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Jennie Mąkuhąwįga (Ho-Chunk) Whitewater (1844)

Jennie Mąkuhąwįga "Under the Earth" Whitewater formerly Ho-Chunk
Born [location unknown]
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
[children unknown]
Died [date unknown] [location unknown]
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Profile last modified | Created 30 Oct 2019
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Jennie was Ho-Chunk.



Jennie was born in 1844. (1905 census)


The name given in the 1905 census is Mah-Coo-Hun-Win-Kah, which is for Mąkuhąwįga, from , "earth, ground, soil"; kuhą, "under, beneath, below"; -wį-, A feminine gender infix; and -ga, a definite article suffix used in personal names. So Mą-kuhą-wį-ga, means, "Under the Earth," which could be a Waterspirit Clan name, since the mythical Waterspirits inhabit caverns under the earth. It could also be a Thunderbird Clan name, since rumbling thunder was said to be the Thunderbirds firing their lightning weapon under the earth at their enemies, the Waterspirits.


  • Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C. 1905; Roll: M595_671; Line: 5.


Thank you Richard Dieterle for the research into and creation of this profile. See his contributions to this profile.

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Categories: Ho-Chunk