||Thomas Harvey Jr. migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).|
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This Thomas Harvey b. 1617 has been long believed to be the brother of William Harvey b. 1614; both born in Somersetshire, England and who together immigrated from there to Dorchester, Mass. in 1636.
Recent Y-DNA test results upon direct male line descendants of these two men has established that, while possibly half brothers, they may not have been sired by the same father.
See below for further details.
William Harvey of Taunton discussion :
1. Five closely related Y-DNA tested men, supported by individually researched genealogical paper trails leading back to William Harvey of Taunton, b. ~ 1614, have all been confirmed, via Y-DNA testing, as belonging to haplogroup (E-M84/L29/Z795). As of today their most distant common ancestor (CA) is Thomas Harvey b. 1641, first born son of William Harvey of Taunton and his wife Joanna Hucker. This specific "E" haplogroup/haplotype has been found to be very much a rare outlier amidst the E haplogroup universe.
This close connection was recently established by the appearance of a newly found direct line male descendant of John Harvey b. 1683, third son of Thomas Harvey b. 1641, who has been Y-DNA tested as E-M84 by 23andMe DNA lab. His Y-DNA test results indicate he is closely related to the five direct line male descendants of Zachariah Harvey b. 1711; Zachariah is a gr-grandson of William Harvey of Taunton, as his father, Thomas Harvey b. 1682, was second son of Thomas Harvey b. 1641.
With these facts in mind, the last link for proving that the E-M84 haplogroup designation applies to William Harvey of Taunton b. 1614, would be to : find and test a male direct line descendant of Thomas Harvey b. 1641 -- father of Thomas Harvey b. 1682 and grandfather of Zachariah Harvey b. 1711. Update : 5/8/2021 Per the above discussion This has now been accomplished.
John Harvey b. 1736, Zachariah Harvey b. 1744, and Isaiah Harvey b. 1758 are the three sons of Zachariah Harvey b. 1711 who have been Y-DNA tested through four living male direct line descendants - one man descended through John b. 1736, one man descended through Zachariah b. 1744 and two men descended through different sons of Isaiah b. 1758 (last son of Zachariah) .
Thus the previous broken link between William Harvey of Taunton and gr-grandson Zachariah Harvey appears to now be connected.
Thomas Harvey Jr. discussion :
2. Seven direct line Harvey males, all with individually developed genealogical paper trails, exhibit a very strong "R" haplogroup/haplotype pattern with a Y-DNA matching connection back to Thomas Harvey Jr. b. 1617 (Thomas has long been a purported brother of William Harvey of Taunton). These seven Harvey surname matches (of a total of 12 males of whom 5 have other than Harvey surnames) have been Y-DNA tested and have been confirmed as all belonging to haplogroup R-M269. One Harvey surname and one other surname of the 12 matches have also been further tested downstream and currently match at R-BY62546. R--BY62546 is very broadly estimated to be about 2300 years of age. (SNP Tracker). At this time it is not known when, where, or how the Harvey/other surname connections came to be - quite probably before surname usage. Deeper SNP testing will be required to flesh this out.
Thomas Harvey b. 1643 and William Harvey b. 1645 are the two sons of Thomas Harvey b. 1617 who have been Y-DNA tested through seven living male direct line descendants - one man descended through Thomas b. 1643 and four men descended through William b. 1645. An appropriate living male direct line descendant of the third son John Harvey b. 1647 has not been found for testing to-date.
3. Nothing found through Y-DNA testing thus far has presented any errors, differences, or changes to the facts to be found in the Massachusetts/Taunton vital records or in the well-known Harvey Book published in 1899 by Oscar Jewell Harvey - except that these two Harvey men do not appear to be brothers from a paternal genetic perspective.
Apparently further Y-DNA confirmation or refutation of the paternal parentage of William Harvey b. ~1614 and Thomas Harvey b. 1617 will need to come from living, tested,direct line male descendants of William of Taunton b. ~1614 and Thomas Harvey Jr. b. 1617 currently living in England or environs with long term ancestral roots there.
The fact remains that the long-held full brother-hood relationship between William Harvey b. ~1614 and Thomas Harvey b. 1617 remains more in doubt than ever before.
About Thomas Harvey Jr. - []
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