James Hamilton
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James Hamilton (1423 - 1479)

Sir James "6th Laird of Cadzow and 1st Lord Hamilton" Hamilton
Born in Lanarkshire, Scotlandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married after 25 Feb 1440 (to 1468) in Scotlandmap
Husband of — married before 12 Jul 1474 in Scotlandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Oxfordshire, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 12 Apr 2014 | Last significant change: 6 May 2021
14:20: Michael Hamilton edited the Primary Photo for James Hamilton (1423-1479). [Thank Michael for this]
This page has been accessed 10,140 times.
Scottish Clans
James Hamilton was a prominent member of a Scottish Clan.
Join: Scotland Project
Discuss: Scotland
Preceded by
James Hamilton (1398-1441)
6th of Cadzow
c. 1440–c. 1445
Succeeded by
N/A
Preceded by
New title
Lord Hamilton
1445–1479
Succeeded by
James Hamilton

Contents

BIography

James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton, 6th of Cadzow (c. 1415 – 6 November 1479)

  • Scottish nobleman, scholar and politician.
  • 1426: first appears in charter granting him rights to the lands of Dalserf
lands alienated by his father.
  • Father: James Hamilton of Cadzow, 5th Laird of Cadzow.
  • b. Cadzow Castle, South Lanarkshire.

Born May 16, 1423 in Cadzow Castle, Lanarkshire, Scotland[citation needed] Illegitimate children included Sir Patrick Hamilton of Kincavil, father of Master Patrick Hamilton, burnt for heresy in 1528 and a Protestant martyr. Lord Hamilton also had a daughter who married Sir John MacFarlane, 11th chief of Clan MacFarlane. John Hamilton of Broomhill (d. c. 1550), another illegitimate child of James, 1st Lord Hamilton, was by Janet Calderwood. In 1512 John's birth was legitimized. His grandson, James Hamilton, notably served as Sheriff of Perthshire, and his descendants became the Lords Belhaven and Stenton. Another illegitimate child by Janet Calderwood was David Hamilton, Bishop of Argyll and commendator of Dryburgh Abbey.

James Hamilton was intimately connected with the powerful House of Douglas -- his mother was a daughter of the Douglas Lord of Dalkeith, and also through his marriage in 1439/1440 with Lady Euphemia Graham, young widow of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas and daughter of Euphemia Stewart, Countess of Strathearn. He was stepfather to the young 6th Earl of Douglas, his brother David, both who would be murdered in November 1440 at the 'Black Dinner' at Edinburgh Castle in the presence of James II. He was also the stepfather of Margaret Douglas, the "Fair Maid of Galloway."She was to marry cousins William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas, and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas.

Prior to 1440 he achieved the status of Knighthood, and c. 1440/1441 he inherited his father's estates. In 1445, Hamilton received letters patent creating him a Lord of Parliament. This charter raised all his estates into the entail of that rank, with its Capital Messuage at the Orchard, (later Hamilton Palace), at Cadzow. Furthermore the charter stated that henceforth the lands would be known as Hamilton as they are today.

James Hamilton accompanied his stepson in law, the 8th Earl of Douglas, to Rome in 1450, and there obtained permission from the Holy See to convert the Parish Church at the new burgh of Hamilton into a Collegiate Establishment, with endowments for a Provost and six Canons

Family

James first married Lady Euphemia Graham (d. 1468) by Papal dispensation dated 25 Feb 1440/1, daughter of Patrick Graham, de jure Earl of Strathearn & Euphemia Stewart, Countess of Strathearn / widow of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas. Issue:

Secondly he married Mary Stewart, Princess of Scotland, daughter of James II and widow of Thomas Boyd, Earl of Arran. They had 3 issue:

He also had Illegitimate (natural) children:

  • Sir Patrick Hamilton of Kincavil, legitimated by the King 1512; father of Master Patrick Hamilton, burnt for heresy in 1528 and a Protestant martyr.
  • daughter m. Sir John MacFarlane, 11th chief of Clan MacFarlane. [citation needed] (not shown by Balfour Paul)
  • John Hamilton of Broomhill (d. c. 1550) by Janet Calderwood; legitimated by the King 1512. His grandson, James Hamilton, notably served as Sheriff of Perthshire, and his descendants became the Lords Belhaven and Stenton
  • David Hamilton, Bishop of Argyll and commendator of Dryburgh Abbey by Janet Calderwood

Death

This appears to be the same Sir James Hamilton that is Inscripted on the Monument...

Burial: Hamilton Old Parish Churchyard, Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland
This may be a Cenotaph for one or all.
Inscription:
"MEMORIAM
Sir James Hamilton A_TER_ARMS James Lord Hamilton BORN ____
DIED: 12th NOV_ 1479
THE MOST HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE John Hamilton ST MARQUIS OF HAMILTON
3RD DUKE OF CHATELHERAULT BORN 1532 DIED AT HAMILTON 12TH APRIL 1607 (7?)
AGED 72 YEARS
THE MOST HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE JAMES 1ST DUKE OF HAMILTON, 6TH DUKE (?)
OF CHATELHERAULT . 2ND EARL OF CAMBRIDGE BORN AT HAMILTON 19TH JUNE 1608
BEHEADED IN PALAZE YARD 9TH MARCH 1649 AGED 43 YEARS
James Hamilton DUKE OF HAMILTON, BRANDON, CHATELHERAULT IN THE KINGDOM OF
FRANCE, WAS KILLED IN A DUEL IN HYDE PARK 15TH NOVEMBER 1712, IN THE 55TH :YEAR OF HIS AGE.
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE WILLIAM Hamilton LORD HAMILTON, SECOND SON OF THE MOST
HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE James Hamilton DUKE OF HAMILTON, BRANDON AND CHATELHERAULT DIED 11TH JULY 1734 IN THE 28TH YEAR OF HIS AGE
THE MOST HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE Sir James Hamilton , 5TH DUKE OF HAMILTON AND 9TH DUKE
CHATELHERAULT, 2ND DUKE OF BRANDON BORN 1702 DIED 1ST MARCH 1743
AGED 41 YEARS
THE MOST HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE James Hamilton DUKE OF HAMILTON AND BRANDON
AND CHATELHERAULT DIED AT _REAT REW AT OXFORDSHIRE 18TH JANUARY 1757
AGED 34 YEARS
THE MOST HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE Sir James George Hamilton HAMILTON DUKE OF
HAMILTON, BRANDON AND CHATELHERAULT BORN AT HOLYBOND HOUSE 10TH FEBY
1755 DIED AT HAMILTON, 7TH JULY 1763
SOURCE: Monument[1]

Research Notes

Robert Hamilton, Seigneur d'Aubigny, Incorrectly Identified as Son of James and Mary
  • Britain's Royal Families, The Complete Genealogy lists one additional son from the marriage of James Hamilton and Mary Stewart, who is not mentioned by either Richardson or Balfour Paul: Robert Hamilton, Seigneur d'Aubigny; d. 1543.[2] As a result, this second son has been cited not only in the peerage.com but in numerous family trees on ancestry and family search. This is an unfortunate error. "Seigneur d'Aubigny" was a title which belonged in the Stewart family (and was not used by the Hamiltons) and the fourth Seigneur d'Aubigny, who did indeed die in 1543, was Robert Stewart, the 4th son of John Stewart,earl of Lennox, and Margaret Montgomerie.[3] Accordingly, the profile of Robert Hamilton will be detached as a son of James Hamilton and Mary Stewart.
Robert Hamilton, Prebend of Kincardine, Incorrectly Identified as Son of James and Mary
  • If Robert Hamilton actually was from the Some and Sanquhar branch of Hamiltons, whose lands were in Ayr, it is not likely he was the son of James Hamilton of Cadzow, whose lands were in Lanarkshire. However, his name is not found among the Some and Sanquhar branch of the family.[4] There was a Robert Hamilton of Torrance who married a daughter of the Goodman of Glaister, who was also a niece to the sheriff of Ayr.[5] The wife attached to Robert Hamilton's profile is Elizabeth Campbell, the daughter of " an unknown Campbell of Glaisters." Robert Hamilton of Torrance was the eldest son and heir of James Hamilton of Torrance and Christian Stewart, the daughter of Stewart of Minto.[5] Unless a reliable source can be found which establishes a connection between Robert Hamilton and James Hamilton of Cadzow, Robert will be disconnected as the son of James Hamilton and Mary Stewart.

Sources

  1. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 27 April 2020), memorial page for James Hamilton (19 Jun 1606–9 Mar 1649), Find A Grave: Memorial #196077903, citing Hamilton Old Parish Churchyard, Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland ; Maintained by Todd Whitesides (contributor 47553735). The text of the cenotaph is no longer on this memorial as of October 2020.
  2. Weir, Alison. Britain's Royal Families. London: The Bodley Head (1989), p. 234].
  3. Paul, SIr James Balfour. The Scots Peerage. Edinburgh: D. Douglas (1904), Vol. 5, pp. 349-350.
  4. Anderson, John. Historical and Genealogical Memoirs of the House of Hamilton. Edinburgh: by the author (1825), pp. 382-383.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Anderson, John. Historical and Genealogical Memoirs of the House of Hamilton. Edinburgh: by the author (1825), p. 387.

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Comments: 3

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Please see research notes. Unless reliable sources are found to substantiate their relationship, Robert Hamilton and Robert Hamilton will be detached as sons of James Hamilton and Mary Stewart.

Jen

posted by Jen (Stevens) Hutton
As for the confusion concerning the Hamilton Y-DNA and the Douglas Y-DNA.

In one instance of the Douglas Y-DNA: Y-DNA I-L338 for all of Walter Hamilton of Darngaber's male line? Possibly. (my early Great-grandfather, on my grandMother's side) Y-DNA is possibly I-Y6635 per Descendent of Walter Hamilton of Darngaber, (potentially one of my FTDNA matches). BOTH I-L338 (also known as I1a2a1a1a) and related I-Y6635 (also known as I1a3a1a1a1, Parent Branch: I-Y6624) are of Haplogroup I-M253 also known as I1 (a Y chromosome haplogroup). I-L338 is a well-known Haplogroup of the Douglases.

Walter Hamilton of Darngaber BIRTH 1392 • Cadzow, Lanarkshire, Scotland, DEATH 20 MAY 1441 • Trabzon, Trabzon, Turkey and his descendants were descended from the Douglases and not the Hamiltons.

Sources:

1. http://dgmweb.net/DNA/Thompson/ThompsonDNA-results.html

2. https://www.familytreedna.com/public/Douglas?iframe=yresults

3. http://www.yseq.net/product_info.php?products_id=21060

4. https://haplogroup.org/ystory/i-y6635/

5. http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/g/a/gah4/HamDNA/B1.pdf

(And it is not unreasonable to, at least, consider the uncle of Walter Hamilton (of Darngarber, not "of Cadzow"), John Hamilton of Fingalton as not being a Hamilton either as their Y-DNA has been compared. Assumptions to the contrary are very risky.)

posted by Michael Hamilton
edited by Michael Hamilton
I am removing the coat of arms
House of Hamilton. Lords of Hamilton and Cadzow. Ancient arms.

until it can be certified by the Lord Lyon with the help of someone who is "pre-1500" certified per https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Help:Pre-1500_Profiles#Adding_Information_without_Certification and according to https://www.wikitree.com/g2g/835548/illegal-images-under-appearing-profiles-scottish-individuals My bad. Hopefully someone can find the time to add a crest or a family coat of arms to such deserving ancestors. Thanks to Madison-125 for the information.

posted by Michael Hamilton