Joseph Hinkle

Joseph Hinkle (bef. 1761 - 1791)

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Joseph Hinkle
Born before in Earl Township, Lancaster, Pennsylvaniamap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married 1779 (to 7 Mar 1791) in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, United Statesmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Covalt Station, Hamilton, Ohiomap
Profile last modified 6 Aug 2019 | Created 3 Nov 2014
This page has been accessed 606 times.


Research Notes

The Y-DNA test results from my cousin, Albert Hinkle-1107, show that our 3rd great-grandfather, Christopher Hinkle-1032 is NOT a descendant of the Rev. Anthony Jacob Henckel, 1668-1728.

They did, however, show a genetic connection to three other colonial era Hinkle families. The FTDNA Y-DNA tests connect Christopher Hinkle with two people whose line goes back to Philip Hinckel born 1724 Germany, immigrated in 1749 and died in 1793 in PA.

They also connect us to two "cousins" who have traced their line back to Henry Hinkle-228 who died in Union Co, IL. These are all haplogroup R-M269 and a genetic distance of 0.

A third match shows our Christopher is closely related to Joseph Hinkle-409, (this profile) born 1761 in New Jersey and killed by Indians in 1793 at Covalt Station near present day Cincinnati, Ohio.

Disputed Parents

DNA evidence provided by descendants does not match the Joseph Hinkle of this profile to purported parents Anthony Jacob Hinkle and Maria Magdalena Zwecker.


Joseph Hinkle and Lydia Cook were married in either Lancaster County, Pennsylvania or in Morris County, New Jersey. They moved to Washington County, Pennsylvania before 1785 and in 1789 settled in southwest Ohio, near Cincinnati with their children. There is a Joseph Hinkle on the 1790 Federal Census for Manor Township, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, with one male over 16 years old, three males 0-16, and two females.[1] However, Joseph Hinkle of this profile had six sons, no daughters, and had moved to Ohio 1 Jan 1790.

On 28 Nov 1789 the Goshen Baptist Church of Greene County, Pennsylvania gave letters of dismission to Abraham Covalt, his wife Lois, and Lydia Hinkle.[2] Joseph Hinkle was also dismissed by the Goshen Baptist Church.[3]

Lydia and Joseph Hinkel and their children moved to Ohio with Abraham Covalt on 1 Jan 1790. In March, 1791 Joseph, along with Capt. Covalt, were killed by Indians at the Colvalt Settlement where Terrace Park, Ohio now sits.

Young Joseph Hinkle was only 11 when Indians killed his father. His widowed mother--"In order to survive," says a Hinkle family history--married a soldier from Fort Washington in 1793 [Gabriel Hutchings] and moved away, after distributing her six children among relatives and sympathetic Covalt Station neighbors.

Joseph Hinkle[4][5][6]

Covalt Station

Captain Abraham Covalt was born at Egg Harbor, New Jersey in 1743. After Covalt's marriage, he moved to Bedford County where he served a good portion of the Revolutionary War as a Captain in the local militia. During the latter part of the war the family moved to the Tenmile area in western Pennsylvania where it is likely he stayed until the end of 1789. About this time he bought land in Ohio where he was to build his Station/Stockade. On the first day of the new year, his family (including 7 sons and 3 daughters) plus 7 other families (45 total) left on two flatboats for the journey to their new home. They landed at the mouth of the Little Miami about the 16th of January, near Columbia (close to Lunken Airport), the first settlement (November, 1788) and built temporary shelter while construction went on at the Station. Seventeen dwellings were built as well as four blockhouses which were all surrounded by a protective palisade. From Richard Scamyhorn's "Stockades in the Wilderness" (p. 53), he states that "It was not only one of the largest Hamilton County but possibly the first one in the interior of the Miami Purchase."[7]

Abraham Covalt Jr. was killed by Indians in January, 1791. Abel Cooke died at the hand of Indians 27 Feb 1791. Captain Abraham Covalt Sr. and Joseph Hinkle were killed by Indians in March, 1791. All are buried at Covalt Cemetery, Terrace Park, Hamilton County, Ohio. Mrs. Covalt, (Lois Pendleton), who died 13 Oct 1843, is thought to be buried next to her husband. No visible remains of the cemetery survive. A church sits on the site of the old Fort.[8]

Base settlements, like Columbia, had outlying fortified stations 10 miles or so away. Abel Cooke was friends with one of the sons of Abraham Covalt and so joined up with them to build and maintain a fort upstream on the Little Miami, at Round Bottom, just across from today's town of Milford. Covalt's Station was finished before the spring of 1790, and it was large, with four corner blockhouses, about 15 dwellings inside, and strong gates. The settlers ventured outside to perform necessary tasks—hunting game, chopping firewood and shaping shingles, being a courier betwen the Station and home base of Columbia, etc. On 27 Feb 1791, Abel Cook was returning from Columbia when he was ambushed and massacred by Indians. Others living at the Station found his body and carried it back to Covalt's Station. Abel was buried alongside his friend Abraham Covalt, Jr., who had been massacred the month before. Later the Founder, Abraham Covalt, Sr., and another man (Joseph Hinkle) were also killed by Indians. The Station was abandoned and fell into ruins. (See Find A Grave for Abraham Covalt Jr.)


  1. 1790 Federal Census for Manor Township, Lancaster, Pennsylvania Joseph Hinkle
  2. Selected Goshen Baptist Church Minutes, 1773-1857 Covalt, Hinkle
  3. Goshen Baptist Church Records Joseph Hinckle
  4. Abstract of Graves of Revolutionary Patriots; Volume: 2; Ser. 11912; Vol. 4, APID: 1,4110::25542
  5. American Genealogical-Biographical Index (AGBI), Godfrey Memorial Library ( APID: 1,3599::0
  6. 1790 USA Federal Census (, APID: 1,5058::0 Manor Township, Lancaster, PA, USA; Series M637, Roll 8, Page 32, Image 721; APID: 1,5058::320513 and APID: 1,5769::2155433
  7. The Historical Marker Database Covalt Station
  8. Hamilton County Ohio Covalt Cemetery Transcription

See also:

  • Suzan blogspot Hinkel : for disputed father


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Joseph by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Joseph:

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Images: 1
Joseph Hinkle
Joseph Hinkle


On 26 Aug 2018 at 15:12 GMT Skip Magyar wrote:

Are there any direct male lineal descendants of Joseph Hinkle here that have taken a Y-DNA test?

On 10 Jul 2018 at 05:30 GMT Skip Magyar wrote:

Joseph Hinkle, 1761-1793, descendant DNA does not match with the Rev. Anthony Jacob Henckel line.

Anyone here have a proven tree back to Joseph?

Joseph is 23 degrees from Michael Cayley, 25 degrees from Rick Rescorla and 14 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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