Categories: United States Military Academy | United States Army, Mexican-American War | Seminole Wars | Confederate States Army Generals, United States Civil War | Second Battle of Bull Run | Battle of Chancellorsville | Battle of Cedar Mountain | Battle of Gettysburg | Battle of Antietam | Battle of Fredericksburg | Third Battle of Petersburg | 13th Regiment, Virginia Infantry, United States Civil War | Killed in Action, Confederate States of America, United States Civil War | Wounded in Action, Confederate States of America, United States Civil War.
Ambrose Powell Hill Jr. was a career U.S. Army officer in the Mexican–American War and Seminole Wars and a Confederate general in the American Civil War. He gained early fame as the commander of the "Light Division" in the Seven Days Battles and became one of Stonewall Jackson's ablest subordinates, distinguishing himself in the 1862 battles of Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg.
RESIDENCE: Culpeper Co. VA and Fayette Co. KY.
OCCUPATION: CSA Commander; previous USA superintendent of the coast survey; West Point, Class of 1847.
BIRTH: 9 Nov 1825, Culpeper Co. Virginia.
DEATH: 2 Apr 1865, KIA by Lincoln's Army at Battle of Petersburg, Virginia.
BURIAL: Winston family cemetery, Chesterfield, Chesterfield, Virginia.
Father: Thomas HILL .
Mother: Frances (Fannie) Russell BAPTIST .
Spouse: Catherine Gorsh "Kitty" MORGAN.
MARRIAGE: 18 Jul 1859, Fayette Co. Kentucky.
:Daughter: Lucy Lee HILL C.S.A..
Ambrose Powell Hill, Jr. was born at eight in the morning on November 9, 1825 ten miles west of Culpeper at the family estate, Greenland. His parents were Thomas and Frances Hill. He was the last of four sons; his birth was followed eventually by that of three sisters. Thomas and Frances chose to name their new son after an uncle, Ambrose Powell Hill (1785-1858) who had served as a justice of the peace, sheriff and legislator for Culpeper County and Capt. Ambrose Powell, an Indian fighter, explorer, sheriff, legislator, and close friend of President James Madison.
Although when the youngster reached adulthood was forever known by his initials in the history of the Army of Northern Virginia, his mother took to calling him Powell and that was the name that he was called by his friends and other family.
From his early youth, Hill had been enthralled with the exploits of military leaders. His father pushed his youngest son towards the field of arms. And when Hill made the decision that he would be a soldier, the family put its efforts into securing him a place at West Point. Located on the Hudson River in West Point, New York, the United States Military Academy was the nation's preeminent military school. To enter West Point, a prospective cadet needed to obtain an appointment from a Congressman. Family members and friends wrote to their congressmen and the Secretary of War, John Spencer, on Hill's behalf. On April 26, 1842, sixteen year old Powell accepted his conditional appointment to West Point as a member of the Class of 1846.
He married Kitty ("Dolly") Morgan McClung, a young widow, thus becoming the brother-in-law of future Confederate cavalry generals John Hunt Morgan (Hill's best man at the wedding) and Basil W. Duke.
On July 18, 1859, at Dolly's Lexington Kentucky home, the Kitty Morgan and Ambrose Powell Hill married. Dolly was resplendent in a silk wedding dress she would later use to create "a beautiful silk banner, the handiwork of the accomplished lady of our Colonel, and will be prized and defended as the gift of a fair daughter of Kentucky, bidding us God Speed in fighting the battles of the South" for Hill's first Confederate regiment, the 13th Virginia. Hill was handsome in his blue army captain's uniform and sported a handsome red mustache.
Served in the Army of Northern Virginia and later was general Provost-Marshal of the Army of the Tennesse.
May 24, 1863, to lieutenant general (becoming the Army of Northern Virginia's fourth highest-ranking general)
Ambrose Powell Hill was a professional soldier, an artilleryman from West Point (1847) who served the Confederacy in the infantry. After joining the army he jumped quickly from lieutenant to colonel of the 13th Virginia.
On May 24, 1863 he was promoted to lieutenant general (becoming the Army of Northern Virginia's fourth highest-ranking general)
he was killed during the Union Army offensive at the Third Battle of Petersburg.
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