Frederick Hohenstaufen (26 Dec 1194 - 13 Dec 1250)
||Frederick II Hohenstaufen was a member of aristocracy in Europe.|
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At age of three crowned King of Sicily, his right:
Bianca Lancia (b. abt 1200/10, d. abt 1230/46), possibly starting around 1225. One source states it lasted 20 years. She bore him 3 children that were legittimised: Costanza (*1230- +1307), Manfredi (*1232-+1266), Violante (*1233- +1264). It is probable that she was married just before Death in 1246.
Adelaide Urslingen, children: Ezio (Heinz king of Italy)(*1220-+1272), Caterina (? ?) Maria di Antiochia, child: Federico (Fredrich ) (*about 1224 +1256) (was he called di Pettorano, and fled to Spain with wife and children?) Unknown, child: Biancofiore ( *1226 +1279 Montargis, France) Richina von Wolfsoden, child: Margherita (*1227+1298, married to Tommaso II d'Aquino, count of Acerra) Unknown, child: Selvaggia (+1244 Verona, Italy; married to Ezzelino da Romano) Manna di Castanea, child Riccardo (*1224/5 +1249) Unknown, child: Gherardo ( count of Chieti) (+ by 1255) +byMaria (or Mathilda) d Antiochia, child: Federico d'Antiochia (*1213 + after 1240) Unknown, child: Artensio (*1240 +1243)
NOTE: the numerals following the first name are relative (and possibly different) to each title and generally referred to the most important title belonging to the person. For instance Federich II Holy Roman Emperor was at the same time Ist king of Sicily and VII king of Germany. He was nephew of Frederich I Barbarossa Holy Roman Emperor, etc. and both are different persons from Frederich II duke of Schwabia, but all of them belong to Hohenstaufen family of the dukes of Schwabia.
Frederch II was the most astonishing Personage of his time at the end of Middle age and surprising modern. He spoke fuently 6 languages: latin, sicilian (proto-italian) french, german, greek and arabic and was an avid patron of science and arts. A man of extraordinary energy,culture and abiity, was called by contemporary chroniclers "Stupor mundi" (The wonder of the world) and is considered the first modern ruler as he succeeded to make his Southern Italy Kingdom a centraly administered state with an efficient bureacracy. This did not happen for northern Italy, where he had to fight, like his grandfather Barbarossa the prevailing indipendent municipalities hostile to the Empire and in Germany were the Princes and Dukes wanted to remain indipendent. But the main ennemy was the Pope that was afraid of remaining between hammer and anvil if Germany and northern Italy on one side and Sicily and Southern Italy on the other side of the Church state were run by the same ruler. When his mother Costanza died few years after his Birth left him under the care of the Pope that sent to Palermo suitable protectors that in general succeeded to keep away tutorship from Germany. When he had grown up and taken power was often at war with the Pope and was excommunicated four times
2019 Spring C-a-T
Error 723 (prefix in 1st name) corrected, according to guidance @ https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Help:Name_Fields_for_European_Aristocrats
|Proper FN||Frederick II||Frederick|
|Preferred FN||Frederick II||ok|
|O. Nicknames||Holy Roman Emperor, King of Germany, Sicily and Jerusalem||ok|
Other Comments to the Profile Mgr
N O N E
Saunders-3874 07:13, 28 April 2019 (UTC)
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