Pani is a loan word from Algonquian languages that means "slave." It is also the term for a Pawnee. This individual, however, was a person of note, the son of White Crow, whose name is variously rendered as Pania Blanc, "Pawnee," Paneewasaka, "Pony Blaw," Vane Blanc, and "White Pawnee." As to the name Paniwasąga, it is unclear how it is to be analyzed. Pani, as noted, means Pawnee, the name of an Indian tribe to the west. The syllable są means, "pale, white." However, wasą means, "to be jealous of"; yet the translation of this name in both French and English is not "Jealous of the Pawnees," but "White Pawnee." So the element -wa- is of obscure meaning.
"This devotion to dress and appearance seemed not altogether out of place in a youthful dandy; but we had likewise an old one of the same stamp. Pawnee Blanc, or the White Pawnee, surpassed his younger competitor [the nephew of Four Legs], if possible, in attention to his personal attractions. Upon the present occasion he appeared in all his finery, and went through the customary salutations with an air of solemn dignity, then walked, as did the others, into the parlor (for I had received them in the hall), where they all seated themselves upon the floor. ... Pawnee was among the happy number remembered in the distribution; so, donning at once his new costume, and tying a few additional bunches of gay-colored ribbons to a long spear, that was always his baton of ceremony, he came at once, followed by an admiring train, chiefly of women, to pay me a visit of state. The solemn gravity of his countenance, as he motioned away those who would approach too near and finger his newly-received finery — the dignity with which he strutted along, edging this way and that to avoid any possible contact from homely, every-day wardrobes — augured well for a continuance of propriety and self-respect, and a due consideration of the good opinion of all around." (Kinzie, 82-83)
Paniwasąga, the son of White Crow, was also known as "Vane Blanc." It was said that he had "fought bravely and openly beside Pierre Poquette at the battle of Wisconsin Heights." Pawnee Blanc, "a notable chief," was murdered by an early settler of the Baraboo region named "Abraham Wood," probably in the spring of 1839. Wood ran a "grog shop," and Pawnee Blanc, unable to purchase any liquor, attempted to gain some at knife point, whereupon Wood struck him in the head with a stick, killing him. He narrowly escaped lynching by the Indians gathered outside. In Green Bay, however, no indictment was returned against him.
"The Pawnee was buried in a large conical mound some five or six feet high, at what is now the city end of the Wisconsin-river bridge — just across the river from where our house was afterwards located (near 43.537573, -89.474118). These ancient earthworks were frequently selected as burial places by the Indians, because of their prominence in the landscape. I never heard the Winnebagoes talk about the origin of these mounds. I presume that they have always taken them to be of natural formation. Their name for them is "hchi-a-shoke" [xeoš’ók], which simply means, "a small rising of ground." This particular mound has lately been graded down, in street improvements, but whether the Pawnee's bones were found in it or not I do not know." (Paquette, 431-432)
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Paniwasąga is 35 degrees from Charlotte Brontë, 24 degrees from Louisa Alcott, 45 degrees from Victoria Benedictsson, 32 degrees from Rosalind Nield, 32 degrees from Elizabeth Gaskell, 40 degrees from Amy de Leeuw, 28 degrees from Harriet Arbuthnot, 32 degrees from Aurore Dupin de Francueil, 37 degrees from Isabella Crawford and 29 degrees from Barry Smith on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.