James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton, 6th of Cadzow (c. 1415 – 6 November 1479)
Scottish nobleman, scholar and politician.
1426: first appears in charter granting him rights to the lands of Dalserf
lands alienated by his father.
Father: James Hamilton of Cadzow, 5th Laird of Cadzow.
b. Cadzow Castle, South Lanarkshire.
Born May 16, 1423 in Cadzow Castle, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Illegitimate children included Sir Patrick Hamilton of Kincavil, father of Master Patrick Hamilton, burnt for heresy in 1528 and a Protestant martyr. Lord Hamilton also had a daughter who married Sir John MacFarlane, 11th chief of Clan MacFarlane. John Hamilton of Broomhill (d. c. 1550), another illegitimate child of James, 1st Lord Hamilton, was by Janet Calderwood. In 1512 John's birth was legitimized. His grandson, James Hamilton, notably served as Sheriff of Perthshire, and his descendants became the Lords Belhaven and Stenton. Another illegitimate child by Janet Calderwood was David Hamilton, Bishop of Argyll and commendator of Dryburgh Abbey.
James Hamilton was intimately connected with the powerful House of Douglas -- his mother was a daughter of the Douglas Lord of Dalkeith, and also through his marriage in 1439/1440 with Lady Euphemia Graham, young widow of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas and daughter of Euphemia Stewart, Countess of Strathearn. He was stepfather to the young 6th Earl of Douglas, his brother David, both who would be murdered in November 1440 at the 'Black Dinner' at Edinburgh Castle in the presence of James II. He was also the stepfather of Margaret Douglas, the "Fair Maid of Galloway."She was to marry cousins William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas, and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas.
Prior to 1440 he achieved the status of Knighthood, and c. 1440/1441 he inherited his father's estates. In 1445, Hamilton received letters patent creating him a Lord of Parliament. This charter raised all his estates into the entail of that rank, with its Capital Messuage at the Orchard, (later Hamilton Palace), at Cadzow. Furthermore the charter stated that henceforth the lands would be known as Hamilton as they are today.
James Hamilton accompanied his stepson in law, the 8th Earl of Douglas, to Rome in 1450, and there obtained permission from the Holy See to convert the Parish Church at the new burgh of Hamilton into a Collegiate Establishment, with endowments for a Provost and six Canons
James first married Lady Euphemia Graham (d. 1468) by Papal dispensation dated 25 Feb 1440/1, daughter of Patrick Graham, de jure Earl of Strathearn & Euphemia Stewart, Countess of Strathearn / widow of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas. Issue:
Sir Patrick Hamilton of Kincavil, legitimated by the King 1512; father of Master Patrick Hamilton, burnt for heresy in 1528 and a Protestant martyr.
daughter m. Sir John MacFarlane, 11th chief of Clan MacFarlane.  (not shown by Balfour Paul)
John Hamilton of Broomhill (d. c. 1550) by Janet Calderwood; legitimated by the King 1512. His grandson, James Hamilton, notably served as Sheriff of Perthshire, and his descendants became the Lords Belhaven and Stenton
David Hamilton, Bishop of Argyll and commendator of Dryburgh Abbey by Janet Calderwood
This appears to be the same Sir James Hamilton that is Inscripted on the Monument...
Burial: Hamilton Old Parish Churchyard, Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland
This may be a Cenotaph for one or all.
Sir James Hamilton A_TER_ARMS James Lord Hamilton BORN ____
DIED: 12th NOV_ 1479
THE MOST HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE John Hamilton ST MARQUIS OF HAMILTON
3RD DUKE OF CHATELHERAULT BORN 1532 DIED AT HAMILTON 12TH APRIL 1607 (7?)
AGED 72 YEARS
THE MOST HIGH AND PUISSANT PRINCE JAMES 1ST DUKE OF HAMILTON, 6TH DUKE (?)
OF CHATELHERAULT . 2ND EARL OF CAMBRIDGE BORN AT HAMILTON 19TH JUNE 1608
BEHEADED IN PALAZE YARD 9TH MARCH 1649 AGED 43 YEARS
Robert Hamilton, Seigneur d'Aubigny, Incorrectly Identified as Son of James and Mary
Britain's Royal Families, The Complete Genealogy lists one additional son from the marriage of James Hamilton and Mary Stewart, who is not mentioned by either Richardson or Balfour Paul: Robert Hamilton, Seigneur d'Aubigny; d. 1543. As a result, this second son has been cited not only in the peerage.com but in numerous family trees on ancestry and family search. This is an unfortunate error. "Seigneur d'Aubigny" was a title which belonged in the Stewart family (and was not used by the Hamiltons) and the fourth Seigneur d'Aubigny, who did indeed die in 1543, was Robert Stewart, the 4th son of John Stewart,earl of Lennox, and Margaret Montgomerie. Accordingly, the profile of Robert Hamilton will be detached as a son of James Hamilton and Mary Stewart.
Robert Hamilton, Prebend of Kincardine, Incorrectly Identified as Son of James and Mary
If Robert Hamilton actually was from the Some and Sanquhar branch of Hamiltons, whose lands were in Ayr, it is not likely he was the son of James Hamilton of Cadzow, whose lands were in Lanarkshire. However, his name is not found among the Some and Sanquhar branch of the family. There was a Robert Hamilton of Torrance who married a daughter of the Goodman of Glaister, who was also a niece to the sheriff of Ayr. The wife attached to Robert Hamilton's profile is Elizabeth Campbell, the daughter of " an unknown Campbell of Glaisters." Robert Hamilton of Torrance was the eldest son and heir of James Hamilton of Torrance and Christian Stewart, the daughter of Stewart of Minto. Unless a reliable source can be found which establishes a connection between Robert Hamilton and James Hamilton of Cadzow, Robert will be disconnected as the son of James Hamilton and Mary Stewart.
↑ Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 27 April 2020), memorial page for James Hamilton (19 Jun 1606–9 Mar 1649), Find A Grave: Memorial #196077903, citing Hamilton Old Parish Churchyard, Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland ; Maintained by Todd Whitesides (contributor 47553735). The text of the cenotaph is no longer on this memorial as of October 2020.
↑ Weir, Alison. Britain's Royal Families. London: The Bodley Head (1989), p. 234].
Is James your ancestor? Please don't go away! Login to collaborate or comment, or
a profile manager, or ask our community of genealogists a question.
Sponsored Search by Ancestry.com
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with James by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: