||Marie (Habsburg-Lothringen) d'Autriche is a member of royalty, nobility or aristocracy in Europe.|
Join: European Royals and Aristocrats 1500-Present Project
Marie Antoinette was born in Vienna, Austria in 1755. He father was Francis I, the Holy Roman Emperor. Her mother was Maria Theresa the ruler of the Habsburg Empire. Together they formed the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. 
To cement an alliance between the Habsburgs and France, her family arranged a marriage between Marie Antoinette and the future King of France – Louis XVI. Marie was married aged just 15, having never met her future husband. The lavish marriage ceremony took place in Versailles with over 5,000 guests. Many people were impressed by Marie’s physical beauty and deportment; she charmed many people. 
But, it was a difficult transition for Marie. Aged just 15 she was thrust into the French court with few friends and little knowledge of French life. She had a difficult relationship with Louis XVI; the two spent much time apart. Louis appeared to have little interest in sleeping with his wife; he was more interested in outdoor pursuits metalwork and was considered to have a streak of immaturity. Marie Antoinette had the added difficulty of being Austrian; many in the French court were suspicious because of her foreign roots. She was labeled with many insulting names because they questioned her loyalty. 
With little official duties, Marie Antoinette spent her days socialising in the palatial surroundings of Versailles. She came to develop extravagant and indulgent tastes. It was expected that as French Queen she would lead fashion and spend the most on clothes. But, in addition to her dress, she also spent increasing amounts on gambling. While Marie enjoyed a life of pleasure and indulgence at court, French society was beginning to strain under the pressure of debt and economic stagnation. 
In 1778, Marie finally became pregnant after her marriage was finally consummated. She had a baby daughter after a difficult birth. Three years later, in 1781, she gave birth to Louis Joseph Xavier François, who bore the title Dauphin of France. In 1785, she gave birth to a second son, Louis Charles. But, despite providing two male heirs, her popularity continued to fall. Some whispered that her second son was illegitimate – his birth coinciding with a visit from a suspected lover 9 months previously. 
Deteriorating economic conditions caused a popular uprising in France. In October 1789 a mob entered Versailles and the Royal Family were imprisoned in the Tuileries. This led to the formation of the National Assembly – placing power in the hands of the French people and expressing high ideals of liberty, egalite and fraternity. It was a shock the whole of Europe. The privilege of centuries was being swept away. Rightly or wrongly, Marie came to symbolise the decadence of aristocratic privilege. 
During the French Revolution there is a story attributed to her without any evidence. History researchers also disagree upon whether she came the comment. “On hearing there was no bread, she is reported to have said ‘Let them eat cake”. 
In June 1791, they attempted to escape – Louis XVI and Marie headed for the Austrian border. This attempted flight from France made many fear that the Royal family were no longer loyal to the French government; it lost the Royal family even more popular support; some feared that Marie was seeking an alliance with the Austrian army. In 1792, to test the Royal Family’s loyalty France declared war on Austria. The French army was defeated and Marie became a convenient scapegoat. The family were imprisoned at the Temple Prison from September 1792. In July 1793, her son was taken away, and in October, when Marie was 37 years old, she was convicted of treason and executed by the guillotine. 
1755 nov 2 born Hofburg Palace Vienna, Austria
1770 may 16 official ceremony
Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.
On 3 Jan 2017 at 00:46 GMT Ken Wise wrote:
On 27 Dec 2016 at 18:17 GMT Cynthia (Edgemon) Rushing wrote:
Marie is 22 degrees from Abby Glann, 18 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 28 degrees from Martin Luther King and 8 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.