Categories: Puritan Great Migration.
||Benjamin Hammond migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).|
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The widely-reported origin of Benjamin Hammond is problematic for several reasons, enumerated below, and is unlikely to be accurate as published.
There is no known relationship between Benjamin and the family of William Hammond and Elizabeth Paine, who migrated from Lavenham, Suffolk, England, and settled in Watertown, Massachusetts. Benjamin was not a child of this family, and did not sail on the Francis with Elizabeth and her children in 1634. There is no evidence that Benjamin came from Lavenham, or Suffolk.
The two Hammond families are frequently confused because Benjamin's parents are given as William Hammond and Elizabeth Penn (see below for additional problems with this claim). The major Hammond genealogies refer to Benjamin's father as "William of London" to differentiate him from "William of Watertown."
All of the published biographical and genealogical works on the birth, parentage, and migration of Benjamin Hammond so far rely on a single source: the private Memorandum Book kept by his grandson, Captain Elnathan Hammond, written roughly between 1755-1781.
Unfortunately, in his book, Elnathan reports at least two things as fact (enthusiastically, in great detail) that we now know to be wrong:
At least one additional claim is therefore unlikely to be accurate:
Elnathan, born 1703, would not have known either one of his paternal grandparents, as Benjamin died 1703 and Mary died 1705, so he could not have heard their origins first-hand. Battell reports that Elnathan also copied (probably after John's death in 1749) information from a journal kept by his father, Benjamin's son John Hammond.
The original account of Elnathan's journal was published by Philip Battell in The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 30, in 1876.
The article in NEHGR 30, in turn, is the sole source for Benjamin's origin story in Roland Hammond's A history and genealogy of the descendants of William Hammond of London, England and his wife Elizabeth Penn: through their son Benjamin of Sandwich and Rochester, Mass., 1600-1894, written 1894. He reports Elnathan's errors as fact.
Frederick Stam Hammond's History and Genealogies of the Hammond Families in America: with an Account of the Early History of the Family in Normandy and Great Britain, 1000-1902 was written in 1902, after the publication of detailed Penn records in NEHGR 54 in 1900 disproved the claim that Benjamin's mother Elizabeth was a child of that family. F.S. Hammond acknowledges the famous-Penns error but goes on to say, "It is probable that her name was Elizabeth Penn, however, as there exists no satisfactory reason for doubting the general accuracy of the record kept by Capt. Elnathan Hammond and his father." The Memo Book was his sole source for this information.
Banks in 1937 listed Benjamin, Elizabeth, Elizabeth, Martha, and Rachel as passengers on the Griffin, citing two sources: "Hammond Gen. p. 565," and "Drakes 'Boston'." The records of the Griffin are reconstructed from secondary records, not original passenger manifests; like the others, the claims in Banks trace back to grandson Elnathan's Memo Book.
Thus far, no additional sources have been found to corroborate any of the following claims, which originate solely from Elnathan's Memo Book:
Benjamin's birth is given as 1621 (in London) by both Hammond genealogies, and his age at death in 1703 as 82, but neither cites a source. No record of birth or baptism/christening has been found. The transcribed death record from Rochester does not mention his age.
A Benjamin Hammon, servant of John Hardy, was twice sentenced by the courts in Salem for disobedient behavior. In 1640 he was bound to his master for an additional year, and in 1641/2 he was fined £5, whipped, and "bound to good behavior for one year". There is no evidence that this Benjamin became the Benjamin of Yarmouth and Rochester.
The first record of Benjamin in Massachusetts lists him as "able to bear arms" in the town of Yarmouth in 1643. "In 1652 he was chosen constable of Yarmouth, and he is on record as a resident there as late as 1655." By 1673 he is documented as a landowner in Sandwich, and in 1675 he became constable there. He removed to Rochester sometime between its founding (as Sippican) in 1679, and 1686, when his son Samuel was admitted freeman there.
Benjamin married Mary Vincent, daughter of John Vincent, in Sandwich: "[Benjamin Hammond m[worn]aried to Mary Vincent the 8th of november 1648 p [by] me Willam Wood." Benjamin and John were named overseers of the will of Joan Swift in 1662.
The children of Benjamin Hammond and Mary (Vincent) Hammond were:
Benjamin Hammond, husband of "Marey", died in Rochester, Massachusetts, on 27 August 1703.
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On 17 Nov 2017 at 16:08 GMT S (Hill) Willson wrote:
On 3 Jun 2016 at 21:22 GMT Weldon Smith wrote:
On 9 Oct 2014 at 12:17 GMT Cheryl Hammond wrote:
On 25 Sep 2014 at 19:34 GMT Cheryl Hammond wrote:
On 25 Sep 2014 at 19:20 GMT Cheryl Hammond wrote:
On 22 Sep 2014 at 00:54 GMT S (Hill) Willson wrote:
On 4 Sep 2014 at 02:45 GMT S (Hill) Willson wrote:
On 30 Aug 2014 at 01:33 GMT S (Hill) Willson wrote:
Benjamin is 15 degrees from Elinor Glyn, 18 degrees from Frances Weidman and 16 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.