Frederick II Hohenstaufen

Frederick II Hohenstaufen (1194 - 1250)

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Frederick II "Holy Roman Emperor, King of Germany, Sicily and Jerusalem" Hohenstaufen
Born in Jesi, Ancona, Marche, Italiamap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married (to ) in Messina, Sicilymap
Husband of — married (to ) in Brindisi, Apuliamap
Husband of — married (to ) in Worms, Deutschlandmap
Husband of — married about [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Castelfiorentino, Apulia, Italiamap
Profile last modified | Created 24 Apr 2011
This page has been accessed 3,074 times.

Categories: House of Hohenstaufen | Sixth Crusade | Nobility of the Crusader States | EuroAristo - Profiles that need work.


Frederick Hohenstaufen (26 Dec 1194 - 13 Dec 1250)

Contents

Titles

  • 1220: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
  • King of Sicily
  • King of Jerusalem
European Aristocracy
Frederick II Hohenstaufen was a member of aristocracy in Europe.
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pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215.
King of Germany, Italy, and Burgundy.
King of Jerusalem by marriage and Sixth Crusade.

At age of three crowned King of Sicily, his right:

son of the emperor Henry VI
mother Constance, dau Roger II of Sicily.
Born in Jesi, near Ancona
baptized in Assisi.
Constance d'Hauteville (or d'Altavilla) in her own right queen of Sicily; she had Frederick made King of Sicily and established herself as regent. In Frederick's name she dissolved Sicily's ties to Germany and the Empire that had been created by her marriage, sending home his German counsellors (notably Markward von Annweiler and Gualtiero da Pagliara) and renouncing his claims to the German throne and empire. Frederick was crowned King of Sicily on 17 May 1198.
Birth: 26 DEC 1194 Jesi near Ancona, Italy
Death: 13 DEC 1250 Monreale, Palermo, Sicily

.

Burial: Monreale, Palermo, Sicily

Marriage

First wife: Constance of Aragon (b. 1179 - d. 23 June 1222). Marriage, 15 August 1209, Messina, Sicily. One child: Enrico (1211-1242.
Second wife: Yolande of Brienne/Isabella II, Queen of Jerusalem (b. 1212 - d. 25 Apr 1228). Marriage, 9 November 1225, Brindisi, Apulia. Two children: Margherita (dead at Birth 1227),Corrado (Konrad IV of Schwabien)(*1228- +1254)
Third wife: Isabella of England (b. 1214 - d. 1 December 1241). Marriage, 15 Jul 1235, Worms, Germany.
Three children: Margarethe (*1237-+ 1270 Frankfurt) Enrico Carlo Otto (*1238 +1253), unknown daughter (*1241 +1241)

Mistress

Bianca Lancia (b. abt 1200/10, d. abt 1230/46), possibly starting around 1225. One source states it lasted 20 years. She bore him 3 children that were legittimised: Costanza (*1230- +1307), Manfredi (*1232-+1266), Violante (*1233- +1264). It is probable that she was married just before Death in 1246.

Mistresses and illegitimate issue:

Adelaide Urslingen, children: Ezio (Heinz king of Italy)(*1220-+1272), Caterina (? ?) Maria di Antiochia, child: Federico (Fredrich ) (*about 1224 +1256) (was he called di Pettorano, and fled to Spain with wife and children?) Unknown, child: Biancofiore ( *1226 +1279 Montargis, France) Richina von Wolfsoden, child: Margherita (*1227+1298, married to Tommaso II d'Aquino, count of Acerra) Unknown, child: Selvaggia (+1244 Verona, Italy; married to Ezzelino da Romano) Manna di Castanea, child Riccardo (*1224/5 +1249) Unknown, child: Gherardo ( count of Chieti) (+ by 1255) +byMaria (or Mathilda) d Antiochia, child: Federico d'Antiochia (*1213 + after 1240) Unknown, child: Artensio (*1240 +1243)


NOTE: the numerals following the first name are relative (and possibly different) to each title and generally referred to the most important title belonging to the person. For instance Federich II Holy Roman Emperor was at the same time Ist king of Sicily and VII king of Germany. He was nephew of Frederich I Barbarossa Holy Roman Emperor, etc. and both are different persons from Frederich II duke of Schwabia, but all of them belong to Hohenstaufen family of the dukes of Schwabia.

Frederch II was the most astonishing Personage of his time at the end of Middle age and surprising modern. He spoke fuently 6 languages: latin, sicilian (proto-italian) french, german, greek and arabic and was an avid patron of science and arts. A man of extraordinary energy,culture and abiity, was called by contemporary chroniclers "Stupor mundi" (The wonder of the world) and is considered the first modern ruler as he succeeded to make his Southern Italy Kingdom a centraly administered state with an efficient bureacracy. This did not happen for northern Italy, where he had to fight, like his grandfather Barbarossa the prevailing indipendent municipalities hostile to the Empire and in Germany were the Princes and Dukes wanted to remain indipendent. But the main ennemy was the Pope that was afraid of remaining between hammer and anvil if Germany and northern Italy on one side and Sicily and Southern Italy on the other side of the Church state were run by the same ruler. When his mother Costanza died few years after his Birth left him under the care of the Pope that sent to Palermo suitable protectors that in general succeeded to keep away tutorship from Germany. When he had grown up and taken power was often at war with the Pope and was excommunicated four times

Sources

  • Royal Ancestry by Douglas Richardson Vol. IV. p. 553


http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SICILY.htm#_ftnref676



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DNA
No known carriers of Frederick II's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 2
Emperor Frederick II
Emperor Frederick  II

Coat of Arms of Frederick II
Coat of Arms of Frederick II

Collaboration

On 13 Feb 2018 at 18:44 GMT Anonymous (Holland) Carroll wrote:

Source: Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, in 5 vols. (Salt Lake City, Utah, 2013), Vol. I. page 536.

Thank you!

On 28 Feb 2015 at 06:25 GMT Michele (Britton) Camera wrote:

What is the name of the project and what do we add to our followed tags in the G2G feed?



Frederick II is 29 degrees from Rosa Parks, 27 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 16 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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