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Fritz Haber (1868 - 1934)

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Fritz Haber
Born in Breslau, Prussia (now Wrocław, Poland)map
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married 1901 [location unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Basel, Switzerlandmap
Profile manager: Susan Keil private message [send private message]
Profile last modified 20 Sep 2019 | Created 8 Jan 2019
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Fritz Haber was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber–Bosch process, a method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas. This invention is of importance for the large-scale synthesis of fertilizers and explosives. The food production for half the world's current population involves this method for producing nitrogen fertilizers. Haber, along with Max Born, proposed the Born–Haber cycle as a method for evaluating the lattice energy of an ionic solid.

Haber is also considered the "father of chemical warfare" for his years of pioneering work developing and weaponizing chlorine and other poisonous gases during World War I, especially his actions during the Second Battle of Ypres.


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Categories: Weapon Inventors | Inventors | Chemists | Germany, Notables | Notables