Joshua Hewes migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640). (See Great Migration Begins, by R. C. Anderson, Vol. 2, p. 921) Join: Puritan Great Migration Project Discuss: pgm
Joshua Hewes was born about 1612 in London, based on Nov 1670 deposition where he claimed to be 59. He was the brother of Elizabeth Hewes who m. Ralph Hemingway/Hemenway, and also brother of --- who married Richard Gorde. Others have Elizabeth's parents as John Hewes and Mary Foote, but this needs confirmation. (Joshua did have many engagements with one Joshua Foote.)
Lieut. Joshua Hewes is beautifully treated in Eben Putname's Lieutenant Joshua Hewes, A New England Pioneer and some of His Descendants, (1919).
He emigrated in 1633 settling initially (as a single man) in Roxbury, Boston 1650, Wickford 1663, Boston 1669. He was a merchant and ironmonger.
He m1 in Roxbury 8 Oct 1634 Mary Goldstone [Roxbury VR MS 128], dau of Henry Goldstone of Watertown. She d. at Boston 23 Aug 1655 [BVR 52].
He m2 in Boston 11 Feb 1656/7 Alice (____) Crabtree, widow of John Crabtree [BVR 58]; d. aft 25 Apr 1676 (when she administered his estate).
He d. in Boston 25 Jan 1675/6, aged 66.
Administration on the estate of Joshua Hewes was granted 25 Apr 1676 to his widow, Alice Hewes [SPR 5:337]. The inventory of the estate of Lt. Joshua Hewes was taken 26 Feb 1675/6...
Children (1st three by first wife):
Joshua, b Roxbury 19 Oct 1639; died of convulsion fits at Roxbury 19 Dec 1639.
Mary, b Roxbury 29 Dec 1641; m by 14 Apr 1680 William Lamb
Joshua, b Roxbury 25 May 1644; m1 by 1667 Hannah Norden; m2 by 1697 Elizabet _____.
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: He was #94 in Eliot's list of Roxbury church members:
"He came into the land a single man: about the 7th month of the year 1633. [blank] & joined to the church about half a year after" [RChR 79].
FREEMAN: 4 March 1633/4 [MBCR 1:368].
EDUCATION: Wrote a fair letter with some unique spelling [WP 6:67].
OFFICES: Deputy to the Massachusetts Bay General Court for Roxbury, 2 June 1641 [MBCR 1:319].
Roxbury delegate to colony committee to oversee salt peter (as "Sergt. Hewes"), 27 September 1642 [MBCR 2:30].
Committee to examine conditions at Shawomet, March 1647/8 [MBCR 2:228].
Roxbury selectman, 1644 [RBOP 3].
Roxbury constable, 1642-44 [RBOP 5].
Feoffee in trust for Roxbury School before 1645 [Hewes Gen 55].
On 10 July 1663 Connecticut court appointed "Lt. Jos: Hews" selectman at "Mr. Smith's trading house [Wickford]" [CCCR 1:407].
Admitted to the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company in 1637 [HAHAC 1:29-30]. Sergeant by 27 September 1642 [MBCR 2:30]. Lieutenant by 7 October 1646 [MBCR 2:163].
ESTATE: On 1 April 1634 "Josuah Hewes" gave 20s. to the building of the seafort [MBCR 1:113].
On 29 August 1640 Joseph Weld exchanged land in Roxbury with Joshua Hewes [RBOP 2-3].
On the list of estates of Roxbury inhabitants, undated but about 1642, Joshua Hewes is ranked the fourth wealthiest man in Roxbury with 288 acres of land [RBOP 5].
Joshua Hewes did not have an entry in the Roxbury land inventory compiled in the early 1650s, but several entries contain references to land formerly held by Hewes [RBOP 13, 15, 18, 18, 21, 22, 35, 38].
On 2 December 1644 Boston selectmen granted liberty "to Jasper Rawlins to make use of a rood of upland for the making of bricks at the eastern end of Sergeant Hues his corn field near Roxsbury gate" [BTR 1:81].
On 7 March 1643/4, "Josua Hewes" was one of seven men established as a free company of adventurers to attempt trade with all, including the Dutch or Swedes [MBCR 2:60].
On 14 May 1645 he was described as one of the "undertakers" of the ironworks [MBCR 2:104].
On 7 October 1646 land that had been formerly granted between Dedham, Watertown, and Sudbury was ordered laid out to "Leift Hewes" and others [MBCR 2:163].
Administration on the estate of Joshua Hewes was granted 25 April 1676 to his widow, Alice Hewes [SPR 5:337].
The inventory of the estate of Lt. Joshua Hewes was taken 26 February 1675[/6] and totalled £49 11s. 7d., with real estate unvalued, but including 150 acres of land at Narroganset and 1000 acres at Quinabauge [SPR 5:336].
BIRTH: About 1612 (deposed in November 1670 aged 59 [Hewes Gen 91, citing SJC #1014]), son of John Hewes of Royston, Hertfordshire [Hewes Gen 9-16]..
DEATH: Boston 25 January 1675/6, aged 66 [Hewes Gen 91, citing "grave stone preserved by Bostonian Society, found in Water Street"].
MARRIAGE: (1) Roxbury 8 October 1634 Mary Goldstone [RVR MS 128], daughter of Henry Goldstone of Watertown ("his wife being the daughter of [blank] Gouldstone came the next summer  & abode at Watertown, where she was adjoined to the church, & in the 8th month 1634 he married her" [RChR 79]) [Bond 105-06, 774-75]. She died at Boston on 23 August 1655 [BVR 52]. (2) Boston 11 February 1656[/7]
Alice (_____) Crabtree, widow of John Crabtree [BVR 58]; died after 25 April 1676 (when she administered on his estate).
CHILDREN With first wife
I JOSHUA, b. Roxbury 19 October 1639 [RChR 79]; "it died of convulsion fits" at Roxbury 19 December 1639 [RChR 79].
MARY, b. Roxbury 29 December 1641; m. by 14 April 1680 William Lamb [SLR 12:70].
JOSHUA, b. Roxbury 25 May 1644; bp. Roxbury 5 June 1644 (as "John") [RChR 115]; m. (1) by 1667 Hannah Norden (in his will of 16 February 1724 Nathaniel Norden of Marblehead bequeathed to "Nathaniel and Joshua Huse sons of Samuel Huse, late of Boston, cooper, deceased, and grandsons of Joshua Huse, formerly of Boston, cordwainer, and Hannah his wife, who was my own sister" [Hewes Gen 94, citing EPR 315:576; NEHGR 49:212]); m. (2) by 1697 Elizabeth _____.
On 30 April 1678 he and Simeon Messenger were charged with being suspiciously in the company of "two women kind a little below the top of the hill behind the house in which Gov. Endicott last dwelt" [SCC 913].)
With second wife : HANNAH, b. Boston 28 October 1657 [BVR 60]; no further record.
ASSOCIATIONS: Joshua Hewes was the brother of Elizabeth Hewes, wife of RALPH HEMINGWAY, and of Phebe Hewes, wife of Richard Gorde [TAG 53:206]. It has been suggested that Anne, the wife of Lewis Jones, was also a sister [Hewes Gen 25]. Joshua Foote, who died in Providence in 1655, was maternal uncle of Joshua Hewes [TAG 53:206].
COMMENTS: On 22 September 1649 Michael Charleton of London made "Joshua Hues & Caleb Foote both of Roxbury in New England, merchants," his attorneys [Aspinwall 236].
On 15 October 1650, Paul "Allistree" sent six thousand seven hundred and thirty-seven pounds of sugar from Barbados to "Mr. Joshua Hues and Mr. Caleb Foote of Boston and Roxbury, merchants" [Aspinwall 339]. These two instruments place the date of Joshua Hewes's move from Roxbury to Boston in late 1649 or early 1650.
In the confusion attendant upon the activities of the Royal Commissioners in the mid-1660s, Joshua Hewes was one of a number of Wickford inhabitants who petitioned first Rhode Island (4 May 1668) and then Connecticut (October 1668) to be taken under the protection of that government [RICR 2:227, 231].
Hewes disappears from Wickford records after 1668, and this presumably marks his return to Boston. Putnam calls Joshua Hewes's administration of his uncle Joshua Foote's estate "a thankless task, and also an onerous one" [Hewes Gen 73]. So it proved to be. He was many times in court as Mr. Foote's agent and after Foote's death, his duties became even more pressing [MBCR 3:9, 405, 4:1:263, 311].
On 11 October 1665, as administrator of the estate of his uncle, Hewes asked the General Court for a hearing regarding a mortgage of Foote's given to Mr. Robert Crane of Coggeshall, Essex, England. Hewes and the sons of the late Mr. Nathaniel Rogers, grandchildren of Crane's, received the judgment of the court that Hewes could redeem the mortgage [MBCR 4:2:292].
In answer to many violent occurrences against Indians in the Massachusetts Bay, John Johnson, Surveyor General, "Leift Josua Hewes" and Sgt. James Oliver in March 1647/8 made a three-point order for those who were to maintain the peace [MBCR 2:228].
The notary William Aspinwall did considerable business with Joshua Hewes and Joshua Foote. On 16 June 1648, they had Aspinwall go down to the docks and demand two hundred thousand of treenails from Mr. Emmanuel Downing and Benjamin Gillom [Aspinwall 143]. Aspinwall also cataloged the cargo of a number of richly laden ships for Hewes in 1648 [Aspinwall 406-7].
He made out several powers of attorney for Joshua "Hues" from Thomas Bell of Roxbury, 20 August 1647; from Michael Charlton of London, grocer, 27 November 1648; and from James Oliver, to receive six thousand, five hundred fifty-five pounds of tobacco, 27 July 1649 [Aspinwall 81, 173, 236, 227].
On 6 October 1649 "Joshua Hues" gave a letter of attorney to David Selleck for "all debts from all persons in Virginia" [Aspinwall 245]. Thomas Lechford also did a good bit of business with Joshua Hewes, of a similar nature [Lechford 133, 150, 187, 194, 224, 238].
"Joshua Hews Sr." was a surety for his niece Ruth Hemingway in her fornication case against Edward Peggy, 27 October 1674 [SCC 1:517].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Lieutenant Joshua Hewes is beautifully treated in Eben Putnam's Lieutenant Joshua Hewes, A New England Pioneer and some of His Descendants
↑ Robert C. Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: "Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633" Boston, MA: NEHGS, c1995.
"A History of the Foote Families of America", Foote Family Association of America
www.footefamily.org/nathno 1 a.htm
"Massachusetts Births and Christenings, 1639-1915," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VQ62-JB4 : 4 December 2014), Josuah Hewes in entry for Mary Hewes, 29 Dec 1641; citing ROXBURY,SUFFOLK,MASSACHUSETTS, ; FHL microfilm 0928294 IT 3.
"Massachusetts Births and Christenings, 1639-1915," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VQ6L-8YY : 4 December 2014), Josuah Hewes in entry for Josuah Hewes, 19 Oct 1639; citing ROXBURY,SUFFOLK,MASSACHUSETTS, ; FHL microfilm 0928294 IT 3.
"Massachusetts Births and Christenings, 1639-1915," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FCW2-GGQ : 4 December 2014), Leift Joshua Hewes in entry for Hannah Hewes, 28 Oct 1657; citing BOSTON,SUFFOLK,MASSACHUSETTS, ; FHL microfilm 397,042.