Ferdinand II (9 July 1578 – 15 February 1637), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor (1619–1637), King of Bohemia (1617–1619, 1620–1637), and King of Hungary (1618–1625). His rule coincided with the Thirty Years' War.
He was born at Graz, the son of Charles II, Archduke of Austria, and Maria Anna of Bavaria. In 1600, Ferdinand married Maria Anna of Bavaria (1574-1616), daughter of Duke William V of Bavaria. They had seven children:
Archduchess Christine (25 May 1601 – 12/21 June 1601)
Archduke Charles (25 May 1603)
Archduke John-Charles (1 November 1605 – 26 December 1619)
Ferdinand III (13 July 1608 – 2 April 1657) married: 1631 Infanta Maria Anna of Spain; 1648 Maria Leopoldine of Austria; 1651 Eleanor Gonzaga (1630–1686)
Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (13 January 1610 – 25 September 1665)
Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria (16 July 1611 – 24 March 1644), who married her cousin Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland.
Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria (1614–1662).
In 1622, he married Eleonore of Mantua (Gonzaga) (1598–1655), the daughter of Duke Vincenzo I of Mantua and Eleonora de' Medici, at Innsbruck.
He died in 1637, leaving to his son Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, an empire still entangled in a war and whose fortunes seemed to be increasingly fading away. Ferdinand II was buried in his Mausoleum in Graz. His heart was interred in the Herzgruft (heart crypt) of the Augustinian Church, Vienna.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Ferdinand II by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA test-takers in his direct paternal line.
Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line: