||Mąkskaga (Ho-Chunk) White Breast is a part of Wisconsin history.|
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His name was Mą́kskaga, "White Breasts," from mą́k, "chest, breast"; ska, "white"; and -ga, a definite article suffix used in personal names. He was also known as "Stone Man," which is Įnįwąkšika in HoChunk. (Lurie, 69, #99) Įnįwąkšika is from įnį, "stone, rock"; wąkšik, "human, man, Indian"; and -ka, a definite article suffix used in personal names. Both of these names are from the Bear Clan.
Chief White Breast = Mą́kskaga — a War Chief and member of the Bear Clan. His father was named Kee-zuntsh-ga [Kizų́čka], "Soft-Shelled Turtle," and had a village at Lake Koshkonong. Kizų́čka's father was Ma-sho-pa-ka [Mąčopaga], meaning "Grizzly Bear Head." White Breast had a brother called Na-xee-zheb-ga [perhaps, Naxi, "Fourth Born," and Sepka, "Black"]. White Breast's wife was named Hopink-ah [Hopįga, "Good Voice"], and at least two daughters, Onck-say-onc-ah [probably for Haksagā, "Third Born Female"], and No-waw-chock-wink-ah [Nąwáčakwįka, "Fortress Woman"]. His first son was named, Mau-na-suntsh-ga [Mąnąksųčka], "Shakes the Earth by the Force of His Step"; his second son bore the name, Shounk-mau-no-nee-ga [Šųgᵋmąnųnįga], "Lost Dog" (probably a nickname); his third son was called, Mau-chgoo-[w]a-shiste-ga [Mąčguwąšiška], "Breaks the Band [Bow] with the Force of His Feet." The male names seem to be those found in the Bear Clan, which does not supply village chiefs, but in this case we may conclude that he was the War Chief of the villages named. (quoted from Dieterle, citing Waggoner, 22b; Jipson, Story, 234-235; Jipson, Villages, 127)
His grandson, Ely Rasdall, told Jipson (Story, 235) that “White Breast was a member of the bear clan, and that he was considered a great warrior, and at various times prior to the Black Hawk War, he led four war parties and never lost a man; that he was one of the leading scouts during the Black Hawk War."
In 1829, he had two villages, one as shown above on Sugar Creek where the town of Brodhead is now located (42.618540, -89.376291), and a second at the mouth of the Sugar River. The former village was called, Na-hoo-rah-roo-hah-rah [Nąhų́ra Ruhara], "Sturgeon Spawn."
Later, in 1835, with Little Priest, he had a village on the Wisconsin River. Both of his daughters married Abel Rasdall. The photograph of White Breast was made by R. A. Lewis in 1865, when a number of Hočąk chiefs had traveled east for treaty negotiations. (quoted from Dieterle, citing Waggoner, 22b; Jipson, Story, 234-235; Jipson, Villages, 127)
Ely Rasdell told Jipson (Story, 235), "He died in Minnesota just as the Winnebagoes were being removed from that state.” This is not quite right, since the Winnebago were removed in 1863, and we have Lewis' photo of him from 1865. This probably means that he died around 1866.
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Mąkskaga is 25 degrees from Charlotte Brontë, 14 degrees from Louisa Alcott, 35 degrees from Victoria Benedictsson, 22 degrees from Rosalind Nield, 22 degrees from Elizabeth Gaskell, 30 degrees from Amy de Leeuw, 18 degrees from Harriet Arbuthnot, 22 degrees from Aurore Dupin de Francueil, 27 degrees from Isabella Crawford and 19 degrees from Barry Smith on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.