||Marie-Antoinette (Habsburg-Lothringen) d'Autriche was a member of aristocracy in Europe.|
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On 2 November 1755, Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna Habsburg-Lorraine was born at Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria, the youngest daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. Though she loved her mother–who referred to her as "the little Madame Antoine"–they had a difficult relationship. She was raised together with her sister, Maria Carolina under the care of their governess, Countess von Brandeis.
She met Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart at Schönbrunn, the imperial summer residence in Vienna, where she spent her time when she was not living at Hofburg Palace. She was not an academic; she could not correctly write German, French or Italian at age 10, though she became a good musician of such instruments like the harp, harpsichord, and flute under the tutelage of Christoph Willibald Gluck.
Following an end to hostilities between Empress Maria Theresa and King Louis XV of France, Louis requested Marie Antoinette's hand in marriage for his son and heir Louis-Auguste, Dauphin of France on 7 February 1770. After renouncing her rights to the domains of the Habsburgs, Marie Antoinette and Louis-Auguste were married by proxy on 19 April. She met her husband for the first time at the edge of the Forest of Compiègne on 14 May and adopted the French version of her name–Marie Antoinette–upon her arrival in France. On 16 May 1770, at the Palace of Versailles, a ceremonial wedding between Marie Antoinette and Louis-Auguste took place. There was a mixed reception to the marriage by the French people. Though Marie Antoinette was well-liked and her initial appearance was considered a success, she had a difficult relationship with those opposed to the alliance with Austria.
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