Margaret (Hains) Hammond

Margaret (Hains) Hammond (abt. 1752 - abt. 1835)

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Margaret Hammond formerly Hains aka Teller
Born about in Rye, Westchester, New Yorkmap
Ancestors ancestors
Sister of
Wife of — married about 1769 in Van Cortlandt Manor, Westchester, New Yorkmap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Cortlandt, Westchester, New Yorkmap
Profile last modified 27 Dec 2019 | Created 29 Jul 2018
This page has been accessed 161 times.

Genealogically Defined

Contents

Biography

Early Life

Margaret was born about 1752 to Solomon Haines and Eunice Briggs in Rye, Westchester County, New York.[1][2][3]

Budd's Neck in the Town of Rye, New York.

Margaret's grandfather Godfrey Hains came over from Germany about 1700, and settled on the lower part of Budd's Neck in Rye, Westchester County, New York. He was a rope-maker by trade, like many of his descendants, whose 'topr-walks' were numerous in that part of the town. Solomon Hains had land on Budd's neck about 1739. Her first cousin Godfrey Hains was an active loyalist during the Revolution who was arrested on many occasions.[4]

Margaret's relationship to her father and mother are provided through their wills. Her father Solomon's will was proved on May 12, 1781 [2] and he names his three daughters and names Margaret's husband "Peter Talor" as executor of the estate. Her mother Eunice died in 1798 and her will was proved on December 18, 1798. She names her daughters Margaret and Sarah.[3]

At the start of the American Revolution, the county of Westchester was the richest and most populous of the rural counties of New York. By war’s end, most of the county, especially a twenty-mile-wide region labeled the neutral ground, would be totally devastated. Farms were abandoned and entire communities became ghost towns. Roads were vacant of traffic. Bridges destroyed and left in ruins. Most of the county’s residents eventually fled the carnage. Those who remained witnessed frequent clash of arms between British and American troops stationed in and around the borders of the county; dragoon horsemen and light infantry who left their posts to forage and gather information on their enemy’s movements.[5][6] Like many families in the American Revolution, the Hains family had members who were patriots and members who were loyalist.

Family

Margaret married Pierre Teller sometime before the birth of their oldest twin daughters, Eunice[7] and Miriam[8] Margaret Hains and Pierre Teller are named as the parents in the baptism record of their son Pierre in 1782.[9] They likely married at the Cortlandtown church in the northern part of Westchester county. Margaret's sister Sarah married Pierre's brother John Teller and they had a son named Solomon Hains Teller baptized at the church in Cortlandtown.[10]

Margaret's husband Pierre enlisted as a private in the Third Regiment of the Westchester County Militia in 1776. The leaders of his regiment were Colonel Pierre Van Cortlandt and Colonel Samuel Drake.[11]

View of Croton Point

Following the fall of 1776, after the British had successfully routed the American forces from New York City, the Hudson Valley was largely divided between north and south for much of the war. In the south were the British, operating out of New York City and maintaining posts at Kingsbridge, Morrisania, and Westchester. In the north were the Americans, operating from Peekskill and maintaining posts from the Croton River across to the Long Island Sound. The land in the middle of these two sides, covering most of Westchester County, was called “The Neutral Ground.” It was given this name because neither the British nor the Americans regularly controlled the area, causing it to become a sort of buffer zone between the two opposing forces. This Neutral Ground would be subjected to raids by both the Cowboys and Skinners, as they took produce from farmers and robbed travelers, all in an attempt to help their side’s cause. Both used guerilla warfare tactics to achieve their lawless ends.[5] It was in this time that Margaret and Pierre raised their family. They had children baptized at the Dutch church in Cortlandtown between 1774 and 1783. It appears that the family remained in Westchester Country during this period.

Margaret and Pierre had children born in Westchester County, New York:

  1. Miriam (twin) b. 8 Aug 1770
  2. Eunice (twin) b. 8 Aug 1770
  3. James b. 1772
  4. Tobias b. 1774
  5. Isaac b. 14 Oct 1775[12]
  6. Mary b. 14 Oct 1777[12]
  7. Daniel b. 31 Oct 1779[12]
  8. Perry (Pierre Jr.) b. 22 Mar 1782[13]

Pierre died on February 19, 1783. New York in the Revolution included the following entry regarding Pierre[14]:

"Teller, Pierre, Priv., Col. Sam Drake. Died of his wounds Febr. 19, 1783."

After Pierre's death in 1783 Margaret was counted living with her children in Cortlandt, Westchester County, New York for the 1790 U.S. census.[15] She remarried to Elisha Hammond after 1790 and before 1798 as she is named Margaret Hammond in her mother's probate records in December of 1798.[3]

Margaret was counted in Elisha Hammond's household in the 1810 U.S. census[16] and the 1830 U.S. census living included a female aged 70 to 79 years living in Cortlandt, Westchester County, New York.[17]

Death

Margaret died in 1835 and her estate was probated on August 27, 1835. She named her daughter Miriam Teller (Williams) as heir.[18]

Sources

  1. “Descendants of George Abbott, of Rowley, Mass., of His Joint Descendants with George Abbott, Sr., of Andoer, Mass.; of the Descendants of Daniel Abbott, of Providence, R. I.; of Some of the Descendants of Capt. Thomas Abbott, of Andover, Mass.; of George Abbott, of Norwalk Ct.; of Robert Abbott, of Branford Ct.; with Brief Notes of Many Others of the Name, Original Settlers in the United States. By Major Lemuel Abijah Abbott .. : Abbott, Lemuel Abijah, 1842-1911 : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming.” Internet Archive. [Boston, T. R. Marvin & son, printers], January 1, 1970. https://archive.org/details/descendantsofgeo02abbo/page/778.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Record of Wills, 1665-1916; Index to Wills, 1662-1923 (New York County); Author: New York. Surrogate's Court (New York County); Probate Place: New York, New York. Ancestry.com. New York, Wills and Probate Records, 1659-1999 [database on-line].
    Name: Soloman Hains
    [Solomon Hains]
    Probate Date: 12 May 1781
    Probate Place: New York, New York, USA
    Inferred Death Year: Abt 1781
    Inferred Death Place: New York, USA
    Item Description: Wills, Vol 033, 1778-1782
    https://www.ancestry.com/sharing/18337874?h=8c6751
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Wills and Letters, 1777-1983; Author: Westchester County (New York). Surrogate's Court; Probate Place: Westchester, New York. Ancestry.com. New York, Wills and Probate Records, 1659-1999 [database on-line].
    Name: Eunice Hains
    Probate Date: 18 Dec 1798
    Probate Place: Westchester, New York, USA
    Inferred Death Year: Abt 1798
    Inferred Death Place: New York, USA
    Item Description: Vol A-C, 1787-182
    https://www.ancestry.com/sharing/18337945?h=50e717
  4. Baird, Charles Washington. “Chronicle of a Border Town : History of Rye, Westchester County, New York, 1660-1870, Including Harrison and the White Plains till 1788 : Baird, Charles Washington, 1828-1887. 2n : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming.” Internet Archive. New York : A.D.F. Randolph and Company, January 1, 1871. https://archive.org/details/chronicleofborde00bair/page/470.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Jenkins, Stephen. "THE COWBOYS, THE SKINNERS AND THE NEUTRAL GROUND." Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association 9 (1910): 160-70. www.jstor.org/stable/42889423.
  6. Schenawolf, Harry. “Westchester County New York, Neutral Ground in the American Revolution Suffered Their Own Horrific War.” Revolutionary War Journal, July 1, 2019. https://www.revolutionarywarjournal.com/westchester-county-new-york-neutral-ground-in-the-american-revolution-suffered-their-own-horrific-war/.
  7. Find A Grave: Memorial #23286070
  8. Find A Grave: Memorial #23286112
  9. U.S., Dutch Reformed Church Records in Selected States, 1639-1989. Holland Society of New York; New York, New York; Rochester and Cortlandtown, Book 9. Content Description: Rochester and Cortlandtown, Book 9. Ancestry.com. U.S., Dutch Reformed Church Records in Selected States, 1639-1989 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Dutch Reformed Church Records from New York and New Jersey.
    Name Margaret Hains
    Gender Female
    Spouse Peire Teller
    Child Peery Teller
    https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/6961/42037_2421401574_0609-00188/300242888
  10. The Archives of the Reformed Church in America; New Brunswick, New Jersey; Corlandtown Church, Pastor Book, Records, Baptisms, 1774-1894. Ancestry.com. U.S., Dutch Reformed Church Records in Selected States, 1639-1989 [database on-line].
    Name: Sarah
    [Sarah Hains]
    Gender: Female
    Church: Corlandtown Church
    Spouse: John Teller
    Child: Solomon Hains Teller
    https://www.ancestry.com/sharing/18338048?h=b26a31
  11. Roberts, James A., and Frederic Gregory Mather. New York in the Revolution as Colony and State: Vol. I, a Compilation of Documents and Records. Albany, NY: J.B. Lyon, Printers, 1904. Pg. 213 https://archive.org/details/newyorkrevolution01statrich
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Holland Society of New York; New York, New York; Rochester and Cortlandtown, Book 9. Ancestry.com. U.S., Dutch Reformed Church Records in Selected States, 1639-1989 [database on-line]. https://www.ancestry.com/sharing/18311024?h=8869c6
  13. U.S., Dutch Reformed Church Records in Selected States, 1639-1989. Holland Society of New York; New York, New York; Rochester and Cortlandtown, Book 9. Content Description: Rochester and Cortlandtown, Book 9. Ancestry.com. U.S., Dutch Reformed Church Records in Selected States, 1639-1989 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Dutch Reformed Church Records from New York and New Jersey.
    Name Margaret Hains
    Gender Female
    Spouse Peire Teller
    Child Peery Teller
    https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/6961/42037_2421401574_0609-00188/300242888
  14. Fernow, Berthold. New York in the Revolution. Albany: Weed, Parsons and, Printers, 1887. Appendix. "Fourth Westchester County Regiment - Wounded or Died in Service". pg. 549. https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/48346/NYRevolution-000782-549
  15. "United States Census, 1790," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHK5-27T : accessed 22 November 2019), Margaret Teller, Cortlandt, Westchester, New York, United States; citing p. 214, NARA microfilm publication M637, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 6; FHL microfilm 568,146.
    Name: Margaret Teller
    Home in 1790 (City, County, State): Cortlandt, Westchester, New York
    Free White Persons - Males - Under 16: 2
    Free White Persons - Males - 16 and over: 1
    Free White Persons - Females: 4
    Number of Household Members: 7
  16. "United States Census, 1810," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XH2Z-R29 : accessed 1 December 2019), Elisha Hammond, Cortlandt, Westchester, New York, United States; citing p. 1011, NARA microfilm publication M252 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 37; FHL microfilm 181,391.
  17. "United States Census, 1830," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XHPJ-V5R : 29 July 2017), Elisha Hammond, Cortlandt, Westchester, New York, United States; citing 53, NARA microfilm publication M19, (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 112; FHL microfilm 17,172.
    Name: Elisha Hammond
    Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Cortlandt, Westchester, New York
    Free White Persons - Males - 30 thru 39: 1
    Free White Persons - Males - 40 thru 49: 2
    Free White Persons - Males - 70 thru 79: 1
    Free White Persons - Females - 20 thru 29: 1
    Free White Persons - Females - 70 thru 79: 1
    Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 4
    Total Free White Persons: 6
    Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 6
  18. Wills 1787-1905; Card Index to Wills 1813-1983; Letters of Administration 1777-1905; and Letters of Guardianship 1802-1901; Author: Westchester County (New York). Surrogate's Court; Probate Place: Westchester, New York. Ancestry.com. New York, Wills and Probate Records, 1659-1999 [database on-line].
    Name: Margaret Hammond
    Probate Date: 27 Aug 1835
    Probate Place: Westchester, New York, USA
    Inferred Death Year: Abt 1835
    Inferred Death Place: New York, USA
    Item Description: Letters of Administration, D-F, 1818-1838
    https://www.ancestry.com/sharing/18338377?h=15dc0e
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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Margaret by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Margaret:

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Haines-3552 and Hains-149 appear to represent the same person because: same spouse, child
posted by Cari (Ebert) Starosta

Margaret is 20 degrees from Danielle Liard, 16 degrees from Jack London and 13 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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