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Unknown Hochunk

Unknown Hochunk
Born [date unknown] [location unknown]
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died [date unknown] [location unknown]
Profile last modified | Created 24 Nov 2019
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The man whose name we do not know fathered at least three sons and one daughter. The three brothers were Kųnųsepka, "Dark First Son," Hišjahįšišika, “Bad Eyelashes”; and Xorahųka, “Bald Eagle Chief.” Since the Kųnų in Kųnųsepka means "First Born Son," it follows that the other two are his younger brothers, whom he nevertheless outlived. Hocąk culture has the avunculate in which nieces and nephews have their strongest bond with their maternal uncles. Brothers also guard the welfare of their sisters. It is with them that their nieces would live should their parents die. Xųnųnįka's mother, Hīnū́gā, was the first born daughter and may have been older than any of her brothers, and therefore she may have been the first among her siblings to have died. (Waggoner, 25a, 28a, 29a, 30a)


Inasmuch as one of his sons had the name Xorahųka, an attested Eagle Clan name, and since clan membership is patrilineal, his father would also have been a member of this clan. Even though we do not know his name, we do know to what clan he belonged. (Dorsey)


  • Linda M. Waggoner (ed.), “Neither White Men Nor Indians: Affidavits from the Winnebago Mixed-blood Claim Commissions, Prairie Du Chien, Wisconsin, 1838-1839” (Roseville, Minnesota: Park Genealogical Books, 2002). Extracted from Territorial Papers of the United States, Wisconsin, 1836-1848. M236. “Special Files of the Office of Indian Affairs,” 1836-46. “Special File 161” (Roll 41). “Special File 190” (Roll 42). National Archives, Washington D.C., Documents on Microfilm, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Record Group 75).
  • Rev. James Owen Dorsey, "Winnebago Gentes, including Personal Names Belonging to each Gens" (National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution: T.D., 1878-79?), cat. #4800 Dorsey Papers, Winnebago (319).

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