.
Family #14 in the 1798 Grimm census.
Family #315 in the 1834 Grimm census.
Matthias Gula was born about 1725 in the Baden-Durlach of Germany. He married Magdalena Franz before 1748 and the couple had two children, Anna Maria Sophia, born 1749, and Johann Peter, born 1753.
Birth Record for Daughter Anna Maria Sophia
Birth Record for son Johann Peter
Birth Records for Additional Children
Georg Friedrich Gula
Many young husbands and fathers in that area had difficulty suppporting their families. Much of what is now in southern Germany had been ravaged by war and famine, and prospects for steady work and a steady income were not good.
In 1759, Danish King Frederick V invited Germans from Hessen and the Palantinate to help settle the area of Schleswig-Holstein, at that time under the control of the Danes. The king was interested in converting the marsh lands to arable farm land. Germans were known for their good farming skills and for being hard workers, so it seemed like a win-win situation both both Danes and Germans. Mattias and his wife Magdalena decided to take advantage of the opportunity to immigrate to Denmark with their family.
Matthias reported to immigration officials that he was a farmer from Baden-Durlach, an Evangelical Lutheran. His family, along with 100 others, departed from the processing center in Altona on 29 June 1761 and arrived in the City of Schleswig on 04 July 1761. He took his oath of allegiance to Denmark on 24 July 1761 and was considered a reserve colonist in Rendsburg. He was recorded as living at 26 Juels Hof in Colony G9 Christiansholm in the area of Gottorf.
The marshlands were very inhospitable to farmers. Although the Germans were good farmers with typical farm land, it was far more difficult to convert these former wetlands and grow crops. Most of the German immigrants barely reaped enough to feed their families, let alone to provide food for others in Denmark. When Catherine the Great invited Germans to immigrate to Russia, Matthias decided it offered him a better opportunity than what was available in Schleswig-Holstein. He departed for Russia on 01 May 1765.
I wasn't able to find his name in the Index to the 1767 Volga German colonies census reports, even though I checked miscellaneous possible spellings of the surname. The closest name I found was:
This seems to be a completely different person, however, with not only a variation of the surname spelling, but a different middle name and a different Volga German village named as his destination.
In the 1775 census, he is listed with his wife Magdalena and a 14-year-old son Jakob. If his two older children survived, then they were living in other households, possibly in different villages.
In the 1798 census, his surname appears to be spelled Gulau followed by a question mark, so it's unclear if this was the real, correct spelling of the surname, or just another iteration of it. Both he and his wife Magdalena, now identified with the surname of Franz, were still living, ages 76 and 78, which was quite a long life for those early Volga Germans who struggled to survive during their early years after immigration to Russia. His son Jakob had married Louisa Barbara Engelhard and the couple had three children: Johann Heinrich, Johann Jakob and Regina Rosina.
By the time of the 1834 census, only son Heinrich Gulau was listed in family #315, and he had passed away in 1825.
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