Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna (Habsburg-Lothringen) d'Autriche

Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna (Habsburg-Lothringen) d'Autriche (1755 - 1793)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna (Marie) "Marie-Antoinette, Reine de France et de Navarre" d'Autriche formerly Habsburg-Lothringen aka de Habsbourg-Lorraine
Born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austriamap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married in chapel of Louis XIV, Versaille, FRmap
Died in Temple Prison, Place de la Révolution, Paris, Francemap
Habsburg-Lothringen-1 created 22 Jul 2014 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 2,268 times.

Categories: House of Bourbon | This Day In History October 16 | Habsburg-Lothringen | 18th Century | Notables.


Notables
Marie (Habsburg-Lothringen) d'Autriche is notable.
Join: Notables Project
Discuss: notables
European Aristocracy
Marie (Habsburg-Lothringen) d'Autriche is a member of royalty, nobility or aristocracy in Europe.
Join: European Royals and Aristocrats 1500-Present Project
Discuss: euroaristo

Contents

Biography

Marie Antoinette was born in Vienna, Austria in 1755. He father was Francis I, the Holy Roman Emperor. Her mother was Maria Theresa the ruler of the Habsburg Empire. Together they formed the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. [1]

To cement an alliance between the Habsburgs and France, her family arranged a marriage between Marie Antoinette and the future King of France – Louis XVI. Marie was married aged just 15, having never met her future husband. The lavish marriage ceremony took place in Versailles with over 5,000 guests. Many people were impressed by Marie’s physical beauty and deportment; she charmed many people. [1]

But, it was a difficult transition for Marie. Aged just 15 she was thrust into the French court with few friends and little knowledge of French life. She had a difficult relationship with Louis XVI; the two spent much time apart. Louis appeared to have little interest in sleeping with his wife; he was more interested in outdoor pursuits metalwork and was considered to have a streak of immaturity. Marie Antoinette had the added difficulty of being Austrian; many in the French court were suspicious because of her foreign roots. She was labeled with many insulting names because they questioned her loyalty. [1]

With little official duties, Marie Antoinette spent her days socialising in the palatial surroundings of Versailles. She came to develop extravagant and indulgent tastes. It was expected that as French Queen she would lead fashion and spend the most on clothes. But, in addition to her dress, she also spent increasing amounts on gambling. While Marie enjoyed a life of pleasure and indulgence at court, French society was beginning to strain under the pressure of debt and economic stagnation. [1]

In 1778, Marie finally became pregnant after her marriage was finally consummated. She had a baby daughter after a difficult birth. Three years later, in 1781, she gave birth to Louis Joseph Xavier François, who bore the title Dauphin of France. In 1785, she gave birth to a second son, Louis Charles. But, despite providing two male heirs, her popularity continued to fall. Some whispered that her second son was illegitimate – his birth coinciding with a visit from a suspected lover 9 months previously. [1]

Deteriorating economic conditions caused a popular uprising in France. In October 1789 a mob entered Versailles and the Royal Family were imprisoned in the Tuileries. This led to the formation of the National Assembly – placing power in the hands of the French people and expressing high ideals of liberty, egalite and fraternity. It was a shock the whole of Europe. The privilege of centuries was being swept away. Rightly or wrongly, Marie came to symbolise the decadence of aristocratic privilege. [1]

During the French Revolution there is a story attributed to her without any evidence. History researchers also disagree upon whether she came the comment. “On hearing there was no bread, she is reported to have said ‘Let them eat cake”. [1]

In June 1791, they attempted to escape – Louis XVI and Marie headed for the Austrian border. This attempted flight from France made many fear that the Royal family were no longer loyal to the French government; it lost the Royal family even more popular support; some feared that Marie was seeking an alliance with the Austrian army. In 1792, to test the Royal Family’s loyalty France declared war on Austria. The French army was defeated and Marie became a convenient scapegoat. The family were imprisoned at the Temple Prison from September 1792. In July 1793, her son was taken away, and in October, when Marie was 37 years old, she was convicted of treason and executed by the guillotine. [1]

Birth Name: Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna von Hapsburg-Lothrigen[2][3]
Nicknames: Antonia; [2][4] Madame Deficit;[5] Prisoner 280
Rechristened: 21 Apr 1770 Marie Antoinette[2][6][7]

1755 nov 2 born Hofburg Palace Vienna, Austria[citation needed]

1770 apr 19 married Louis Auguste, Dauphin de France. Later Louis XVI, Roi de France (23 Aug 1754 – 21 Jan 1793) [2][8][9]

1770 may 16 official ceremony[2]

1793 oct 16 12:15pm passed away in Paris at age 38 executed by Henri Sanson[2][10]

Burial: Mass grave. Cimetiere Madeleine[2][11]
Exhumed: 15 Jan 1815 [2]
Reburial: 21 Jan 1815 Saint-Denis[2]
Burial Saint Denis Basilique, Saint-Denis, Departement de Seine-Saint-Denis Île-de-France, France[12]

Issue


Lover

Count Axel von Fersen[2][15]
Note: Anses ha varit Axel von Fersens älskarinna[16]

Occupation

Erzherzogin von Österreich[17]
Prisoner 280 at La Conciergerie[2][18]

Links

Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 http://www.biographyonline.net/royalty/marie-antoinette.html (Cynthia Edgemon Rushing)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 Carroll, Leslie (2010). Notorious Royal Marriages: A Juicy Journey Through Nine Centuries of Dynasty, Destiny, and Desire. London: Penguin Books. pp.267. Print
  3. Marie-Antoinette Josèphe Jeanne de Habsbourg-Lorraine
  4. Used by childhood family.
  5. Used by the people of France
  6. Marie was not allowed to keep her birth name once she was married to Louis by proxy.
  7. Marie Antoinette Drotting av Frankrike
  8. Later Roi de France
  9. m. by proxy conducted by Archbishop of Rheims
  10. Age 38; Executioner: Henri Sanson
  11. Wikipedia: Madeleine Cemetery
  12. Marie Antoinette Find A Grave Memorial #2230. Retrieved 27 sep.
  13. Marie Antoinette went into labor on 18 Dec 1778
  14. Eldest son of Louis' youngest bros. Comte d'Artois
  15. Warnes, Kathy. A love story for Valentine's Day: Marie Antoinette and Axel von Fersen. History: Because it's here.
  16. Drottning av Frankrike-1. Forsstrom och Eriksson Wikitree.GED on Jul 16, 2011 by Torbjörn Forsström.
  17. Drottning av Frankrike-1. Forsstrom och Eriksson Wikitree.GED on Jul 16, 2011 by Torbjörn Forsström. User: 4834D397-08AF-47D2-AD3F-EAFE19C299EA. Record: MH:IF2003
  18. Prison in Paris

Research Notes

  • Imported Wikitree.GED [19]
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 http://www.biographyonline.net/royalty/marie-antoinette.html (Cynthia Edgemon Rushing)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 Carroll, Leslie (2010). Notorious Royal Marriages: A Juicy Journey Through Nine Centuries of Dynasty, Destiny, and Desire. London: Penguin Books. pp.267. Print
  3. Marie-Antoinette Josèphe Jeanne de Habsbourg-Lorraine
  4. Used by childhood family.
  5. Used by the people of France
  6. Marie was not allowed to keep her birth name once she was married to Louis by proxy.
  7. Marie Antoinette Drotting av Frankrike
  8. Later Roi de France
  9. m. by proxy conducted by Archbishop of Rheims
  10. Age 38; Executioner: Henri Sanson
  11. Wikipedia: Madeleine Cemetery
  12. Marie Antoinette Find A Grave Memorial #2230. Retrieved 27 sep.
  13. Marie Antoinette went into labor on 18 Dec 1778
  14. Eldest son of Louis' youngest bros. Comte d'Artois
  15. Warnes, Kathy. A love story for Valentine's Day: Marie Antoinette and Axel von Fersen. History: Because it's here.
  16. Drottning av Frankrike-1. Forsstrom och Eriksson Wikitree.GED on Jul 16, 2011 by Torbjörn Forsström.
  17. Drottning av Frankrike-1. Forsstrom och Eriksson Wikitree.GED on Jul 16, 2011 by Torbjörn Forsström. User: 4834D397-08AF-47D2-AD3F-EAFE19C299EA. Record: MH:IF2003
  18. Prison in Paris
  19. Jul 16, 2011 by Torbjörn Forsström.


More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored by MyHeritage




Search
Searching for someone else?
First: Last:

Do you have a GEDCOM? Login to have every name in your tree searched. It's free (like everything on WikiTree).




Sponsored by MyHeritage


DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Marie by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.



Images: 2
Marie Antoinette Habsburg-Lothringen Image 1
Marie Antoinette Habsburg-Lothringen Image 1

Marie Antoinette with the rose.
Marie Antoinette with the rose.

Collaboration

On 3 Jan 2017 at 00:46 GMT Ken Wise wrote:

Could you please merge Antoinette-7 into this profile, please? They are the same person. Thabk You.

On 27 Dec 2016 at 18:17 GMT Cynthia (Edgemon) Rushing wrote:

Antoinette-7 and Habsburg-Lothringen-1 appear to represent the same person because: Clear duplicate. Antoinette-7 was created when Marie Antoinette did not show up in any searches.



Marie is 21 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 20 degrees from Liz Shifflett, 8 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor and 32 degrees from Saint Pope John Paul II Wojtyla on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

H  >  Habsburg-Lothringen  |  D  >  d'Autriche  >  Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna (Habsburg-Lothringen) d'Autriche