Martha Eliza Harvel was born in North Carolina on June 4, 1808, a daughter of Squire James Harvell and Mary Money (Monnette). They came to Illinois and settled on a farm. They were well-to-do farmers, owning a large farm. They owned a large grove of sugar maples and when it was time to tap the trees, they would go to the grove and camp and make maple sugar. They would keep so many pounds of sugar for each member of the family for the year. They also gathered pecan and hazel nuts for the winter. Their farm was near the Bickmore farm and when she grew up, she married Isaac Motor Bickmore. They had seven children, four boys and three girls. They were John Jackson, born 1828; Mary Jane who married Jacob Abbott; Isaac Danford who married Ellen Oldham; Mary Ann who married William Hardy; Sarah Elizabeth who married Francis Gunnel; David Newman who married Elizbeth McArthur; and Daniel Marion who died as a young man. Isaac joined the LDS church several years before Martha did. They sold their farm and started with a company of saints to Utah. They joined the John B. Walker Company wagon train. Isaac died of cholera before reaching Utah. He was buried at Loup Fork, Nebraska. He was only ill a few hours. He and his mother died the same day, July 5, 1852. The wagon train arrived in Utah on 5 October 1852. Isaac's brothers and families were in the same company. It was the time of the gold rush in California. A number of the Bickmore's went on to California but Martha stayed in Utah with her family. She had one married daughter Mary Ann Hardy who came with her to Utah. Mary Ann's husband, William Hardy, was very kind to Martha and helped her a great deal. Martha's oldest son, John Jackson, never came to Utah. When they left Illinois, some of their relatives started out on the wagon train but turned back. John went back with them and his mother never saw him again. He joined the Confederate Army and fought in the Civil War. He was an officer when he was killed. Martha's son-in-law, James Abbott, was very good to her and her family. Martha was very efficient and could do all kinds of work, including carding, spinning and weaving cloth. She also colored it. She had a loom and her granddaughter, Martha Bickmore Shipley, remembered a dress she wove and colored for her. She could do all kinds of knitting such as stockings, mittens and gloves. He taught her granddaughter, Martha Bickmore to knit. Martha was a midwife and went out among all kinds of sickness and there weren't any doctors in the area in those days. As a mid-wife, she helped deliver many babies, traveling on horseback for each delivery. She always kept a hired girl to help her with her family. Martha married Timothy Parkinson on 4 June 1856 in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City, Utah. Timothy had two sons. Martha helped raise these sons. Martha's youngest son died as a young man, still in his teens. After their children were raised and married, they took a small boy in and raised him. He went by the name of Henry Parkinson. Martha co-owned and operated a dairy farm in Wellsville, Utah. She made butter and cheese, which she promptly stamped with the big letter, "P". She was a good Latter Day Saint who was generous with her time and money. Martha donated a portion of her farm to the town of Wellsville to be used as the Wellsville City Cemetery. She was buried in the cemetery she donated the land for. Marth died in Wellsville, Utah, where she had lived most of her life after coming to Utah. She is buried in the Wellsville Cemetery. [Source: Sketch of Martha Harvell Bickmore Parkinson by Martha Bickmore Shipley, a granddaughter. Pioneer Women of Faith and Fortitude, Vol. III, page 2301.]
From the Life History of Martha Harville
From the Life History of Martha Harville Bickmore Parkinson: "Martha joined the church while living on a farm near Indian Creek, Pottawattami, Iowa, where they lived for four years, moving there in about 1848. Her husband had joined the church 12 years previously. "While crossing the plains an epidemic of "Black Cholera" broke out among the saints and Isaac Bickmore and his mother, Margaret Dixon Bickmore, were afflicted with the dreaded disease. They both succumbed and died a few hours apart on 6 July 1852. There were both buried in the same grave at Loop Fork, Nebraska. Isaac's brothers and their families were in the same wagon train. It was at the time of the "Gold Rush" in California and those families went onto California. "When Isaac and Martha left Iowa, some of their brothers and sisters's families started with them for Utah but became discouraged and turned back. Martha's eldest son, John Jackson Bickmore, was one who turned back, and she never saw him again. "Martha had left Iowa with several wagons frull of her earthly possessions; with the help and aid of her son-in-law, Jacob Abbott, and her children and friends she was able to continue the journey on to Utah with the absence of her beloved husband Isaac. "In 1854, accompanied by families and friends who had braved the hardships of the plains from Iowa to Utah, the Bickmores moved once again to a place they helped colonize called Grantsville in Tooele County, UT. On the first morning of their arrival in Grantsville the Indians were so hostile that the pioneers were forced to build a fort and live in it for the first few years. They had only been in Grantsville six weeks when Martha's clost friend, Mary Haslam Parkinson, was shot and killed by the Indians. "After Mary's death, martha began dating her friend's widower, Timothy Parkinson, Sr. They were married in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City on Martha's forty-eighth birthday - 4 Jun 1856. Timothy had two teenage sons, Timothy Jr., and Henry Fieldi ng living with him; and Martha had two teenage children, Sarah Elizabeth and David Newman, living at home with her. The marriage brought the two families together under one common roof."
https://www.myheritage.com/ Birth: June 4 1808 Kainey, Cumberland County, North Carolina Death: Oct 26 1883 Wellsville, Cache, Utah, USA
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