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Eston (Hemmings) Jefferson (1808 - 1856)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Eston Jefferson formerly Hemmings
Born in Tufton, Virginiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Son of [uncertain] and
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Madison, Wisconsin, USAmap
Hemmings-110 created 14 Feb 2014 | Last modified
This page has been accessed 2,482 times.


Eston was born into slavery at Monticello, the youngest son of Sally Hemmings and Thomas Jefferson, as evidenced in a 1998 DNA test that showed a descendant of Eston matched the Jefferson male line.[1]

Jefferson freed Eston and his older brother Madison in his will, as they had not come of age at his death.[2]

Abt 1852 Eston and his wife and 3 children moved to Madison Wisconsin where they changed their surname to Jefferson and entered the white community, their descendants identifying as white.[2]

A 1998 DNA study found that a male descendant of Eston Hemmings Jefferson matched the rare Y-chromosome of the Jefferson male line. Most historians took this result as affirming other historical evidence related to the paternity issue, and have acknowledged that the president and Sally Hemmings had a 38-year relationship in which he fathered her six children of record. While some historians disagree, most Jeffersonian scholarship has changed to incorporate this.


  1. See this well-sourced Wikipedia article for a discussion of the evidence
  2. 2.0 2.1 Monticello. org


Profile created by Leslie Ridley 16 Jan 2014

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No known carriers of Eston's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.


On 19 Apr 2016 at 11:12 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

The memoir of Eston's brother Madison indicated Eston married a black woman. It does not say he lived as white, but Madison's memoir does say that two other siblings lived as white. Do we have other evidence that supports the claim on this profile?

Eston is 15 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 24 degrees from Robynne Lozier, 8 degrees from Pocahontas Rolfe and 15 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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