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Thomas Hart (bef. 1605 - bef. 1668)

Thomas Hart
Born before in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
[spouse(s) unknown]
Descendants descendants
Father of and
Died before in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, Englandmap [uncertain]
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Profile last modified | Created 22 Apr 2020
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Biography

Flag of Warwickshire (adopted 2016)
Thomas Hart was born in Warwickshire, England.

Thomas Hart was the son of William Hart, hatter, of Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, and his wife Joan Shakespeare.[1] He was baptised on 24 July 1605 at Holy Trinity, Stratford,[2]

He was the nephew of English playwright and poet William Shakespeare. In 1616, he was bequeathed £5 in Shakespeare's will.[3][4]

His wife's name was Margaret or Margery.[5][6][1] He had at least two children baptised at Holy Trinity, Stratford:

  1. Thomas, baptised 13 April 1634 (“Thomas filius Thomae Hart.”)[7]
  2. George, baptised 18 September 1636 (“Georgius filius Tho: Hart.”)[8]

In 1653, he provided a surety to the court of sessions at Stratford when his son "Thomas Hart, junior, shoemaker" was bound over to keep the peace, He was described as "Thomas Hart, senior of Stratford, yeoman."[9]

He died before 1668 and his widow Margaret or Margery was appointed to administer his appointed to administer his goods and chattels.[5][6]

When his cousin Dame Elizabeth Bernard died in February 1669/79, she gave his son Thomas the buildings in Henley Street, Stratford, now known as Shakespeare's Birthplace. Her will dated 29 January 1669/70 states:

I give & devise unto my kinsman Thomas Hart the sonn of Thomas Hart late of Stratford upon Avon aforesd All that my other Mesuage or Inn scituate in Stratford upon Avon aforesd comonly called the Maidenhead ... And the next howse therunto adioyning wth the Barne belonging to the same ... To hold to him the said Thomas Hart the sonn & the heyres of his body And for default of such issue I give and devise the same to George Hart (brother of the said Thomas Hart) and to the heyres of his body[10][11]

Research Notes

He was possibly the father of two other children baptised at Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon:[1]

  1. Michael, baptised 29 September 1633 (“Michael filius Thomae Hart.”)[12]
  2. Mary, baptised 18 June 1641 (“Maria filia Thomae Hart.”)[13]

There is some doubt about whether he was the father of Michael because there is only seven months between his baptism in September 1633 and the baptism of his son Thomas in April 1634.

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 G. R. French, Shakespeareana Genealogica, Cambridge, 1869, pages 397-9. Internet Archive (accessed 23 Apr 2020)
  2. Richard Savage, The registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick, Baptisms, 1558-1652 , London: privately printed, 1897, page 71. Internet Archive (accessed 20 Apr 2020)
  3. The National Archives. Reference: PROB 1/4. Description: Will of William Shakespeare 25 March 1616. Proved 22 June 1616. Date: 22 June 1616. A transcript is here.
  4. 'Shakespeare's last will and testament: made 25 March 1616, proved 22 June 1616.' Shakespeare Documented, Folger Shakespeare Library (accessed 8 Apr 2020)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Shakespeare Birthplace Trust. Reference: BRU12/2/4/119. Description: Margaret Hart widow, administratrix of the goods of Thomas Hart deceased, v. Richard Sturley. Date: [1668].
  6. 6.0 6.1 Shakespeare Birthplace Trust. Reference: BRU12/2/4/135. Description: Margery Hart, the widow and administratrix of the goods and chattells of Thomas Hart, v. Richard Sturley. Date: 1668.
  7. Richard Savage, The registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick, Baptisms, 1558-1652 , London: privately printed, 1897, page 122. Internet Archive (accessed 22 Apr 2020)
  8. Richard Savage, The registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick, Baptisms, 1558-1652 , London: privately printed, 1897, page 126. Internet Archive (accessed 22 Apr 2020)
  9. Shakespeare Birthplace Trust. Miscellaneous Quarter Sessions papers: Stratford-upon-Avon Borough. Reference: BRT4/1/1/126. Description: Recognizance of Thomas Hart, junior, shoemaker, to keep the peace. Sureties Thomas Hart, senior of Stratford, yeoman, and Walter Jilkes of Stratford, labourer. Date: 15 Dec 1653.
  10. 'Will of Elizabeth Barnard, Shakespeare's granddaughter and his last surviving descendant: original copy', 4 Mar 1670, Shakespeare Documented, Folger Shakespeare Library (accessed 22 Apr 2020)
  11. The National Archives. Reference: Reference: PROB 11/332/366. Description: Will of Dame Elizabeth Barnard, Wife of Abington, Northamptonshire. Date: 04 March 1670.
  12. Richard Savage, The registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick, Baptisms, 1558-1652 , London: privately printed, 1897, page 121. Internet Archive (accessed 22 Apr 2020)
  13. Richard Savage, The registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick, Baptisms, 1558-1652 , London: privately printed, 1897, page 136. Internet Archive (accessed 22 Apr 2020)


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