Judy Garland is considered one of the greatest entertainers of the twentieth century, best known for her role of "Dorothy" in "The Wizard of Oz".
Frances Ethel Gumm was born 10 June 1922 in Grand Rapids, Minnesota, the youngest daughter of Frank Gumm and Ethel Milne, Vaudeville performers who went by the names of Jack and Virginia Lee. While still young, the family moved to Los Angeles, California. She and her sisters worked as entertainers there, her own career starting at only 30 months old back in Grand Rapids, Minnesota. Frances' father Frank died when she was only 12, and her work in Hollywood was hard on her. At a mere 18 she was already in the care of a psychiatrist.
Judy was married several times. Despite the many marriages she had only three children, Liza Minelli, Lorna Luft, and Joseph Luft.
Judy's first husband David D Rose, married in 1941. They divorced three years later.
Judy next was wed to Vincente (Charles) Minelli June 27, 1945 in California. They divorced in 1951.
Judy married Michael S. Luft June 8, 1952 in San Benito, California.
Judy married Mark Herron November 14, 1965 in Clark County, Nevada. They were divorced August 1966.
Frances Ethel Gumm would one day become known around the world as Judy Garland following her appearance in the movie "Pigskin Parade", an actress, singer and performer whom Fred Astaire would describe as "the greatest entertainer who ever lived". She was renowned for her voice and perhaps best known for her role as Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz. Her career as an actress in musical and dramatic roles, as a recording artist, and on the concert stage would span more than 40 years.
Judy appeared in Vaudeville with her two sisters as The Gumm Sisters, until the time when she was signed to MGM as a teenager. It was during this time she made The Wizard of Oz, as well as more than two dozen films, including nine with Mickey Rooney.
Judy starred in over 35 films during her life and received numerous awards, including a Juvenile Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, several Grammys, and a special Tony Award. Posthumously, Judy was awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. The American Film Institute placed her among the ten greatest female stars in the history of American cinema. Despite pain and exhaustion, Judy would continue on, soaking in the adoration of her fans.
Judy passed away June 21, 1969 at 4 Cadogan Lane, Chelsea, London, England from an accidental barbiturate overdose. Her body was flown home and interred in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery.
↑ 2.02.12.22.32.42.5National Archives at College Park; College Park, Maryland, U.S.A.; NAI Number: 613857; Record Group Title: General Records of the Department of State; Record Group Number: Record Group 59; Series Number: Publication A1 5166; Box Number: 67; Box Description: 1969 CL - DK
↑ "United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XCFD-NMB : accessed 9 August 2018), Frances E Gumm in household of Frank A Gumm, Antelope, Los Angeles, California, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 799, sheet 10A, line 10, family 282, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 123; FHL microfilm 2,339,858.
↑ Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 9 August 2018), memorial page for Judy Garland (10 Jun 1922–22 Jun 1969), Find A Grave: Memorial #383, citing Hollywood Forever Cemetery, Hollywood, Los Angeles County, California, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .
"United States Census, 1940," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:K9CP-M3L : accessed 9 August 2018), Judy Garland in household of Ethel Garland, Councilmanic District 3, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Township, Los Angeles, California, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 60-219, sheet 5B, line 68, family 91, Sixteenth Census of the United States, 1940, NARA digital publication T627. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 2007, RG 29. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2012, roll 407.
"New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:24BN-H8H : 15 March 2018), Judy Garland Minnelli, 1951; citing Immigration, New York City, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).