Categories: House of Habsburg.
||Maximilian II (Hapsburg) Habsburg was a member of aristocracy in Europe.|
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He is the son of Ferdinand Hapsburg and Anne Ottokar. King of Bohemia from 20 September 1563 – 12 October 1576, King of Hungary and Croatia 8 September 1563 – 12 October 1576, King in Germany 28 November 1562 – 12 October 1576, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and Archduke of Austria from 1564 until his death.
Born in Vienna, he was a son of his predecessor Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547). He was named after his great-grandfather, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor.
In November 1562 Maximilian was chosen king of the Romans, or German king, at Frankfurt. In 1575, Maximilian was elected by the part of Polish and Lithuanian magnates to be the King of Poland in opposition to Stephan IV Bathory, but he did not manage to become widely accepted there and was forced to leave Poland.
Married his cousin Maria, daughter of Charles V in September 1548. They had nine sons and six daughters. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Rudolf, who had been chosen king of the Romans in October 1575. Another son, Matthias, also became emperor; three others, Ernest, Albert and Maximilian, took some part in the government of the Habsburg territories or of the Netherlands, and a daughter, Elizabeth, married Charles IX of France.
Maximilian died on 12 October 1576 in Regensburg while preparing to invade Poland. He is buried in St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague.
|King of Hungary
26 July 1564 - 12 October 1576
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