for daughters Margaret and Christian
||James Hamilton was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.|
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1st Earl of Arran
|2nd Earl of Arran
1529 - 1575
3rd Earl of Arran
Vacant Title last held by Charles de Valois
|Duke of Châtellerault
Vacant Title next held by Diane de France
James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Arran
James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault and 2nd Earl of Arran (c. 1516 – 22 January 1575), was a Scottish nobleman and regent for Mary, Queen of Scots.
He was the eldest legitimate son of James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran.
Through his paternal grandmother Mary of Scotland, Hamilton was the great grandson of James II of Scotland. On the death of John Stewart, Duke of Albany, in 1536, Arran became the next heir of the Kingdom of Scotland after the king's immediate family.
The children of the immediate royal family were short-lived, so when James V died in 1542, the Earl of Arran was next in line for the throne ... after the king's six-day-old newborn baby daughter Mary, Queen of Scots, for whom he was appointed regent.
In 1543, supporters of Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox, challenged Arran's claim and legitimacy by suggesting that his father's divorce and second marriage were invalid
Initially a Protestant and a member of the pro-English party, in 1543 he was involved in negotiating the marriage of the Queen of Scots to the infant Prince of Wales (the future Edward VI of England). Cardinal Beaton, who favoured the Auld Alliance, was imprisoned at Dalkeith Palace and then Blackness Castle. Henry VIII of England doubted Arran's commitment to English policy and wanted him deposed. On 18 March 1543, Sir George Douglas of Pittendreich, brother of the Earl of Angus, told the English ambassador, Ralph Sadler, that:
if there be any motion now to take the Governor from his state, and to bring the government of this realm to the king of England, I assure you it is impossible to be done at this time. For, there is not so little a boy but that he will hurl stones against it, and the wives will handle their distaffs, and the commons universally will rather die in it, yea, and many noblemen and all the clergy be fully against it.
On 3 September 1543 there was panic in Edinburgh when it became known that Arran had quietly left town. Although he said he was visiting his pregnant wife at Blackness Castle, the pro-English party guessed he would try to meet Cardinal Beaton. The Governor and the Cardinal were reconciled at Callendar House.
Shortly after, Arran became Catholic and joined the pro-French faction, consenting to the marriage of the Queen to the French Dauphin, later Francis, earning the Duchy of Châtellerault in the process.This led to the seven-year war with England. Known as the Rough Wooing, it was declared 20 December 1543.
The declaration of war was brought by Henry Ray to give to the Parliament of Scotland. Arran replied that parliament was dissolved, so he thought it expedient not to answer Henry VIII on the points raised.
In 1548 the Queen of Scots went to live in the French court. For his part in negotiating her marriage, Hamilton was created Duke of Châtellerault, and made a knight of the Order of Saint Michael.
Wikipedia names 2 more daughters, not supported by Richardson or Balfour Paul.
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On 22 Jan 2014 at 20:52 GMT Spencer MacPhail wrote:
James is 22 degrees from Rosa Parks, 21 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 12 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.