Antoine Hebert
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Antoine Hebert (abt. 1621 - aft. 1686)

Antoine Hebert
Born about in Francemap [uncertain]
Son of and [mother unknown]
Brother of
Husband of — married about 1648 in Port Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap
Descendants descendants
Died after in Port-Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap [uncertain]
Profile last modified | Created 11 Jun 2010
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Antoine Hebert is an Acadian.
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Antoine Hebert has French origins.
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Antoine Hebert migrated from France to Acadia.
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Contents

Discussion

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Parentage. There is a debate about the parents of the Hébert brothers.[1] According to Godbout, the Hébert brothers may have been the children of Jacques Hébert and Marie Juneau.[2][3] The evidence supporting this claim is a link between: a) the presence of a Jacques Hébert in Acadia 30 years before the presence of the brothers Etienne and Antoine; and b) the April 15 1688 marriage contract at Quebec (Notary Lecompte; witness Louis Hebert's daughter Marie-Guillemette Hébert) between Francoise Chevalier and a Jacques Hébert from Le Haye in the Touraine parish of Balsesne, who was the son of Jacques and Marie Juneau. Stephen White argues that the connection is tenuous.[3] The name of the Jacques in the aforementioned contract had a surname Habert. Moreover, the presence of the witness Marie-Guillemette Hébert was likely due to the fact that Françoise Chevalier was her servant.

Location of Birth. Stephen White remains silent presumably due to the lack of birth records.[3] In contrast, Massignon [4] argues that a number of famillial alliances that existed among the first Acadian settlers PRIOR to their arrival from France points to a common French origin. She believes they lived in the Acadian Governor d'Aulnay's seigneury in France near Loudun (comprising of the villages of Angliers, Aulnay, Martaizé and La Chausée). In the case of the Hébert family, it was allied with the Gaudet through Antoine's marriage to Marie. Marie's sister Francoise was also allied with the LeBLanc family through her marriage to Daniel. Evidence of their marriages in France is found in the Belle-Isle-en-Mer declarations in 1767. Moreover, a certain Jean Gaudet, was censistaire in 1634 on land at Martaizé (Vienne) in the Seigneurie owned by the mother of Acadian governor Charles d'Aulnay. However, Massignon's research failed to find any relevant baptismal or marriage records.

DNA. The French Heritage yDNA project, including Acadian lines, is posted here. Validated ancestral signatures for Acadians including brothers Antoine and Etienne Hébert are found here. As of June 2014, there were results from ten of their descendants including two family trees of Antoine and four family trees of Etienne.

Arrival in Acadia. There is no evidence supporting the couple's arrival in Acadia. It was certainly before 1671, as the family is listed there. Therefore it is not clear how the historical events in Acadia, provided in the timeline below, may have affected Antoine.

Biography

The Acadian Hébert family stems from two brothers. Antoine Hébert (brother of Etienne) was born around 1621[3] likely in France.[5] The brothers are often believed to be the sons of Jacques Hébert and Marie Juneau, but this is most likely false.[1]

Around 1648, Antoine married Geneviève Lefranc. Between about 1649 and 1656 the couple had three children: 1. Jean born c1649; 2. Jean born c1653 who married Marie-Anne Doucet c1676 and died before 1707; and 3. Catherine born c1656 who married Jacques LeBlanc c1673.

Antoine's brother Etienne married around the same time (1650). It is not clear when Antoine arrived in Acadia.

At the time of the first Acadian Census in 1671[6], the family was living in Port-Royal, Acadia (today Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, Canada). Fifty year old Antoine and 58 year old Geneviève were living with their four children. Antoine was a cooper. Six arpents [7] of their land (in two places) was cultivated and they had 15 cattle and 18 sheep. It is not clear where their homestead was situated, although their nephews' farms were on the south bank of the Dauphin (Annapolis River) east of the fort.[3][8]

In 1686 Antoine, age 72 and Geneviève 80, were living with their son Jean, his wife Anne Doucet and their 5 children.[9]

Antoine probably died by 1693, since he does not appear in that census.

Timeline

c1621 birth
1632 Treaty Saint-Germain-en-Laye cedes Acadia to France; Razilly brings ~300 elite men[10]
1636 Arrival of the first French families to settle permanently[4]
c1648 marriage to Geneviève Lefranc
c1649 birth, son Jean
c1653 birth, son Jean
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases[11]
c1656 birth, daughter Catherine
1667-70 Treaty of Breda cedes Acadia to the French; settlement resumes[12]
1671 residence, in Port Royal
1678 residence, in Port Royal[13]
1686 residence, in Port Royal
b1693 death

This is language issue with and without

Research Note

The nosorigines family tree has him married to Genevieve Lefranc.

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 White, Stephen A. English Supplement to the Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton NB: Centre D'Études Acadiennes, 2000, p 163-164.
  2. Godbout, Archange. "Origine des Hébert Acadiens," in Mémoires of the Société généalogique canadienne-française, vol. VII (1956), pp. 122-123
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D’études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print. p.798-801,1373-1375
  4. 4.0 4.1 Massignon, Geneviève. "Les parlers français d'Acadie, enquête linguistique", Librairie Klincksieck, Paris, 1962, 2 tomes. p.50, 47, 32, 38 first French families in Acadia
  5. White, Stephen A. Origins of the Pioneers of Acadia, According to the Depositions made by Their Descendants at Belle-Ile-en-Mer in 1767 English Translation, Publication: University of Moncton, Centre d'études acadiennes; Online .
  6. Tim Hebert; Transcription of the 1671 Acadian Census, at Port-Royal, Acadie. 1671 Census Transcribed. The original census can be found at Census microfilm C-2572 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752” Images 3-14.
    Antoine HEBERT, cooper, 50, wife Genevieve LAFRAND 58; Children: Jean 22, Jehan 18, Catherine 15; cattle 18, sheep 7, 6 arpents in 2 places
  7. Statistics Canada 1 arpent= 0.845 acres
  8. 1707 homestead location of the farm of Jean, Jean Emmanual, and Alexandre Hebert. In Au Coeur de l'Acadie Acadian Settlement on the Annapolis River 1707 Map Parks Canada
  9. Tim Hebert; Transcription of the 1686 Acadian Census, at Port-Royal, Acadie 1686 Census Transcribed. The original census can be found at Acadian Census microfilm C-2572 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752”, Images 15-60.
    Jean HEBERT 32, Anne DOUCET 22; children: Jacques 9, Pierre 7, Jean 5, Joseph 2 months, Jeanne3. Antoine HEBERT 72, Genevieve LEFRANC 80.
  10. George MacBeath, “RAZILLY (Rasilly), ISAAC DE,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/razilly_isaac_de_1E.html.
  11. William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/sedgwick_robert_1E.html.
  12. In collaboration, “MORILLON DU BOURG,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013, http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/morillon_du_bourg_1E.html.
  13. Tim Hebert; 1678 Port Royal Acadian Census noting that the correlations for this census were done by Rev. Clarence J. d'Entremont, Fairhaven, Massachusetts.1678 Census
    Anthoine Hebert & Geneviefve Le Fran, Jac Le Blanc & Catherine Hebert, 2 & 2 cattle 30 sheep, Jean Hebert & Marye Doucet, 1 boy: 1 1677; 20 cattle, 10 acres.


Voir aussi / See Also :

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Antoine by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage (beta) of DNA with Antoine:

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Comments: 10

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Hebert-4870 and Hebert-54 appear to represent the same person because: Same name, same birth year. Same spouse (see notes in Hebert-4870. NO conflicting information.
posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
Why is this an unmerged match? It is the same person, even the same son. These should be reproposed.
posted on Hebert-4870 (merged) by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
Hebert-3439 and Hebert-54 appear to represent the same person because: Same name.

Same birthdate (1621 is mentioned in bio) Same spouse, same marriage information The three children of Hebert-54 are listed in the other biography Same death information.

posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
Isaac Taylor: to your question. I'm not sure why you are asking that but, I see nothing in the bio to indicate that he had another name. You may follow the links in the bio to see if any of the cited sources indicate that. Please let us know what you find out! Thanks for your interest.
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
Was his middle name Jacques?
posted by Isaac Taylor
Hebert-2582 and Hebert-54 appear to represent the same person because: Hi Frank,

As mentioned earlier, you should think of merging them. Take a good look before doing it, just in case...

André.

posted by André Vachon
This is amazing research! We should all use this as an example of how to include contentious issues as discussion points.
posted by Nina Pyne
I am removing the link to Jacques Hebert and Marie Juneau. This contentious link is discussed in the biography.
posted by Annette Cormier