Hakon IV Håkonsson, (Old Norse: Hákon Hákonarson; Norwegian: Håkon Håkonsson) king from 1217 to 1263. He was allegedly illegitimate son of King Haakon Sverresson and Inga from Varteig. After his father's death in 1204, he claimed the so-called Baglersaga recognized by King Inge Bardsson as prince and nurtured by his court. By Inge's death Haakon was king of the Øreting assembly in 1217. The earl Skule Bårdsson , half-brother of King Inge, also had the right to inherit the throne and was Haakon's guardian.
His reign lasted for 46 years, longer than any Norwegian king since Harald I. Haakon was born into the troubled civil war era in Norway, but his reign eventually managed to put an end to the internal conflicts. At the start of his reign, during his youth, his later rival Earl Skule Bårdsson served as regent. As a king of the birkebeiner faction, Haakon defeated the uprising of the final bagler royal pretender, Sigurd Ribbung, in 1227. He put a definitive end to the civil war era when he had Skule Bårdsson killed in 1240, a year after he (Skule) had himself proclaimed king in opposition to Haakon. Haakon thereafter formally appointed his own son as his co-regent.
That same year Bagle King Philipdied , most baglerhøvdingene "followers" recognized Hakon as king, but some discontented traveled to other places (see Ribbung) and created turmoil at Uplands for several years, until their chief Knut earl surrendered in 1227. Hakon is depicted in a extensive saga of his own, Hakon saga, penned by Icelander Sturla Þórðarson, nephew of the great saga writer Snorre Sturlusson.
Haakon had two illegitimate children with his mistress Kanga the Young (who is only known by name) before 1225. They were: Sigurd (died 1252). Cecilia (died 1248). Married lendmann Gregorius Andresson, a nephew of the last bagler king Philip Simonsson in 1241. Widowed in 1246, she married Harald Olafsson, King of Mann and the Isles in 1248. They both drowned the same year on the return voyage to Great Britain.
Haakon married Margrete Skulesdatter on 25 May 1225, daughter of his rival Earl Skule Bårdsson. Their children were: Olav (born 1226). Died in infancy. Haakon the Young (1232–1257). Married Rikissa Birgersdotter, daughter of the Swedish statesman Earl Birger in 1251. He was appointed king and co-ruler by his father in 1240, but predeceased his father. Christina (1234–1262). Married Infante Philip of Castile, brother of Alfonso X of Castile in 1258. She died childless. Magnus VI of Norway (1238–1280). Married Ingeborg, daughter of Eric IV of Denmark in 1261. Was appointed king and co-ruler following the death of Haakon the Young. Succeeded his father as King of Norway following his father's death.
ds: "Hakon Håkonssøn legacy", in Soga 1968, pp. 240-249
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