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Marie (Guyart) de l'Incarnation (1599 - 1672)

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Marie de l'Incarnation formerly Guyart
Born in Tours, Touraine, Francemap
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Québec, Canada, Nouvelle-Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 30 Jun 2014
This page has been accessed 307 times.

Categories: France, Needs Profiles Created | Québec, Canada, Nouvelle-France | Ursulines de Nouvelle-France | Ursuline Sisters | French Immigrants to New France | Notables.


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Marie (Guyart) de l'Incarnation migrated from France to New France.
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Marie (Guyart) de l'Incarnation is Notable.

Marie de l'Incarnation was born Marie Guyart on 28 October 1599, baptized on the 29th in Tours (St-Saturnin)[1], France, the fourth of the eight children of Florent Guyart, a master baker, and his wife, Jeanne Michelet, a member of the minor aristocracy. At her father's direction, she married Claude Martin, a master silk worker, with whom she had a son, also named Claude, before her husband died, leaving her a widow at the age of 19. Martin left behind a struggling business that Marie was able to make profitable before selling it, and returning to her family home. Free to pursue her religious inclinations, she then took a vow of celibacy, while living with her parents and supporting herself and her son with embroidery. She entered the Ursulines convent on 25 January 1631 in Tours.

First superior of the Ursulines of Quebec.

Marie de I'Incarnation, foundress of the Ursuline Order in New France (1639), wrote: "We have observed that of a hundred that have passed through our hands we have scarcely civilized one. We find docility and intelligence in these girls but, when we are least expecting it, they clamber over our walls and go off to run with their kinsmen in the woods, finding more to please them there than in all the amenities of our French house."

1668 - The King of France wants the Metis? d-1746 savages children brought up in the French manner of life, in order to civilize them. It was noted the French have as many as 15-16 children whereas the Savages have 2-3 children.

1668 - Marie de I'lncarnation, mother superior of the Ursuline convent at Quebec wrote in regards to the women sent from France to marry colonists: From now on, we only want to ask for village girls who are as fit for work as men, experience having shown that those who are not raised [in the country] are not fit for the country. She also wrote this year We have Francized several young savage woman, both Huron and Algonquin, who we then married to Frenchmen and they are getting along very well together. There is one in particular who knows how to read and write perfectly, both in her native Huron and in French. No-one can tell her apart or be convinced that she was born a savage. For this purpose, Mgr our Prelate, has taken a great number of them, all dressed like French people and are taught to read and write as in France. Unfortunately they are not identified for obvious reasons.

In recognition of her passion and perseverance for the conversion of souls, regardless of their parentage, she was beatified by Pope John Paul II on June 22, 1980, as “Blessed Marie de l’Incarnation”.



  1. Fichier Origine 241985, baptism (clean image)

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No known carriers of Marie's ancestors' mitochondrial DNA have taken an mtDNA test.

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On 26 Aug 2018 at 23:34 GMT Anonymous Lambert wrote:

I don't know why there was inserted in what was the last paragraph unsubstantiated biased treatment. One source says of the Jesuits: "They struggled to some extent with the Japanese custom of daily baths, due not only to European beliefs at the time associating bathing with the danger of illness, but also because of religious or cultural associations drawn between dirt and lice and the monastic vow of poverty.'

Why would there be unsubstantiated mention in last par. that the Jesuits bathed only once a year?!

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