James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton and 1st Duke of Brandon (1658-1712) was born in Hamilton Palace on 11 April 1658 and baptized that same day. He was the son of William Douglas, 3rd Duke of Hamilton (1634–1694)], and Anne Hamilton (1632–1716), suo jure Duchess of Hamilton, daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, and Lady Mary Feilding, da. of William, 1st earl of Denbigh.
He m.(1) bef 5 Jan 1687 Lady Anne Spencer (b. 24 Jun 1666; dspm. 2 Jul 1690), 1st dau. of Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, by his wife Lady Anne Digby, only surv. sister and hrss. of John Digby, 3rd Earl of Bristol, and 2nd dau. of George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol. 2 da. dsp and (2)
17 Jul 1698 Hon Elizabeth Gerard (b. c. 1680; d. 13 Feb 1743/4), only dau. and hrss. of Digby Gerard, 5th Baron Gerard, by his wife and third cousin once removed Lady Elizabeth Gerard, 3rd dau. and cohrss. in her issue of Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield 3s. 4da.
After his 1st wife died, he had an affair with Charles II's illegitimate da. Lady Barbara Fitzroy, and they had a son Charles Hamilton (1691-1754).
Children of Lady Anne Spencer and James Hamilton:
Anne Hamilton (b. 18 Jan 1689-d. Feb 1689)
Mary Hamilton (b. c. June 1690) d. young.
Children of Elizabeth Gerard and James Hamilton:
Lord James Hamilton, later 5th Duke of Hamilton
Lord William Hamilton MP (dsp. 11 Jul 1734), mar. 30 Apr 1733 Frances Hawes (mar. (2) 19 May 1735 William [Vane], 2nd Viscount Vane; dsp. 31 Mar 1788), only dau. and hrss. of Francis Hawes, of Purley Hall, co. Berkshire
Lord Anne Hamilton (b. 12 Oct 1709; d. 25 Dec 1748), mar. Oct 1742 Anna Charlotte Maria Powell (d. 26 Jul 1791), only child and hrss. of Charles Powell, of Pen-y-bank, co. Carmarthen, and had issue:
Lady Elizabeth Hamilton (d. 2 Apr 1702)
Lady Catharine Hamilton (d. 22 Dec 1712)
Lady Charlotte Hamilton (b. c. 1704; d. 5 Feb 1777), mar. 1 May 1736 Charles Edwin, of Dunraven, co. Glamorgan (d. 29 Jun 1750)
Lady Susan Hamilton (d. 3 Jun 1755), mar. 3 Aug 1736 Anthony Tracy later Tracy-Keck, of Great Tew, co. Oxford (b. c. 1725; d. 30 May 1769), 3rd son of John Tracy, of Stanway, co. Gloucester (by his wife Anne Atkins, only dau. of Sir Robert Atkins, of Saperton, co. Oxford, Chief Baron of the Exchequer), only surv. son of Hon Ferdinando Tracy (by his wife Katherine Keck, 1st dau. of Sir Anthony Keck MP, of Mickleton, co. Gloucester, and Great Tew, co. Oxford, a Commissioner of the Great Seal), 3rd son of John [Tracy], 3rd Viscount Tracy, and had issue
He was killed 15 Nov 1712, during a duel with Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun. Mohun was mortally wounded by Hamilton, but while falling he severed an artery in Hamilton's arm and he bled to death. Mohun's second
General George MacCartney was accused of murder and acquitted.
This appears to be the same Sir James Hamilton that is Inscripted on the Monument...
Burial: Hamilton Old Parish Churchyard, Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland
Johnston, George Harvey. "The Douglases of Angus." The Heraldry of the Douglases: With Notes on All the Males of the Family, Descriptions of the Arms, Plates and Pedigrees. Edinburgh: W. & A.K. Johnston, Limited, 1907.47. Print.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: