Born 13 August 1899, Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, KBE, was an English film director and producer who paved the way, pioneering several techniques in the suspense and psychological thriller genres. After great success in both silent films and early talkies and being renowned as England's best director, Sir Alfred moved to Hollywood in 1939, and in 1955 became a U.S. Citizen.
In a career spanning nearly six decades, Hitchcock directed over 50 films, establishing for himself a unique and distinctive style. He led the way in using the camera to move in a way that mimic's a person's gaze and framed shots to maximize anxiety and fear. A 2007 article from Britain's Daily Telegraph said this about Sir Alfred: "Unquestionably the greatest filmmaker to emerge from these islands, Hitchcock did more than any director to shape modern cinema, which would be utterly different without him. His flair was for narrative, cruelly withholding crucial information (from his characters and from us) and engaging the emotions of the audience like no one else."
Hitchcock received two Golden Globes, eight Laurel Awards, five lifetime achievement awards and in 1980 received knighthood when he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (KBE), by Queen Elizabeth II. Sir Alfred died later that same year on 29 April.
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