Maria Theresa of Spain (Spanish: María Teresa; French: Marie-Thérèse; 10 September 1638 – 30 July 1683) was Queen of France and Navarre as the first wife of King Louis XIV. Born an Infanta of Spain at the Royal Monastery of El Escorial, she was the daughter of King Philip IV, and his wife Elisabeth of France, who died when Maria Theresa was six years old. As a member of the House of Habsburg, Maria Theresa was entitled to use the title Archduchess of Austria.
Maria Theresa and the French king Louis XIV were double first cousins: Louis XIV's father was Louis XIII of France, who was the brother of Maria Theresa's mother, while her father was brother to Anne of Austria, Louis XIV's mother. On 9 June 1660, the marriage took place in Saint-Jean-de-Luz at the recently rebuilt church of Saint Jean the Baptist.
Maria Theresa fell ill and died a painful death on 30 July 1683, at Versailles. Of her six children, only one survived her, Louis, le Grand Dauphin, the oldest one, who died in 1711.
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