Second English Civil War - Battle of Preston
"..... defeated in detail by Oliver Cromwell during the three days 17–19 August 1648 at the Battle of Preston, being himself taken prisoner on 25 August. He was tried on 6 February 1649, condemned to death on 6 March and executed by decapitation on 9 March.
"James, 3rd Marquis of Hamilton, born 19th June 1606; at Hamilton, Scotland. executed 9th March 1648-49. at age 42 beheaded, without a surviving male issue. He was buried at Hamilton, Scotland." (as per the SOURCE listed below)
He sided with King Charles I., and on 12th April 1643 the King created him DUKE OF HAMILTON, Marquis of Clydesdale, Earl of Arran and Cambridge, Lord Avon and Innerdale.
He married, in 1620, Margaret Fielding, daughter of William, Earl of Denbigh, who died 10th May 1638, having had: By his wife Mary Feilding, Hamilton, six children, of whom four died in childhood.
Henrietta Mary (1631–1632)
Anne (1632–1716), later suo jure Duchess of Hamilton
Susannah (1633–1694), married John Kennedy, 7th Earl of Cassilis in 1668
Charles, Earl of Arran (ca. 1630 – buried 30 April 1640 in Westminster Abbey)
He was buried at Hamilton Old Parish Churchyard, Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland. This inscription is a Cenotaph for the family.
↑ Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 262.
↑ Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 26 April 2020), memorial page for James Hamilton (19 Jun 1606–9 Mar 1649), Find A Grave: Memorial #196077903, citing Hamilton Old Parish Churchyard, Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland ; Maintained by Todd Whitesides (contributor 47553735). Includes photo of monument and portraits not date of birth or death.
Vol. 1, Page 118: "James, Marquis of Hamilton, created Duke of Hamilton in 1643. In 1648, the army he commanded was put to flight, and himself compelled to become prisoner upon articles of capitulation. On the 9th of March 1649, he was murdered, at Westminster, by the self-styled high court of justice."
“The Heraldry of the Hamiltons with notes on all the males of the family, descriptions of the arms, plates and pedigrees” by G. Harvey Johnston, Published by W & A. K. Johnston, LTD., Edinburgh and London 1909
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: