Thomas Hammond
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Thomas Hammond (abt. 1600 - 1675)

Thomas Hammond
Born about in Englandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] in Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Newton, Middlesex, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Profile last modified | Created 7 Feb 2011
This page has been accessed 3,134 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Thomas Hammond migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
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Thomas Hammond was born in England.

Contents

Disputed Origin

According to The Great Migration Directory ... (2015) the origins of immigrant Thomas Hammond are not known.[1] This implies that his parents are unknown also.

In 1876, Philip Battell reported the immigrant Thomas Hammond was baptized 9 January 1586, the son of Thomas Hammond and Rose Tripp of Lavenham. These are the parents of Watertown immigrant, William Hammond,[2] and they did have a son Thomas, born 1586, but the parish register reports "Thomas, son of Thomas Hamond" died the same month. The father's 1598 will, lists his other children, but no son Thomas. Separately, Anderson addressed the will of Rose (Trip) (Hammond) Steward in 1996, see "The English Origin of John Livermore" Register, 150:433).[3][4]

In 1904, Frederic Stam Hammond, proposed[5] he was the son of William and Mary (___) Hammond of Melford, baptized Melford Parish, 2 September 1603; married 12 November 1632, Elizabeth Cason. Anderson's Directory says specifically that this has not been proven to be the immigrant.

In a 1953 published memorial to Will Eli Osborn ("Memoirs"; Register), Arthur Adams (historian), followed the 1904 account, reporting Thomas Hammod, baptized Melford 2 September 1603, married Lavenham, 12 November 1623, Elizabeth Cason, daughter of Robert and Prudence (Hammond) Cason.[6]

The Great Migration Project as of 2015 concludes that the evidence is not sufficient to determine his parents and origins. Although we can not disprove that he was the son of William and Mary (___) Hammond of Melford.

Biography

  • 1636: Was of Hingham.[7][8][9]
  • 1636/7: March 9: Thomas took the freeman's oath.[10]
  • 1637: Thomas Hammond granted a house lot and five acres, abutting his own meadow, and lands of William Sprague. [11][12][citation needed]
  • 1639: Thomas of Hingham sued David Phippen for trespass by his hogs on the corn ground.[13] He sued Edmund Hubbard for similar trespass,[14][15] and then sued David Phippen again, with five others, for "their fences being down & unrepaired whereby all the trespasses have been done upon the plaintiff to his damage."[16][17]
  • 1650: 4: 12: Bought of Nicholas Hodgden two tracts of 67 and 29 acres land in Cambridge Hill/ Brookline with Vincent Druce.[8][9]
  • 1651: March 28: Thomas Hammond, planter of Hingham sold his house lot with 5 acres, and additional meadow of 20 acres to William Sprague.[18]
  • 1656: Thomas bought 330 acres of Esther Sparhawk at Cambridge. [9]
  • 1657: Constable. [8]
  • 1658: Thomas and Vincent Duce bought 600 acres, called the Royton Farm, at Muddy River/Brookline from Thomas Brattle. [9]
  • 1664: He and Vincent Duce divide their previous land purchases, between themselves. [8] [9]
  • 1664: Thomas Hammond of Hingham, with sons Thomas and Nathaniel, of the first members of the church organized at Newton. (p. 118)[9]

Thomas Hammond died in September 1675.[8][9] He is thought buried in the East Parish Burying Ground, Newton, where there is a headstone for Mrs. Elizabeth Hammond, undated.[19] There is also a monument at the site, commemorating the first settlers at Newton, including Thomas Hammond.[20][21]

In the will of Thomas Hammond of Cambridge, in New England, inventoried 5: 9: 1675 (Nov. 5, 1675), he left bequests to:[22][9]

  • wife Elizabeth
  • daughter Elizabeth Woodward
  • daughter Sarah Stedman
  • son Thomas
  • son Nathaniel

Children

  1. Thomas Hammond, Jr., born ___; died Oct. 20, 1678; married Elizabeth Stedman at Newton on Dec. 17, 1662.[23][24][25][26][8] (Probate, 1679.)[27]
  2. Elizabeth Hammond, born about 1634; married at Watertown, 17 August 1659, as his second wife, George Woodward, son of Richard.[8] She died at Watertown on Aug. 24, 1700, age 66.[28][29]
  3. Sarah Hammond, baptized Hingham, 13 September 1640,[9] died by 1678; married Nathaniel Stedman from Biddenton, Kent, son of Isaac. (p. 157)[30]
  4. Nathaniel Hammond, baptized Hingham, 12 March 1643; died 20 May 1691, age 48,[31]; married Mary ___. [9]

Research Notes

See also: Thomas Hammond Biographical Extracts
See also: Thomas Hammond Research Items (Includes parish/VR extracts.)

Great Migration Directory (2015). Entry for Thomas Hammond, whose origin is unknown; arrived 1636; Hingham, Cambridge. Works consulted as [ MBCR 1:372]; Lechford 175; HiBOP 90; NEHGR 121:13; Bond 272, 779; Hingham Hist 2:286; Frederick Stam Hammond, History and Genealogy of the Hammond Families in America, volume 2 (Oneida, New York, 1904) 1-5 (proposed English origin not proved)].[32]

Hammond -Trip Notes. Thomas Hammond of Lavenham, husband of Rose, died in 1589, his will, proved 11 December 1589, mentions: wife Ruth, son William, daughters Rose, Martha, Marie, Susan, and his sister Margaret Jollye: No mention of son Thomas. Same text notes: Thomas baptised Jan. 9, 1585 died on Jan. 16, 1585. See: (p. 51-52) History and Genealogies of the Hammond Families in America : with an Account of the Early History of the Family in Normandy and Great Britain. 1000-1902, by Frederick S. Hammond, Ryan & Burkhart Printers, Oneida, NY, 1902

Two Contemporary Thomas Hammond Immigrants. Henry Bond (page 269) cites a pedigree of the family in England provided to him by S. Hammond Russell Through the attention of Dr. T. W. Harris of Cambridge which supports the above.

According to James Savage's Genealogical Dictionary of The First Settlers of New England [33] there were two Thomas Hammonds who immigrated to Massachusetts in about the same time period. They both came from Lavenham, Suffolk, both lived in Watertown, Mass. and both had a son named "Thomas".

  • Thomas Hammond (this record), of Cavenham, Suffolk, England,1587-1675, younger brother of immigrant William Hammond. Lived in Hingham, Watertown and Campbridge Village.
Son Thomas, 1630-1714, born in Lavenham, married Elizabeth Stedman.
  • Thomas Hammond, 1618-1655, son of William Hammond, (and probable newphew of the Thomas Hammond listed above) lived in Watertown, m. Hannah Cross, had one posthumous child (Thomas) in 1656, Will mentions an estate in Lavenham, Suffolk, England. Wife died in 1657.
Son Thomas, born posthumously in July 1656, married Elizabeth Noyes and Sarah Pickard.

Sprague Genealogy. This work suggests Thomas Hammond and Anthony Eames arrived at Hingham with William Sprague at an earlier time c. 1629. Sprague (1828) writes[34] Sprague (1828) writes[35] that, William Sprague "came to Hingham this year (1629), in a boat, and landed on the east side of the cove ... on a lot of ground which was afterwards legally granted to him by the inhabitants of the town. Anthony Eames and Thomas Hammond were with him."

FindaGrave reports parents as William & Mary Hammond of Melford, England; Thomas was baptized, with his brother John, in Melford, Suffolk Co., England, Sept. 2, 1603.

Prior versions of profile. Narrative passages from prior versions of the profile include,

Thomas Hammond was baptized in England on January 9, 1586 at Lavenham, Suffolk, England.[8] and died there Jan. 16, 1586.[36]
Thomas Hammond, was baptized on Sept. 2, 1603, at Melford, England, son of William and Mary Cason.[37] This has not been proven. See disputed origins.
Thomas was married to Elizabeth Cason of Lavenham, England on Nov. 12, 1623. [38][9]
Elizabeth Cason was the daughter of Robert and Prudence (Hammond) Cason.[39]
Thomas Hammond was born on January 9, 1587, in Lavenham, Suffolk, England, possible son of Thomas Hammond, 42 and Rose Trippe, 38. He married Elizabeth ____on November 12, 1623, in Lavenham, Suffolk, England. . Sources do not agree on Elizabeth's surname. But if it was "Cason", she was probably his first cousin once removed.
The couple had at least four children. The oldest two were born in England. [40]
The family emigrated to Hingham, Massachusetts Colony by 1636. Thomas' brother, WIlliam, had immigrated in about 1630. Thomas and his family moved to Watertown by 1650 and Cambridge Village before 1675. He died on September 30, 1675, in Essex, Massachusetts, having lived a long life of 88 years, and was buried in Newton, Massachusetts. He prospered in Massachusetts and left "a very good estate."[41]

Sources

  1. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Directory: Immigrants to New England, 1620–1640 (Boston, Massachusetts. New England Historic and Genealogical Society. 2015) p 149.
  2. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III (1995), 850-854 (William Hammond); digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  3. Robert Charles Anderson, "The English Origin of John Livermore," New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 150 (1996):433; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  4. See also, "The Hammonds of Rehoboth and Swansea, Massachusetts," New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 149 (1995):211-29, 230-43; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  5. Frederick Stam Hammond, History and genealogies of the Hammond families in America ... (Oneida, N.Y. : Ryan & Burkhart, Printers, 1902), 2 vols. in 3 parts 2:1-5; digital images by subscription, Ancestry.com,
  6. Arthur Adams, "Memoirs of the Deceased Members of the New England Historic Genealogical Society," New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 107 (1953):226; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  7. George Lincoln, et al., History of the town of Hingham, Massachusetts ([Hingham] Pub. by the town, 1893), 3 vols. in 4, 1:1:202 (1636); digital images, Hathi Trust.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge Massachusetts ...(Boston H. O. Houghton Co., Riverside Press, Cambridge, MA, 1877); digital images, InternetArchive.
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 Francis Jackson, A History of the Early Settlement of Newton ... (Boston:, Printed by Stacy and Richardson. 1854) digital images, InternetArchive.
  10. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, Records of the governor and company of the Massachusetts bay ... (Boston, W. White, printer to the commonwealth, 1853-54), 5 vols. in 6, 1:372 (freemen); digital images, Hathi Trust.
  11. Hosea Sprague, The Genealogy of the Sprague's in Hingham ... (Hingham, H.Sprague, 1828), 13 (1629); digital images, Hathi Trust.
  12. George Lincoln, et al., History of the town of Hingham, Massachusetts ([Hingham] Pub. by the town, 1893), 3 vols. in 4, 2:286 (Hammond); digital images, Hathi Trust "He had land granted to him on Lower Pain, which adjoined the lots of William Sprague and Robert Jones."
  13. Citing "Lechford 175." Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume V, M-P (2007), 456 (David Phippen); digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  14. Citing "Lechford 175." Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III (1995), 960 (Edward Hobart); digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  15. Thomas Lechford and J. Hammond Trumbull, Edward Everett Hale, Jr., ed., Note-book kept by Thomas Lechford, esq. ... (Cambridge, John Wilson and son, 1885), 175; digital images, Hathi Trust.
  16. Citing "Lechford 176." Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume V, M-P (2007), 456 (David Phippen); digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  17. Thomas Lechford and J. Hammond Trumbull, Edward Everett Hale, Jr., ed., Note-book kept by Thomas Lechford, esq. ... (Cambridge, John Wilson and son, 1885), 176; digital images, Hathi Trust.
  18. Citing "SLR 2:255-56," Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Volumes I-III (1995), 1735-26 (William Spraque); digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  19. Find A Grave Memorial# 11386511.
  20. "East Parish Burying Ground, Newtown, MA: First Settlers Monument"; web content JohnFullerofNewton.org.
  21. Old East Parish Burying Ground Newton, Middlesex County, Massachusetts; web content, Internment.net.
  22. Thomas Hammond (Watertown) 1655 probate, case 10251 (3 pp.), Middlesex County, MA: Probate File Papers, 1648-1871; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  23. Tho[mas] Hammond 1678 death entry, Vital records of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to the year 1850 (Boston, Mass. [Wright & Potter Print. Co.], 1914-15), 2 vols., 2:586 (Hammond); digital images, Hathi Trust; Oct. 20, 167.
  24. Hamond-Stedman 1662 marriage, Vital records of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to the year 1850 (Boston, Mass. [Wright & Potter Print. Co.], 1914-15), 2 vols., 2:180 (Hamond); digital images, Hathi Trust; 17 December 1662; intention not recorded.
  25. Hammond-Stedman 1662 marriage entry, Vital records of Newton, Massachusetts, to the year 1850 (Boston, NEHGS, at the charge of the Eddy town-record fund, 1905), 300 (Hammond); digital images, Hathi Trust; Thomas and Elizabeth Stedman, Dec. 17, 1662; intention not recorded, notes: "Town copy with additions."
  26. Citing "Hingham Hist. 2:286," Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume VI, R-S (2009), 502 (Isaac Stedman); digital image by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  27. Thomas Hammond (Cambridge, 1679), probate case 10252 (3 pp.), Middlesex County, MA: Probate File Papers, 1648-1871; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  28. Elizabeth Woodward 1700 death entry, Watertown records [vol. 2] comprising the third book of town proceedings and the second book of births, marriages and deaths to end of 1737 also plan and register of burials in Arlington street burying ground (Watertown, Mass. : Press of Fred G. Barker, 1900), 1 vol. in multiple parts, variously paginated, [[BMD] Second Book]:14; digital images, Hathi Trust; "Elizabeth woodward Diceased August 24 : 1700 : Aged : 66."
  29. Citing "WaVR 1:22," Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England, 1634-1635, Volume VII, T-Y (2011), 530 (Richard Woodward); digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  30. Robert S. Wakefield, "The Family of Isaac Stedman of Scituate and Muddy River, Massachusetts," The American Genealogist, 69 (1994):157; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  31. Nath[anie]ll Hamond Sr. 1691 death entry, Vital records of Newton, Massachusetts, to the year 1850 (Boston, NEHGS, at the charge of the Eddy town-record fund, 1905), 457 (Hamond); digital images, Hathi Trust; "dup. Nathaniell Hammond" cites "G.R.I. [gravestone record, Centre Street Cemetery]" for "a. 49."
  32. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Directory: Immigrants to New England, 1620–1640 (Boston, Massachusetts. New England Historic and Genealogical Society. 2015) p 149.
  33. James Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England (Boston, Little, Brown and company, 1860-62), 4 vols., 2:346; digital images InternetArchive.
  34. Hosea Sprague, The Genealogy of the Sprague's in Hingham ... (Hingham, H.Sprague, 1828), 13 (1629); digital images, Hathi Trust.
  35. Hosea Sprague, The Genealogy of the Sprague's in Hingham ... (Hingham, H.Sprague, 1828), 13 (1629); digital images, Hathi Trust.
  36. Frederick Stam Hammond, History and genealogies of the Hammond families in America ... (Oneida, N.Y. : Ryan & Burkhart, Printers, 1902), 2 vols in 3 parts, 1:1:15-29, in particular parts, 15 (baptism), 19 (burial); digital images, InternetArchive.
  37. Frederick Stam Hammond, History and genealogies of the Hammond families in America ... (Oneida, N.Y. : Ryan & Burkhart, Printers, 1902), 2 vols in 3 parts, 1:1:15-29, in particular, 17; digital images, InternetArchive.
  38. Frederick Stam Hammond, History and genealogies of the Hammond families in America ... (Oneida, N.Y. : Ryan & Burkhart, Printers, 1902), 2 vols in 3 parts, 1:1:15-29, in particular, 20; digital images, InternetArchive.
  39. Arthur Adams, "Memoirs of the Deceased Members of the New England Historic Genealogical Society," New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 107 (1953):226; digital images by subscription, AmericanAncestors.
  40. James Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England (Boston, Little, Brown and company, 1860-62), 4 vols., 2:346; digital images InternetArchive
  41. James Savage, A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England (Boston, Little, Brown and company, 1860-62), 4 vols., 2:346; digital images InternetArchive
See also--
  • History and Genealogies of the Hammond Families in America [with an account of the early history of the family in Normandy and Great Britain] 1000-1902. Vol. 1 and vol. 2. By Frederick Stam Hammond; 1902-1904.
  • U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 (Ancestry.com)
  • Bond, Henry "Early Settlers of Watertown Massachusetts"; page 272 ( Hammond) and page 779 (additional Hammond).
Other--
  • Family Data Collection - Deaths (Ancestry.com)
  • U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s (Ancestry.com)


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Comments: 18

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Please take a look at the suffix on Thomas Hammond II (abt.1600-1675), as it rather implies his father is "Thomas."

Please also look at the profile of his son, Thomas Hammond III (abt.1632-1678), as that too suggests the immigrant's father was named "Thomas."

Thank you.--Gene

posted by GeneJ X
In April 2017, changes were made and a merge happened to combine two different Thomas Hammonds - one apparently born about 1603 who was a son of William (and cousin to WIlliam Hammond of Watertown); the other being the Thomas Hammond born in 1686 who had died (but that fact was apparently overlooked). It was during this conflationary period that the suffix II was added.

I haven't dug into this much, but it appears the two Thomas Hammonds should be separated again, and both profiles should be locked to prevent future conflation (assuming that is what happened). It still doesn't answer the question that Anderson's work suggests: that Thomas, son of WIlliam, was not proven to be the immigrant. In your recent work, Gene, did any information come to light to solidify that Thomas, son of William was certainly the immigrant?

In any event, I don't see anything to warrant certain suffixes on either this profile, or his son, Thomas. I would opt to remove the suffixes altogether, since without this Thomas having a certain father, Thomas, the suffixes are meaningless.

posted by S (Hill) Willson
William Hammond (bef.1575-1662) has son, Thomas Hammond (1618-1655).

While I surely may have overlooked something, I did not catch bits that suggested a conflated profile. William's son was of Watertown, however, might the issues be in those references?

posted by GeneJ X
I was mainly looking at change history that showed either a 1603 birth year in one case, or a 1586 birth and death in the other. I hadn’t looked at Watertown William or his father yet.

I know what a “confused” set of sources there are for the various Thomas Hammond(s) and their wives. Thank you for all your help.

posted by S (Hill) Willson
If there are no objections, I would like to reorganized and reformat the profile narrative. ---Gene

Edited to add: I first plan to

(a) move the oversized extracts/abstracts to one or more free space pages

(b) create a "Research Notes" subsection for this profile page

(c) normalized the "Sources" subsection for this profile page.


Edited again to add: More work could be done, especially with the History of Cambridge and Newton History sources, but my pass at updating this profile work is completed for now.

posted by GeneJ X
edited by GeneJ X
Just a heads up, the "unmerged match" profile recently added contains lengthy abstracts that could further splinter the existing profile.--Gene

Edited to add: I have removed the lengthy extractions from the to-be-merged profile; they have, at least temporarily, been moved to the new space page, Thomas Hammond Biographical Extracts

posted by GeneJ X
edited by GeneJ X
[deleted]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Hammond_(regicide)

This link claims: Thomas Hammond (c. 1600–1658), was an officer in the New Model Army and a regicide.

Hammond was the third son of the five children of Dr John Hammond (c. 1555–1617), physician to the royal household under James I, who purchased the site of Chertsey Abbey in Surrey in 1602.

He was associated with Oliver Cromwell.

Perhaps these claims are not sufficiently established, or I may not understand the purpose of wikitree, but thought it potentially relevant

posted by [deleted]
Kirk, thanks for your interest. The wikipedia article would seem to be about a different man who died in (apparently) England. This wikitree profile is about a man who immigrated to New England, although his origins are, as you can see from the amount of research done here, unproven. The 1600 birth year is an estimate.
posted by Brad Stauf
Shall we leave the birth date blank or say 1600?
posted by Anne B
I don't think there is a deposition or other document that might indicate his age. Maybe we can use 1600 as an uncertain guess.
Yes it should be changed. Do we have an estimated birth?
posted by Anne B
Should his date of birth be edited to reflected his unknown origins? It seems the Thomas who was born on this date died a week later as is pointed out in the bio.
Lightbulb, now I see what Hayward is saying, it's not the origins part of the sentence it's the parents part. I'll fix that. Thank you Hayward for pointing that out
posted by Anne B
I have a copy of the Great Migration Directory by Anderson in front of me it says: "Hammond, Thomas: Unknown; 1636; Hingham, Cambridge" then lists sources. Unknown is his origins.
posted by Anne B
With regard to the first paragraph of the "Disputed Origins" discussion, please note that the Great Migrations Dictionary indicates origins, but does not deal with parents.
posted by Hayward Houghton II
Hammond-6320 and Hammond-367 appear to represent the same person because: Same name, same date
posted by Bob Tonsmeire
Hammond-4926 and Hammond-367 appear to represent the same person because: Clear duplicate. Same wife, birth and death dates.
posted by Victoria VanAllen
Listed married 1623; death 1675, but profile says died in infancy - ?different Thomas.
posted by Chris Hoyt