Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert
|George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert
the Town and County of Carnarvon
Henry George Alfred Marius Victor Francis Herbert
George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert was born on 26 June 1866, at the family's London home, 66 Grosvenor St, London, England. Other sources give his place of birth as their country seat, Highclere Castle, in Hampshire. He was christened at Highclere Castle, Hampshire, on 5 August 1866.
He was the only son of Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon, a distinguished Tory statesman, and Lady Evelyn (Evelyn Georgiana Catherine) Stanhope, daughter of George Stanhope, 6th Earl of Chesterfield . Aubrey Herbert was his half-brother.
Educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge, he inherited the Bretby Hall estate from his maternal grandmother, Anne Elizabeth, Dowager Countess of Chesterfield (1802–1885), and succeeded his father in the earldom in 1890.
George Carnarvon "married Almina Victoria Maria Alexandra Wombwell, illegitimate daughter of millionaire banker Alfred de Rothschild, at St. Margaret's Church, Westminster, on 26 June 1895." They had two children:
Lord Carnarvon was originally known as an owner of racehorses and a driver of early cars. In 1901, he had a serious motoring accident near Bad Schwalbach in Germany. This left him badly disabled. In 1902, he started the Highclere Stud to breed thoroughbred racehorses. The family has maintained a connection with Newbury racecourse since 1905.
|Burial site of Tutankhamun|
After his automobile accident, Lord Carnarvon, spent time in the warmer climate of Egypt, for his health. He began by collecting local artifacts and soon became interested in Egyptology. He hired a team of archaeologists to excavate the area of Sheikh Abd el-Qurna. The expedition ended up in failure, but he realized he needed someone with more expertise. He therefore financed Howard Carter. This collaboration brought great success and world reknown, culminating in their excavation in 1923 of the Egyptian New Kingdom Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb in Ancient Egypt's Valley of the Kings.
On 17 Feb 1923, they opened the tomb of Tutankhamun, an Egyptian king buried some 1300 years before Christ was born. It contained "treasures unsurpassed in the history of archaeology." "The tomb was completely intact, piled to the ceiling with treasures." "Craftsmen in precious metals, fabrics, and pottery have found a treasure trove of design and workmanship in the wealth of art objects ..."
Less than two months after Herbert opened the tomb of Tutunkhamun, on 5 April 1923, at the Continental-Savoy Hotel in Cairo, the 5th Earl of Carnarvon was dead. However, unlike the fictional curse, there is a scientific explanation for his sudden death. He died from blood poisoning (followed by pneumonia) caused by shaving a mosquito bite infected with erysipelas. His illness had been announced on 19 March 1923. His wife arrived on the 26th, and it was believed that, despite the seriousness of the illness, his strength and vitality would carry him through to recovery. He passed peacefully at two in the morning, with his wife, son, and daughter at his bedside.
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