William W. Hood was born in North Carolina and the approximate date of his birth has been determined to be late 1773 or 1774 by the use of tax records. Most researchers use the birth year 1772 which is the incorrect year given in the 1850 US Census. Through genealogical DNA testing, it has been established that William W. Hood was of the John and Richard Hood clan who lived in Halifax Co., VA as early as 1762 and were still residents there as late as October 1773 when John Hood sold his last tract of land in Halifax County. From there they moved to Burke Co., N.C. and then to Pendleton District, S.C. If William W. Hood had been born in 1772, he would have been born in Virginia.
Most genealogy literature involving William W. Hood has mistakenly given his middle name as "Henry". Recent published research by Clyde B. Hood III in his landmark privately published genealogy book, "The John and Richard Hood Clan of Halifax County, Virginia; Burke County, North Carolina; and Pendleton and Greenville Districts, South Carolina" 2013, has corrected this frequently propagated error. There are no records that record his middle name as "Henry" or an initial "H" but there are records that include his middle initial as "W" (see deeds below).
William Hood married Winnifred "Winney" Elizabeth Reid about 1799 as their first child, Zilman S. Hood, was born about 1800. Winnifred "Winney" Elizabeth Reid was born in North Carolina about 1775.
William W. Hood first shows up in the census records in the 1800 Pendleton District, S.C. census. It enumerated himself (age range 16-25 [born between 1775-1784]), one male under age 10 and one female 16-25 years old [his wife, Winney, daughter of Elizabeth (Clayton) Reid]. Two households away in the 1800 US Census was the residence of the widowed Elizabeth (Clayton) Reed/Reid (age range 45 and over) whose home also contained a male (age range 16-25).
William W. Hood purchased 512 acres of land on 24 Jan 1808 from James Jett in the Pendleton District located on Oolenoy Creek. On 20 Feb 1808, William sold 134 acres of the tract to Stephen Adams. Witnesses to the deed were his brother-in-law and his wife, Nathaniel and Isabelle Reid.
In 1809, William bought a 179 acre tract of land located on the waters of 18 Mile River in Pendleton District about 3-4 miles from where John and Richard Hood's (formally of Halifax Co., VA) land was located.
William W. Hood appears in the 1810 census of the Pendleton District, S.C. Besides himself (age range 26-44) and his wife, Winnifred (age range 16-44), in the household, there were two males under the age of 10, one male 10-16, and one female under the age of 10.
On 02 Aug 1811, William sold 2 tracts of land totaling 500 acres to two of his brother-in-laws, Stephen C. and Joseph Reid. This was land located on Adams and Carpenter Creeks both waters of the Saluda River.
On 28 Jul 1813, William sold 2 acres of land to five "Trustees" so a Baptist Church could be built on it.
In a Franklin Co., GA deed dated 09 Sep 1815 it's shown that William purchased 280 acres of land for $500 from Jeptha and Fanny Harrington of Franklin Co., GA. The deed indicated that William was a resident of South Carolina. The land was located on Beaverdam Creek, a branch of Grove Fork of the Broad River. Franklin Co., GA is located on the northeast corner of GA and it bordered the Old Pendleton District of South Carolina.
On 13 Dec 1815, William of Pendleton District sold 45 acres of land located on the waters of 18 Mile Creek and Golden Creek except 2 acres where Liberty Meeting House stood.
Sometime after that December 1815 sale, William and Winnifred became residents of Franklin Co., GA. This is proven by a deed dated 14 Dec 1816 when William purchased 25 acres of land located on Beaverdam Creek for $140 from Larkin Butler. The deed stated that William was a resident of Franklin Co, GA. William's son, Nathaniel, married Larkin Butler's daughter, Louisa, a few years later.
In 1826 William and Winnifred, his wife. were charter members of Beaverdam Baptist Church of Franklin Co. near current day Commerce, Banks Co., GA.
On 13 May 1828, William sold his son, Nathaniel R. Hood, 250 acres on the waters of the Broad River in Franklin County. His son, William C. Hood, was one of the witnesses. Interestingly, William was referred to as William Hood, Senior.
On 16 Mar 1829, William sold his son-in-law, Francis T. Cook, 46 1/2 acres on the waters of Beaverdam Creek. Again, in this deed he was referred to as William Hood, Senior. His sons, William C. Hood and Nathaniel R. Hood witnessed the sale.
The 1830 US Census of Franklin Co., CA enumerated the household of William W. Hood (age range 50-59) and his wife, Winnifred (age range 50-59. Also living in the household were: one male (15-19); one male (20-29) and two females (10-14).
On 19 Mar 1830, William sold an additional 12 acres to Francis T. Cook and once again was referred to as William Hood, Senior.
Tax, land, census and DNA records track William W. Hood from North Carolina, Pendleton District, South Carolina and to his final settling in Franklin County, GA.
William and Winnifred raised a large family in Franklin Co., GA. He and his sons were large land owners supported by extant tax and land records. He and his sons appear on innumerable extant tax lists in Franklin Co., GA from the years 1818-1842. His last appearance in the tax lists was 1842. Beginning in 1834, William W. Hood no longer was listed as a poll for taxing purposes (the poll tax was a specific sum to be paid by a person between 21 and 60 years of age. It was levied exclusively on males without regard to property ownership). Thus, it is known by 1834, William had turned sixty so his birth date of 1774 is plausible.
On 17 Feb 1839 in Franklin County, William sold 137 acres of land on Beaverdam Creek to his son, Stephen R. Hood, witnessed by his son-in-law, Francis T. Cook. The deed shows his name as William W. Hood, Senior.
William W. Hood (age range 60-69) and his wife, Winnifred (age range 60-69), were enumerated in the 1840 US Census of District 207, Franklin Co., GA. Also residing in the household were a male (20-29) and a two females (20-29). Living in adjacent households were their sons, Zilmon S. Hood (age range 40-49) and Nathaniel R. (Reed) Hood (age range 30-39).
On 15 Jan 1842 in Franklin County, William sold an additional 137 acres on Beaverdam Creek to his son, Stephen R. Hood. His name on the deed is shown as William W. Hood, Senior and he signed the deed as "W. W. Hood".
William W. Hood, was recorded as paying property tax in Franklin Co., GA in 1842 and is noted as "No Poll" indicating he was at least 60 Y/O. This was his last listing for paying property tax. William was living closely to his three sons, Zilmon S. Hood, Reuben Harvey Hood and Stephen Reed Hood who were also recorded as paying property tax in 1842.
The 1850 US Census of Franklin Co., GA was the last time William W. Hood and his wife, "Winney" (Winnifred) Hood, appear in census records. William W. Hood was 78 Y/O farmer and his wife, Winnifred, was 77 Y/O in 1850. These dates have been proven to be somewhat inaccurate as discussed above. No documentation has been found as to the death date of William W. Hood but Winnifred's death is documented in the Beaverdam Church Minutes as October 1854. At the time Beaverdam Church was located in Franklin County but today it in Banks County which was formed from parts of Franklin County in 1858.
The children of William W. and Winnifred (Reid) Hood were: 1) Zilmon S. Hood, b. Circa 1800 Prob. Pendleton District, S.C., d. Dec 1846/47 Georgia, m. Harriett C. Morrison 21 Oct 1824 Jackson Co., GA. 2) William C. (Clayton?) Hood, b. Circa 1801 S. C., d. Aft 1880, m. Nancy (_____) who was born in 1804 in N.C.. 3) Nathaniel R. Hood, b. Circa 1802 South Carolina, d. 28 Oct 1854 Franklin Co., GA, m. Louisa Butler on 03 Nov 1831 in Jackson Co., GA. 4) Eda Hood, b. Circa 1810 in S.C., d. Circa 1850 GA, m. Francis "Frank" T. Cook 18 Jun 1825 in Franklin Co., GA. 5) Reuben Harvey Hood, b. 18 Feb 1813 in South Carolina, d. 17 Apr 1856 in Jackson Co., GA, m. Emily "Millie" J. Cook on 22 May 1832 in Franklin Co., GA. 6) Mary Ann Hood, b. Circa 1814 South Carolina m. Married Asa Ware on 28 Mar 1844 (Ceremony performed by her brother, Stephen Reed Hood, Justice of the Peace). 7) Stephen Reed Hood (See below)
Source: "The John and Richard Hood Clan of Halifax County, Virginia; Burke County, North Carolina; and Pendleton and Greenville Districts, South Carolina" by Clyde B. Hood III, 2013, pp185-200.
Bio by Gresham Farrar.
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