Categories: Notables | Famous Authors of the 20th Century | Journalists | American Novelists | Nobel Laureates of the 20th Century | Pulitzer Prize Winners | This Day In History July 02 | This Day In History July 21 | Silver Medal of Military Valor | World War I | World War II | Bronze Star Medal | Nominated Profiles.
- b. 21 Jul 1899 Oak Park, Illinois
- Burial: Ketchum, Blaine, Idaho, United States
Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on 21 July, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois and died when he shot himself July 2nd, 1961. A renown journalist, novelist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature, he is remembered for his stories.
When Ernest was born his father, "Doc Ed", a country doctor, blew a horn on his front porch to announce that his wife had given birth to a son.
Hemingway's mother was an aspiring opera singer who taught music when her career did not pan out. She was very much a product of the strict Protestant Oak Park area where she lived. Hemingway later described the place he lived as having, "wide lawns and narrow minds."
Ernest's mother wanted him to follow her love of music, but he was drawn to his father's lifestyle. He preferred the outdoors: hunting, fishing and camping. The woods and lakes of Northern Michigan led him to explore these hobbies. The family summer home, called Windemere, was near Petoskey on Walloon Lake. These early years would shape Ernest's future and inspire much of his writing.
Hemingway attended Oak Park and River Forest High school. He stood out academically and athletically. He excelled at boxing and football, as well as English. He wrote for his school newspaper, Trapeze, the yearbook Tabula, and served as editor his senior year. He wrote under the pen name Ring Lardner, Jr. as a tribute to his idol, Ring Lardner.
Kansas City Star
After graduation, Hemingway skipped college to be a cub reporter for The Kansas City Star. He worked there from 17 October, 1917 to 30 April 1918. He later said he used what he learned at the Star for his future writing style.
"Use short sentences. Use short first paragraphs. Use vigorous English. Be positive, not negative."
World War I
Hemingway left his job after seven months to join the U.S. Army to see WWI in action, but failed an eye exam. So he joined the Red Cross Ambulance Corps. Nevertheless, Hemingway continued to seek out combat. Once, while his unit was stopped in Paris, Hemingway left the Hotel Florida to get closer to the combat zone.
When he finally got a glimpse of war, it shook him up. Shortly after arriving on the Italian Front, an ammunition factory near Milan was blown up. Hemingway was responsible for sifting through the primarily female remains. In a later short story titled A Natural History of the Dead he recounted the horror of this experience.
On 8 July, 1918 Hemingway was wounded delivering supplies. He was struck by shrapnel from a mortal shell which remained in his legs. He was also hit by machine-gun fire. He was awarded the Silver Medal and Military Valor from the Italian government for carrying a wounded Italian soldier to safety, in spite of his own injuries.
World War II
Ernest was awarded the Bronze Star Medal, in June 1947, at the U.S. Embassy in Cuba, for his numerous contributions and courage as a war correspondent, doing whatever he could, in acquiring accurate and timely recordings of conditions and actions by those on the front lines of combat.
The Bronze Star Medal is the 4th highest-ranking U.S. medal, given out to the military, foreign or domestic, for extraordinary acts of heroism, acts of merit, or exemplary service in combat.
Awarded 1954 Nobel Prize for Literature
For his numerous contributions to the Literary world, he was awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize, with ceremony held in Stockholm. Unfortunately, he was unable to attend, due to his recovery from injuries occurring from an air plane crash in Uganda.
- 1910 US census Oak Park, Cook, Illinois
- 1900 US census Cierco, Cook, Illinois
- 1920 US census Oak Park, Cook, Illinois, Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 145
- Grace Hall Hemingway created and annotated six scrapbooks to document her son Ernest’s first eighteen years of life. Scrapbook pdf downloads:
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No known carriers of Ernest's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.
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On 21 Jul 2015 at 18:27 GMT Ken Broughton wrote:
Ernest is 21 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 16 degrees from Stephen Hopkins, 25 degrees from Ben Kingsley, 22 degrees from David Selman and 21 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth Realms on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.