George Herbert

George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert (1866 - 1923)

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George Edward Stanhope Molyneux "5th Earl of Carnarvon" Herbert aka Lord Porchester
Born in 66 Grosvenor St, London, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in St. Margaret's, Westminster, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Continental-Savoy Hotel, Cairo, Egyptmap
Profile last modified | Created 11 Jul 2014
This page has been accessed 3,430 times.

Categories: Collaborative Profile of the Week | Earls of Carnarvon | Highclere, Hampshire.

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Preceded by
4th Earl
Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert
George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert
Earl of
the Town and County of Carnarvon
Jun 28 1890 - Apr 5 1923
Succeeded by
6th Earl
Henry George Alfred Marius Victor Francis Herbert

Contents

Biography

Birth & Early Life

Highclere Castle

George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert was born on 26 June 1866, at the family's London home, 66 Grosvenor St, London, England.[1] Other sources give his place of birth as their country seat, Highclere Castle, in Hampshire. He was christened at Highclere Castle, Hampshire, on 5 August 1866.[2]

He was the only son of Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, 4th Earl of Carnarvon,[2] a distinguished Tory statesman,[3] and Lady Evelyn (Evelyn Georgiana Catherine) Stanhope,[2] daughter of George Stanhope, 6th Earl of Chesterfield . Aubrey Herbert was his half-brother.[3]

Educated at Eton College[4][5] and Trinity College, Cambridge,[5] he inherited the Bretby Hall estate from his maternal grandmother, Anne Elizabeth, Dowager Countess of Chesterfield (1802–1885),[6] and succeeded his father in the earldom in 1890.[5]

Marriage and Children

George Carnarvon "married Almina Victoria Maria Alexandra Wombwell, illegitimate daughter of millionaire banker Alfred de Rothschild, at St. Margaret's Church, Westminster, on 26 June 1895."[3][7][8] They had two children:

  1. "Henry George Herbert, 6th Earl of Carnarvon (1898–1987), who married Anne Catherine Tredick Wendell (d.1977) and had one son, the 7th. Earl and a daughter. They divorced in 1936 and from 1939 to 1947, he was married to actress/dancer Tilly Losch."[3]
  2. "Lady Evelyn Leonora Almina Herbert (15 August 1901 – 1980), who married Sir Brograve Beauchamp, 2nd Baronet "[3]

Highclere Stud

Lord Carnarvon was originally known as an owner of racehorses and a driver of early cars. In 1901, he had a serious motoring accident near Bad Schwalbach in Germany. This left him badly disabled. In 1902, he started the Highclere Stud to breed thoroughbred racehorses. The family has maintained a connection with Newbury racecourse since 1905.[3]

Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings , KV62

Burial site of Tutankhamun

After his automobile accident, Lord Carnarvon, spent time in the warmer climate of Egypt, for his health. He began by collecting local artifacts and soon became interested in Egyptology. He hired a team of archaeologists to excavate the area of Sheikh Abd el-Qurna. The expedition ended up in failure, but he realized he needed someone with more expertise.[9] He therefore financed Howard Carter. This collaboration brought great success and world reknown, culminating in their excavation in 1923 of the Egyptian New Kingdom Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb in Ancient Egypt's Valley of the Kings.[3]

On 17 Feb 1923, they opened the tomb of Tutankhamun, an Egyptian king buried some 1300 years before Christ was born.[3][10] It contained "treasures unsurpassed in the history of archaeology."[3] "The tomb was completely intact, piled to the ceiling with treasures."[9] "Craftsmen in precious metals, fabrics, and pottery have found a treasure trove of design and workmanship in the wealth of art objects ..."[11]

Death: "The Curse of Tutankhamun" or the "Mummy's Curse"

Less than two months after Herbert opened the tomb of Tutunkhamun, on 5 April 1923, at the Continental-Savoy Hotel in Cairo, the 5th Earl of Carnarvon was dead.[12][13] However, unlike the fictional curse, there is a scientific explanation for his sudden death. He died from blood poisoning (followed by pneumonia) caused by shaving a mosquito bite infected with erysipelas. His illness had been announced on 19 March 1923. His wife arrived on the 26th, and it was believed that, despite the seriousness of the illness, his strength and vitality would carry him through to recovery. He passed peacefully at two in the morning, with his wife, son, and daughter at his bedside.[13]


Sources

  1. England & Wales Birth Registrations: Sep 1866, Herbert, George S. H. M. District: St. George Hanover Square Vol 1a Page 259. Accessed at FreeBMD (http://www.freebmd.org.uk/cgi/search.pl)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NTXT-C9M : accessed 17 November 2015), George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert, 05 Aug 1866; citing Highclere, Hampshire, England, reference item 4; FHL microfilm 1,596,166.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, Wikipedia Article
  4. 1881 Census of England & Wales (RG11/1458 f117 p15), Cotton Hall, Eton College, Eton, Buckinghamshire, George Herbert (Lord Portchester), age 14, Boarder. Accessed at Findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Venn, John. Alumni Cantabrigienses: A Biographical List of All Known Students, Graduates and Holders of Office at the University of Cambridge, from the Earliest Times to 1900, Volume 2 p. 337. Cambridge University Press, 2011.
  6. Bretby Hall. Wikipedia Article accessed 11/21/2015.
  7. England & Wales Marriage Registrations: Jun 1895, Herbert, George Edward S. M. District: St. George Hanover Square Vol 1a Page 916. Accessed at FreeBMD (http://www.freebmd.org.uk/cgi/search.pl)
  8. Date given: The San Francisco Call. Thursday 27 June 1895 p. 4.
  9. 9.0 9.1 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon New World Encyclopedia
  10. Tutankamun. Wikipedia Article.
  11. "Opening of Ancient Tomb of Absorbing Interest." The Decatur Herald (Decatur, Illinois) Thursday 22 Feb 1923. p 12.
  12. "Probate Calendars of England & Wales", 1923, Earl of Carnarvon the right honorable George Edward Stanhope Molyneux of Highclere Castle Hampshire and of 1 Seamore place Middlesex died 5 April 1923 at the Continental Hotel Cairo Egypt Probate London 14 May to right honorable Sir John Grenfell Maxwell G.C.B., K.C., M.G. Sir Robert Hutchinson K.C.M.G. Arthue Fitzhardinge Berkeley Portman esquire. Effects £398925 7s 11d. Accessed at Findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com)
  13. 13.0 13.1 Canadian Press. "Earl Carnarvon Dead; 'Curse of Egypt' Cited By Credulous as Cause" The Winnipeg Tribune (Winninpeg, Canada). Thursday, 5 April 1923. p 3 column 1&2.

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Images: 5
George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Fifth Earl of Carnarvon Image 1
George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Fifth Earl of Carnarvon Image 1

Lady and Lord Carnarvon
Lady and Lord Carnarvon

The coat of arms of the Earls of Carnarvon (Herbert family)
The coat of arms of the Earls of Carnarvon (Herbert family)

Arms of the Earl of Carnarvon
Arms of the Earl of Carnarvon

Mask of Tutankhamun's mummy,
Mask of Tutankhamun's mummy,

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On 1 Jul 2017 at 16:05 GMT Stephanie (Gray) Carmon wrote:

Wow, it shows he is my 12th cousin 4x removed on my mother side through the Conley's and 12th cousin 4x removed on my father's side through the Sturgill's. I'm blown away by how many of my English ancestors were on both my father and mothers side of the families.

On 29 Jun 2017 at 18:48 GMT Debbie (Fink) Thomas wrote:

George Herbert is 26 Degrees from Debbie Thomas through my mother's side.

On 28 Jun 2017 at 12:56 GMT Shan (Ward) Dawson wrote:

It shows we are 11th cousins 3xs removed through my McDonald line. Interesting bio too. =)



George is 28 degrees from Rosa Parks, 20 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 9 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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