|Queen of the United Kingdom
20 June 1837 - 22 January 1901
1 May 1876
|Empress of India
1 May 1876 - 22 January 1901
||Victoria (Hannover) of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.|
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Queen Victoria was the monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. From 1 May 1876 on she was also the Empress of India. Queen Victoria was the last British monarch from the House of Hanover.
Not long after turning 12, Victoria began a detailed and highly characteristic journal that she kept throughout her life. She also enjoyed drawing and painting, which she did throughout her life.
Despite being fifth in line when she was born, Victoria inherited the throne at age 18, after her father's three older brothers had died with no legitimate surviving children.
The early years of Victoria's reign were influenced by Lord Melbourne, who was the prime minister at the time, and later became a dear friend as well as political adviser.
Queen Victoria's reign oversaw major progress through the United Kingdom, notably the rail system and London Underground, as well as in other areas of science and industry, including the sewer system.
The United Kingdom under Victoria doubled in size, adding Canada, Australia, India, countries in Africa, and in the South Pacific.
Victoria married her cousin, Prince Albert, son of her mother's brother, in 1840. Because she was queen, Albert was not permitted to propose to her, so she was the one to do so on October 15th, 1839. His German heritage made him a difficult adjustment with her subjects, but they eventually accepted him as they saw her love and devotion to him as well as his devotion to their country. Despite passionately disagreeing on many subjects, they two were wholly devoted to each other and Albert's early death would shape Victoria's image and reign in a way neither would have anticipated. Following his death from typhoid fever, Victoria went into a 25-year mourning period, noted by her black attire throughout those years.
Albert and Victoria had nine children together, despite the fact that Victoria hated being pregnant and feared childbirth. She loved her children dearly once they arrived, though, and was a devoted mother. Their children's marriages and their children united a large portion of European ruling families together through marriage.
Once Queen Victoria was able to emerge from the grief of her loss of Albert, she found a dear friend in John Brown. Many have made assumptions about the relationship, and there are some murky waters left from her daughter Beatrice destroying some of her journals which likely pointed to a more intimate relationship than the public was allowed to know about, but there is no doubt she valued her relationship with John and he with her. She called her Scottish companion her "dearest friend" while others referred to him as the "Queen's Stallion."
Queen Victoria died 22 January 1901, at the age of 81. She reigned for 63 years, 7 months, and 2 days, making her the longest-reigning British monarch and the longest-reigning queen regnant in history, until the later reign of her great great granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
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