Johann Gottfried von Herder was a German philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary critic. He is associated with the periods of Enlightenment, Sturm und Drang, and Weimar Classicism.
Johann Herder was born 25 August 1744 and died 18 December 1803. His parents are unknown. He married Maria Karoline Flachsland (1750-1809) 2 May 1773 Darmstadt. They had children:
Gottfried (1774-1806) was born in Bückeburg
August (1776-1838) was born in Bückeburg
Wilhelm Ludwig Ernst was born 1778
Karl Emil Adelbert (1779-1857) born 1779 in Weimar
Luise (1781-1860) was born in Weimar
Emil Ernst Gottfried (1783-1855) was born in Weimar
Rinaldo Gottfried was born 1790 in Weimar
In 1802 Herder was ennobled by the Elector-Prince of Bavaria, which added the prefix "von" to his last name. 
Herder gave Germans new pride in their origins, modifying that dominance of regard allotted to Greek art (Greek revival) extolled among others by Johann Joachim Winckelmann and Gotthold Ephraim Lessing. He remarked that he would have wished to be born in the Middle Ages and mused whether "the times of the Swabian emperors" did not "deserve to be set forth in their true light in accordance with the German mode of thought?". Herder equated the German with the Gothic and favoured Dürer and everything Gothic.
Dissertation by Johannes A. Gaertner (1912-1996)
The Herder Prize, established in 1963 and named for Johann Gottfried von Herder, was a prestigious international prize dedicated to the promotion of scientific, art and literature relations, and presented to scholars and artists from Central and Southeastern Europe whose life and work have improved the cultural understanding of European countries and their peaceful interrelations.
↑ Johann Gottfried Herders Anschauungen über eine christliche Kunst. Ph.D., Heidelberg, 1936, published Berlin, 1938; "Myth and Pattern in the Lives of Artists." Art Journal 30, no. 1 (Autumn, 1970): 27-30; Prisma der Demokratie: Ausdruck und Selbstkritik in der Malerei Amerikas. Berlin: B. Hessling, 1961.0.Metzler.
Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 30 January 2021), memorial page for Johann Gottfried von Herder (25 Aug 1744–18 Dec 1803), Find A Grave: Memorial #1187, citing Herderkirche, Weimar, Stadtkreis Weimar, Thüringen, Germany; Maintained by Find A Grave. (has unsourced profiles for wife and 4 children w/headstone photos)