William Henry Harrison

William Henry Harrison (1773 - 1841)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
President William Henry Harrison
Born in Berkeley Plantation, Charles City Co, Va.map
Husband of — married in Elopedmap
Died in White House, Washington, DCmap
Harrison-912 created 25 Mar 2011 | Last modified | Last edit: 12 Apr 2017
09:30: David Hughey Ph.D. edited the Father Status Indicator and Mother Status Indicator for William Harrison. [Thank David for this]
This page has been accessed 9,015 times.

Categories: US Presidents | Parents of US Presidents | US Ambassadors to Colombia | US Senators from Ohio | US Representatives from Ohio | Whig Political Party | Indiana Territory Governors | Namesakes US Counties | Notables.

badge-image William Harrison was awarded a
Congressional Gold Medal
in the War of 1812

Notables
William Harrison is notable.
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The Presidential Seal.
William Harrison was the President of the United States.
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Preceded by
8th President
Martin Van Buren




Preceded by
Indiana Territory organized
July 4, 1800





Preceded by
Ethan Allen Brown
William Henry Harrison
9th President of
the United States
Presidential Seal
1841

1st Governor of
Indiana Territory

State Seal of Indiana
1801—1812

US Senator (Class 3)
from Ohio
[1]
Seal of the US Senate
1825—1828
Succeeded by
10th President
John Tyler




Succeeded by
Acting Territorial Governor

John Gibson




Succeeded by
Jacob Burnet

Contents

⚠ Work in Progress

This profile is being included as part of the WikiTree Presidential Project. Since historical information is readily available documenting the lives of the U.S. Presidents this profile will mainly document genealogically important events in the form of a timeline. Every effort is being made to avoid plagiarism. The US Presidents Users Group is committed to proper documentation of all sources and references. If you would like to learn more about this WikiTree project please visit the US Presidents User Group page.

1758 Birth 1786 Marriage 1787 1st Child 1817 Elected President 1823 Monroe Doctrine 1841 Death


Biography

William Henry Harrison (February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841) was the ninth President of the United States (1841), an American military officer and politician, and the first president to die in office. He was 68 years, 23 days old when inaugurated, the oldest president to take office until Ronald Reagan in 1981, and last President to be born before the United States Declaration of Independence. Harrison died on his 32nd day in office of complications from pneumonia, serving the shortest tenure in United States presidential history. His death sparked a brief constitutional crisis, but that crisis ultimately resolved many questions about presidential succession left unanswered by the Constitution until passage of the 25th Amendment.

Before election as president, Harrison served as the first territorial congressional delegate from the Northwest Territory, governor of the Indiana Territory and later as a U.S. representative and senator from Ohio. He originally gained national fame for leading U.S. forces against American Indians at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811,where he earned the nickname "Tippecanoe" (or "Old Tippecanoe"). As a general in the subsequent War of 1812, his most notable contribution was a victory at the Battle of the Thames in 1813, which brought an end to hostilities in his region. Read more here[[1]] “In defeating the combined British and Indian forces under Major General Proctor, on the Thames, in Upper Canada, on October 5, 1813, and in capturing the British Army with their baggage, camp equipage and artillery.” He was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.

"Give him a barrel of hard cider and settle a pension of two thousand a year on him, and my word for it," a Democratic newspaper foolishly gibed, "he will sit ... by the side of a 'sea coal' fire, and study moral philosophy. " The Whigs, seizing on this political misstep, in 1840 presented their candidate William Henry Harrison as a simple frontier Indian fighter, living in a log cabin and drinking cider, in sharp contrast to an aristocratic champagne-sipping Van Buren.

Harrison was in fact a scion of the Virginia planter aristocracy. He was born at Berkeley in 1773. He studied classics and history at Hampden-Sydney College, then began the study of medicine in Richmond.

Suddenly, that same year, 1791, Harrison switched interests. He obtained a commission as ensign in the First Infantry of the Regular Army, and headed to the Northwest, where he spent much of his life.

In the campaign against the Indians, Harrison served as aide-de-camp to General "Mad Anthony" Wayne at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, which opened most of the Ohio area to settlement. After resigning from the Army in 1798, he became Secretary of the Northwest Territory, was its first delegate to Congress, and helped obtain legislation dividing the Territory into the Northwest and Indiana Territories. In 1801 he became Governor of the Indiana Territory, serving 12 years.

His prime task as governor was to obtain title to Indian lands so settlers could press forward into the wilderness. When the Indians retaliated, Harrison was responsible for defending the settlements.

The threat against settlers became serious in 1809. An eloquent and energetic chieftain, Tecumseh, with his religious brother, the Prophet, began to strengthen an Indian confederation to prevent further encroachment. In 1811 Harrison received permission to attack the confederacy.

While Tecumseh was away seeking more allies, Harrison led about a thousand men toward the Prophet's town. Suddenly, before dawn on November 7, the Indians attacked his camp on Tippecanoe River. After heavy fighting, Harrison repulsed them, but suffered 190 dead and wounded.

The Battle of Tippecanoe, upon which Harrison's fame was to rest, disrupted Tecumseh's confederacy but failed to diminish Indian raids. By the spring of 1812, they were again terrorizing the frontier.

In the War of 1812 Harrison won more military laurels when he was given the command of the Army in the Northwest with the rank of brigadier general. At the Battle of the Thames, north of Lake Erie, on October 5, 1813, he defeated the combined British and Indian forces, and killed Tecumseh. The Indians scattered, never again to offer serious resistance in what was then called the Northwest.

Thereafter Harrison returned to civilian life; the Whigs, in need of a national hero, nominated him for President in 1840. He won by a majority of less than 150,000, but swept the Electoral College, 234 to 60.

When he arrived in Washington in February 1841, Harrison let Daniel Webster edit his Inaugural Address, ornate with classical allusions. Webster obtained some deletions, boasting in a jolly fashion that he had killed "seventeen Roman proconsuls as dead as smelts, every one of them."

Webster had reason to be pleased, for while Harrison was nationalistic in his outlook, he emphasized in his Inaugural that he would be obedient to the will of the people as expressed through Congress.

But before he had been in office a month, he caught a cold that developed into pneumonia. On April 4, 1841, he died--the first President to die in office--and with him died the Whig program. [2]

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Family Life

In 1795 Harrison met Anna Symmes, of North Bend, Ohio. She was the daughter of Judge John Cleves Symmes, a prominent figure in the state, and former representative to the Congress of the Confederation. When Harrison asked the judge for permission to marry Anna, he was refused. Harrison waited until Symmes left on business, then he and Anna eloped and married on November 25, 1795. Afterward, concerned about Harrison's ability to provide for Anna, Symmes sold the young couple 160 acres (65 ha) of land in North Bend.

Together they had 10 children. Nine lived into adulthood and one died in infancy. Anna was frequently in poor health during the marriage, primarily due to her many pregnancies. Nevertheless, she outlived William by 23 years, dying at age 88 on February 25, 1864.

Harrison is also believed to have had six children with one of his female slaves, Dilsia[2]. When he ran for president he did not want "bastard slave children" around, so he gave four of his children to his brother, who sold them to a Georgia planter. Through this family line, Harrison is the great-grandfather of famous black civil rights activist Walter Francis White. White was the president of the NAACP from 1931–1955.

Personal Details

  • Born: February 9, 1773, Charles City, Virginia Colony
  • Spouse: Anna Tuthill Symmes (1775-1864), on November 25, 1795
  • Children[[4]]:
  1. Elizabeth Bassett Harrison (1796-1846);
  2. John Cleves Symmes Harrison (1798-1830);
  3. Lucy Singleton Harrison (1800-26);
  4. William Henry Harrison (1802-38);
  5. John Scott Harrison (1804-78);
  6. Benjamin Harrison (1806-40);
  7. Mary Symmes Harrison (1809-42);
  8. Carter Bassett Harrison (1811-39);
  9. Anna Tuthill Harrison (1813-65);
  10. James Findlay Harrison (1814-17)

* Profession: Military officer

  • Religion: Episcopal

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Most Distant Known Ancestors

Paternal David Monroe born Scotland, husband of Agnes
Link to 10 Generation Paternal Chart
Maternal Elizabeth Jones born in 1730, wife of Spence Monroe
Link to 10 Generation Maternal Chart

Legacy

  • Four U.S. states have counties named after President Harrison. They are: Indiana, Iowa, Mississippi, and Ohio.

Sources

  1. Resigned to become U.S. Minister to Colombia, vacant May 20, 1828 – December 10, 1828 when successor elected.
  2. this needs more research


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with William by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with William:

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Images: 6
William Harrison 9th President
William Harrison 9th President

William Henry Harrison Accomplishments
William Henry Harrison Accomplishments

William Henry Harrison Image 3
William Henry Harrison Image 3

William Henry Harrison Image 4
William Henry Harrison Image 4

Harrison Congressional Gold Medal
Harrison Congressional Gold Medal

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On 7 Apr 2014 at 03:03 GMT M. (Stewart) H. wrote:

Michelle; was John C Symmes affiliated with the Symmes purchase of Ohio?



William is 15 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 26 degrees from Ole Evinrude, 17 degrees from Abby Glann, 19 degrees from Charles Schulz and 16 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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