James Hamilton KG, KT

James Hamilton KG, KT (1658 - 1712)

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Sir James "4th Duke of Hamilton 1st Duke of Brandon" Hamilton KG, KT
Born in Hamilton Palace, Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotlandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 10 Jan 1688 in Whitehall, London, Englandmap
Husband of — married after 17 Jul 1698 in Bushy Park, Richmond, London, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Hyde Park, London, Englandmap
Profile last modified 3 Feb 2020 | Created 26 Nov 2008
This page has been accessed 1,982 times.
James Hamilton KG, KT was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.

Contents

Biography

James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton and 1st Duke of Brandon (1658-1712) was born in Hamilton Palace on 11 April 1658 and baptized that same day. He was the son of William Douglas, 3rd Duke of Hamilton (1634–1694)], and Anne Hamilton (1632–1716), suo jure Duchess of Hamilton, daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, and Lady Mary Feilding, da. of William, 1st earl of Denbigh.

He m.(1) bef 5 Jan 1687 Lady Anne Spencer (b. 24 Jun 1666; dspm. 2 Jul 1690), 1st dau. of Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, by his wife Lady Anne Digby, only surv. sister and hrss. of John Digby, 3rd Earl of Bristol, and 2nd dau. of George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol. 2 da. dsp and (2) 17 Jul 1698 Hon Elizabeth Gerard (b. c. 1680; d. 13 Feb 1743/4), only dau. and hrss. of Digby Gerard, 5th Baron Gerard, by his wife and third cousin once removed Lady Elizabeth Gerard, 3rd dau. and cohrss. in her issue of Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield 3s. 4da.

After his 1st wife died, he had an affair with Charles II's illegitimate da. Lady Barbara Fitzroy, and they had a son Charles Hamilton (1691-1754).

Children of Lady Anne Spencer and James Hamilton:

  1. Anne Hamilton (b. 18 Jan 1689-d. Feb 1689)
  2. Mary Hamilton (b. c. June 1690) d. young.

Children of Elizabeth Gerard and James Hamilton:

  1. Lord James Hamilton, later 5th Duke of Hamilton
  2. Lord William Hamilton MP (dsp. 11 Jul 1734), mar. 30 Apr 1733 Frances Hawes (mar. (2) 19 May 1735 William [Vane], 2nd Viscount Vane; dsp. 31 Mar 1788), only dau. and hrss. of Francis Hawes, of Purley Hall, co. Berkshire
  3. Lord Anne Hamilton (b. 12 Oct 1709; d. 25 Dec 1748), mar. Oct 1742 Anna Charlotte Maria Powell (d. 26 Jul 1791), only child and hrss. of Charles Powell, of Pen-y-bank, co. Carmarthen, and had issue:
  4. Lady Elizabeth Hamilton (d. 2 Apr 1702)
  5. Lady Catharine Hamilton (d. 22 Dec 1712)
  6. Lady Charlotte Hamilton (b. c. 1704; d. 5 Feb 1777), mar. 1 May 1736 Charles Edwin, of Dunraven, co. Glamorgan (d. 29 Jun 1750)
  7. Lady Susan Hamilton (d. 3 Jun 1755), mar. 3 Aug 1736 Anthony Tracy later Tracy-Keck, of Great Tew, co. Oxford (b. c. 1725; d. 30 May 1769), 3rd son of John Tracy, of Stanway, co. Gloucester (by his wife Anne Atkins, only dau. of Sir Robert Atkins, of Saperton, co. Oxford, Chief Baron of the Exchequer), only surv. son of Hon Ferdinando Tracy (by his wife Katherine Keck, 1st dau. of Sir Anthony Keck MP, of Mickleton, co. Gloucester, and Great Tew, co. Oxford, a Commissioner of the Great Seal), 3rd son of John [Tracy], 3rd Viscount Tracy, and had issue

He was killed 15 Nov 1712, during a duel with Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun. Mohun was mortally wounded by Hamilton, but while falling he severed an artery in Hamilton's arm and he bled to death. Mohun's second General George MacCartney was accused of murder and acquitted.

Death

This appears to be the same Sir James Hamilton that is Inscripted on the Monument...
Burial: Hamilton Old Parish Churchyard, Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland
This may be a Cenotaph for one or all.
Inscription:
"MEMORIAM
Sir James Hamilton A_TER_ARMS James Lord Hamilton BORN ____
DIED: 12th NOV_ 1479
THE MOST HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE John Hamilton ST MARQUIS OF HAMILTON
3RD DUKE OF CHATELHERAULT BORN 1532 DIED AT HAMILTON 12TH APRIL 1607 (7?)
AGED 72 YEARS
THE MOST HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE JAMES 1ST DUKE OF HAMILTON, 6TH DUKE (?)
OF CHATELHERAULT . 2ND EARL OF CAMBRIDGE BORN AT HAMILTON 19TH JUNE 1608
BEHEADED IN PALAZE YARD 9TH MARCH 1649 AGED 43 YEARS
James Hamilton DUKE OF HAMILTON, BRANDON, CHATELHERAULT IN THE KINGDOM OF
FRANCE, WAS KILLED IN A DUEL IN HYDE PARK 15TH NOVEMBER 1712, IN THE 55TH
YEAR OF HIS AGE.
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE WILLIAM Hamilton LORD HAMILTON, SECOND SON OF THE MOST
HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE James Hamilton DUKE OF HAMILTON, BRANDON AND
CHATELHERAULT DIED 11TH JULY 1734 IN THE 28TH YEAR OF HIS AGE
THE MOST HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE Sir James Hamilton, 5TH DUKE OF HAMILTON AND 9TH DUKE
CHATELHERAULT, 2ND DUKE OF BRANDON BORN 1702 DIED 1ST MARCH 1743
AGED 41 YEARS
THE MOST HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE Sir James Hamilton DUKE OF HAMILTON AND BRANDON  :AND CHATELHERAULT DIED AT _REAT REW AT OXFORDSHIRE 18TH JANUARY 1757
AGED 34 YEARS
THE MOST HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE Sir James George Hamilton HAMILTON DUKE OF
HAMILTON, BRANDON AND CHATELHERAULT BORN AT HOLYBOND HOUSE 10TH FEBY
1755 DIED AT HAMILTON, 7TH JULY 1763
SOURCE: Monument [1]

Titles

11 April 1658 Earl of Arran [S], courtesy title
1687 Founding Knight of the Thistle (KT)
1693 Lt-Gen
9 Jul 1698 4th Duke of Hamilton [S]
Dec 1710 Privy Counsellor of Great Britain
10 Sep 1711 Baron Dutton, of Dutton in the County Palatine of Chester [GB]
10 Sep 1711 Duke of Brandon [GB], with remainder to the heirs male of his parents.
26 October 1712 Knight of the Garter (KG)


Sources

  • Johnston, George Harvey. "The Douglases of Angus." The Heraldry of the Douglases: With Notes on All the Males of the Family, Descriptions of the Arms, Plates and Pedigrees. Edinburgh: W. & A.K. Johnston, Limited, 1907.47. Print.




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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Comments: 3

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married Elizabeth 17 July 1698 at Bushey Park, London, England.
posted by Rebecca Butler
Hamilton-4588 and Hamilton-2 appear to represent the same person because: They are the same, even though the birth date is different - 11 April 1658 is the correct date. The lowest number Hamilton-2 is preferred over the later number according to merging rules.
posted by John Atkinson
My oldest known relative was a Joseph Hamilton b;1785, d:1863 He was a flax farmer in Garshooey, Donegal. He had three known siblings Catherine, d:1854, James d:1861 & David d:1865. He had at least one son James Hamilton b:1830, d:1903 – Married to Margaret Glass (b:1839, d:1918) in 1860. They farm was still listed to them in the 1911 census. They had the following children. James: b:1861 d:1845 (he became the Lord Mayor of Derry around 1927) & ran the Hamilton & Sons Shirt Co in Derry, Joseph b:1861,d;1945 (my Grandfather) Elizabeth b:1864, Andrew,b:1867, David b: 1869, Catherine b:1871,d:1957, Robert b:1872, Samuel b:1876, d:1943, Margaret/Ann b:1878, d:1944, Henry, b:1880, d:1964, William J. b:1883,d:1064, & Infant Ann died in childbirth.

A Hans Hamilton operated a farm adjacent to the above mentions & is assumed to be an unknown relative.

posted by Joseph Hamilton

James is 20 degrees from Greg Clarke, 13 degrees from George Hull and 8 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.