Leopold I Habsburg

Leopold Ignaz Joseph Balthasar Felician Habsburg (1640 - 1705)

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Leopold Ignaz Joseph Balthasar Felician (Leopold I) "Holy Roman Emperor" Habsburg
Born in Wien, Österreichmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Husband of — married (to ) in Graz Cathedral, Graz, Austriamap
Husband of — married (to ) in Passau, Lower Bavaria, Germanymap
Descendants descendants
Died in Wien, Österreichmap
Profile last modified | Created 17 Aug 2012
This page has been accessed 945 times.

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Leopold I (name in full: Leopold Ignaz Joseph Balthasar Felician; Hungarian: I. Lipót; 9 June 1640 – 5 May 1705) was Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia and King of Bohemia.

The second son of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, by his first wife, Maria Anna of Spain, Leopold became heir apparent in 1654 by the death of his elder brother Ferdinand IV. Elected Holy Roman Emperor in 1658, Leopold would rule as such until his death in 1705.

Leopold's reign is known for the conflicts with the Ottoman Empire in the east, and the rivalry with Louis XIV, a contemporary and first cousin, in the west.

After more than a decade of warfare, Leopold emerged victorious from the Great Turkish War thanks to military talents of Prince Eugene of Savoy. By the Treaty of Karlowitz, Leopold recovered almost all of the Kingdom of Hungary which had fallen under the Turkish yoke in the years after the 1526 Battle of Mohács.

Leopold fought three wars against France – the Dutch War, the Nine Years' War, and the War of the Spanish Succession. In this last, Leopold sought to give his younger son the entire Spanish inheritance, disregarding the late Spanish king's will. To this end, he started a war which soon engulfed much of Europe. The early years of the war went fairly well for Austria, with victories at Schellenberg and Blenheim. But this was a stubborn war that would drag on till 1714, nine years after Leopold's death which, in truth, barely had an effect on the warring nations of Europe. When Peace returned at the end of it all, Austria could not be said to have emerged as triumphant as it did from the war against the Turks.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Leopold I by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA test-takers in his direct paternal line. Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line:

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Images: 1
Leopold I Image 1
Leopold I Image 1


On 14 Mar 2017 at 11:02 GMT Isabelle Rassinot wrote:

Of Austria-15 and Habsburg-30 appear to represent the same person because: "unnamed father" was originally set as father of Maria Antonia Habsburg (1669-1692) and husband of Eleonore von Neubourg, making him the same person as Habsburg-30 (Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I Habsburg). Antonia's mother is really Margarita Teresa of Spain, but still Of Austria-15 and Habsburg-30 should probably be merged.

On 25 Aug 2015 at 15:03 GMT Hermann Hartenthaler wrote:

He was married 3 times, but two of his wifes here are identical (Pfalz-4 = Julich-9) and one is missing: his second grade cousin "Claudia Felizitas von Österreich-Tirol (1653–1676)".

On 27 Sep 2014 at 23:06 GMT N (Sweet) S wrote:

Habsburg-30 and Hapsburg-57 appear to represent the same person because: These two people are one and the same.

Leopold I is 27 degrees from Rosa Parks, 21 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 7 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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