Magnus Lagabøte (Old Norse: Magnús Hákonarson, Norwegian: Magnus Håkonsson) was Norwegian king in the years 1263-1280. He was born in Tønsberg as the son of Hakon Håkonsson and Margrete Skulesdatter. He received royal name in 1257, was crowned in Bergen in 1261 and was the reigning king upon his father's death in 1263. He was married to Ingeborg Eriksdatter, daughter of Erik Plovpenning of Denmark. Together they had two sons, King Eirik Magnusson and King Hakon Magnusson. Knowledge of his reign are preserved in fragments of a separate saga about Magnus Lagabøte .
At the peace in Perth in 1266 King Magnus entered the farthest Norwegian Western Ocean islands. He retained Hebrides (Hebrides) and Man to the Scottish king against an annual cash fee (which by the way the Scots soon stopped paying).
Nicknamed Lagabøte (meaning the Law Improver ) coming of the great legislative work which was done in his reign. Landscape laws were together the work of the Land Act (as the first in the Nordic countries ). It was adopted on things in the period from 1274 to 1276 and formed also the basis for Magnus Lagabøte lovbok for Iceland .
Kjøpstad  "Township" urban and rural districts were also prepared by a joint bylaw. Aristocracy , national civil servants and continuation of their privileges and obligations carefully defined in Hirdskråen (depreciated Hird). The upper classes in his court, lendermen and skutilsveiner, European patterned titles baron and knight were formally accepted.
Archbishop Jon Raude opposed King Magnus would revise the ecclesiastical legislation, and prepared his own Christian right. A prolonged conflict between monarchy and church about church freedom ended with Sættargjerden Tonsberg in 1277 . Through this settlement secured Archbishop Jon Raude church a significant tax exemption and important jurisdiction privileges. The bishop had to return renounce the idea of the royal crown as a sovereign under St. Olav and the church's influence at the royal choice.
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↑ , spent about cities that had called township privileges, ie starters over the villages to trade or other livelihoods. All of the major west European urban growth in the 1100s total trade himself in the towns, and of absolutism was a matter of principle to lead the importation and exportation through buying locations (see the Circumference ). Kjøpstad privileges lapsed as trade was freed during the 1800s.
After a constitutional amendment in 1952, when the national division in parliamentary elections in particular kjøpstads- and rural areas was abolished, there was no longer any judicial significant difference between market towns and other cities (charging interests). The term township (and seaport) therefore went into disuse and was replaced by the word city . In 1958, before the general revision of the municipal division, there were 44 shopping destinations in Norway. See also municipality.