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Arthur Henderson (1863 - 1935)

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Arthur Henderson
Born in Anderston, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland, United Kingdommap
Son of [father unknown] and
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Wesleyan Methodist Mission Chapel, Elswick Road, Newcastle upon Tyne, Englandmap
Died in London, England, United Kingdommap
Profile last modified | Created 29 Jun 2016
This page has been accessed 316 times.

Categories: Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland | Glasgow, Scotland | English Iron Moulders | British Trade Union Notables | Members of Parliament, Burnley | Members of Parliament, Barnard Castle | Members of Parliament, Widnes | Members of Parliament, Newcastle-upon-Tyne East | Members of Parliament, Clay Cross | Privy Counsellors of the United Kingdom | Nobel Laureates of the 20th Century | British Politicians | Members of Parliament, United Kingdom.

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Labour Party leader 3 times, in 3 different decades.

Labour MP for Barnard Castle 1903-1918 Labour MP for Widnes 1919-1922 Labour MP for Newcastle upon Tyne East 1923 Labour MP for Burnley 1924-1931 Labour MP for Clay Cross 1933-1935

Chris Wrigleys Biography of Arthur Henderson outlines two possible details of Arthur's parentage and birth as the precise details are not known.

First version is that Arthur was born on the 13 Sept 1863 in the New City Road Glasgow. His father was David Henderson, who died when Arthur was young. Arthurs mum remarried a man called Robert Heath and the family moved to Newcastle upon Tyne.

Second version is that Arthur was born on the 20 Sept 1863 Paterson Street, Anderson, Glasgow. His mother was a Agnes Henderson a domestic servant and unmarried. Agnes and her children moved to Newcastle upon Tyne and Agnes married Robert Heath there on the 9 May 1874.

Wrigley points out the disdain for illegitimacy amongst certain quarters & scurrilous use of such information at the time so Arthur Henderson had no reason to make such information available even after his mothers death.


  • Scottish SI Births - 1863 644/8 1503


* Wikipedia: Arthur_Henderson

  • Wrigley, C J. Arthur Henderson. GPC Books, 1990. p1-2

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No known carriers of Arthur's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

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